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Modern Art and Architecture, 1850-1914 From Realism to Dada.

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Art and Architecture, 1850-1914 From Realism to Dada."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Modern Art and Architecture, From Realism to Dada

3 Key Questions, 2/19 Analyze the trends in art in the period, , and the extent to which they challenged traditional ideas of aesthetics. Analyze the trends in art in the period, , and the extent to which they challenged traditional ideas of aesthetics. How do the artistic and cultural trends illustrate the “mood” prior to WWI? How do the artistic and cultural trends illustrate the “mood” prior to WWI?

4 REALISM Response to Romanticism Dominant style circa Focus on life as it is really lived—”warts and all” Connection to problems of industry, urbanization, mass politics Connection to literature, science, medicine Gross Clinic by Eakins

5 The Sower by Millet

6 REALISM: THE WORKING CLASS Jean-Francois Millet ( ) Jean-Francois Millet ( ) Honore Daumier ( ) Honore Daumier ( ) Gustave Courbet ( ) Gustave Courbet ( ) Third Class Carriage by Daumier

7 The Stonebreakers by Courbet

8 The Gleaners by Millet

9 PHOTOGRAPHER – CHANGING REPRESENTATIONS Photography developed in the middle of 19 th c. Photography developed in the middle of 19 th c. Changed task of painter from chronicler and representation to imagination, abstraction Changed task of painter from chronicler and representation to imagination, abstraction Photojournalism to highlight social problems Photojournalism to highlight social problems Jacob Riis—Dutch- American Jacob Riis—Dutch- American Riis – Tenement home

10 Jacob Riis

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12 Rebel Sharpshooter by Alexander Gardner

13 SCULPTURE Auguste Rodin ( ) Most famous for “The Thinker” Sought to imitate impressionists with effect of light and shade Rodin – Man with Broken Nose

14 Rodin’s – The Thinker

15 TRANSITION Eduard Manet and James Whistler Move toward abstraction Ruskin case and role of critics Challenge to traditional aesthetic motifs Move away from shadowing Manet’s The Fifer

16 Nocturne in Gold and Blue: Falling Rocket by Whistler

17 IMPRESSIONISM Influence of photography Influence of photography Interest in light, shadow Interest in light, shadow Focus on everyday life—street scenes, still lives, parks, etc. Focus on everyday life—street scenes, still lives, parks, etc. Interest in how objects change in light over time Interest in how objects change in light over time Exhibited their works together Exhibited their works together Cassatt’s Mother and Child

18 CLAUDE MONET ( ) Named the movement Named the movement Focus on subtle nuances of color and light Focus on subtle nuances of color and light Famous for haystacks, water lilies, Notre Dame Cathedral Famous for haystacks, water lilies, Notre Dame Cathedral

19 Monet’s Haystack

20 Monet’s Water Lilies

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22 Monet’s Boaters

23 OTHER IMPRESSIONISTS Pierre Auguste Renoir ( ) Edgar Degas ( ) Mary Cassatt ( )— American

24 Renoir’s The Boater’s Party

25 POST-IMPRESSIONISM More interested in form and structure than Impressionists Focus on broad fields of color Beginnings of movement away from clear and distinct representation Van Gogh, Seurat ( ) Toulouse-Lautrec ( ) Pointillism—related Toulouse-Lautrec’s At the Moulin Rouge

26 Saturday Afternoon by Seurat

27 VINCENT VAN GOGH ( ) Began in realist style Began in realist style Sold only 1 painting in his lifetime Sold only 1 painting in his lifetime Famous for swirling, passionate brushstrokes Famous for swirling, passionate brushstrokes Used yellow (ran out), influenced by Japanese art Used yellow (ran out), influenced by Japanese art Difficulty with others Difficulty with others Suicide (archetype of “tortured artist”) Suicide (archetype of “tortured artist”) Billiards by Van Gogh

28 Sunflowers by Van Gogh

29 Self-Portrait by Van Gogh

30 Starry Night by Van Gogh

31 EXPRESSIONISM More interested in breaking bonds of previous traditions Abstraction and subjective experiences 1905 Fauvist Exhibit Henri Matisse ( ), Paul Cezanne ( ), Paul Gauguin ( ), James Ensor ( ), Edvard Munch ) The Scream by Munch

32 Woman with the Green Stripe by Matisse

33 USE OF COLOR

34 SUBJECTIVITY AND ABSTRACTION

35 CUBISM Influence of relativity theory Influence of relativity theory Looking at objects from multiple perspectives Looking at objects from multiple perspectives Sense of time as not absolute Sense of time as not absolute Founders: Pablo Picasso ( ), Georges Braque ( ) Founders: Pablo Picasso ( ), Georges Braque ( ) Braque

36 Braque Untitled

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38 PICASSO (ONE OF TWO PAINTERS THE 100)

39 Picasso’s Blue Dove

40 Picasso’s Poet

41 Picasso Self- Portrait

42 Picasso’s Loki

43 FUTURISM Interest in science and technology Critical of traditional artistic motifs— religious scenes, nudes, history, etc. Issued manifestoes that called for change, by destruction if necessary Died out after World War I Umberto Boccioni

44 Boccioni Dynamism of a Cyclist by Boccioni

45 DADAISM Anti-art movement on eve of WWI Name refers to meaningless childish babble Questions traditional bases of art Marcel Duchamp ( ) founder Duchamp

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47 MODERN ARCHITECTURE “Form follows function” Focus less on ornamentation, more on building reflecting its use “A box with windows” New building materials— steel and reinforced concrete Louis Sullivan ( ) and Frank Lloyd Wright ( )—Prairie Style Sullivan’s Carson Pierre Scott Building

48 Sullivan’s Wainwright Building

49 Frank Lloyd Wright – Oak Park, Illinois

50 Frank Lloyd Wright’s Roby House Hyde Park, Chicago


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