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Modern Art and Architecture,

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Art and Architecture,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Art and Architecture, 1850-1914
From Realism to Dada

2 Key Questions, 2/19 Analyze the trends in art in the period, , and the extent to which they challenged traditional ideas of aesthetics. How do the artistic and cultural trends illustrate the “mood” prior to WWI?

3 REALISM Response to Romanticism Dominant style circa 1850-1875
Focus on life as it is really lived—”warts and all” Connection to problems of industry, urbanization, mass politics Connection to literature, science, medicine Gross Clinic by Eakins

4 The Sower by Millet

Jean-Francois Millet ( ) Honore Daumier ( ) Gustave Courbet ( ) Third Class Carriage by Daumier

6 The Stonebreakers by Courbet

7 The Gleaners by Millet

Photography developed in the middle of 19th c. Changed task of painter from chronicler and representation to imagination, abstraction Photojournalism to highlight social problems Jacob Riis—Dutch-American Riis – Tenement home

9 Jacob Riis

10 Jacob Riis

11 Rebel Sharpshooter by Alexander Gardner

12 Rodin – Man with Broken Nose
SCULPTURE Auguste Rodin ( ) Most famous for “The Thinker” Sought to imitate impressionists with effect of light and shade Rodin – Man with Broken Nose

13 Rodin’s – The Thinker

14 TRANSITION Eduard Manet and James Whistler Move toward abstraction
Ruskin case and role of critics Challenge to traditional aesthetic motifs Move away from shadowing Manet’s The Fifer

15 Nocturne in Gold and Blue: Falling Rocket by Whistler

16 IMPRESSIONISM Influence of photography Interest in light, shadow
Cassatt’s Mother and Child Influence of photography Interest in light, shadow Focus on everyday life—street scenes, still lives, parks, etc. Interest in how objects change in light over time Exhibited their works together

17 CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) Named the movement
Focus on subtle nuances of color and light Famous for haystacks, water lilies, Notre Dame Cathedral

18 Monet’s Haystack

19 Monet’s Water Lilies

20 Monet’s Water Lilies

21 Monet’s Boaters

22 OTHER IMPRESSIONISTS Pierre Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)
Edgar Degas ( ) Mary Cassatt ( )—American

23 Renoir’s The Boater’s Party

24 Toulouse-Lautrec’s At the Moulin Rouge
POST-IMPRESSIONISM More interested in form and structure than Impressionists Focus on broad fields of color Beginnings of movement away from clear and distinct representation Van Gogh, Seurat ( ) Toulouse-Lautrec ( ) Pointillism—related Toulouse-Lautrec’s At the Moulin Rouge

25 Saturday Afternoon by Seurat

26 VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-90) Began in realist style
Sold only 1 painting in his lifetime Famous for swirling, passionate brushstrokes Used yellow (ran out), influenced by Japanese art Difficulty with others Suicide (archetype of “tortured artist”) Billiards by Van Gogh

27 Sunflowers by Van Gogh

28 Self-Portrait by Van Gogh

29 Starry Night by Van Gogh

30 EXPRESSIONISM More interested in breaking bonds of previous traditions
Abstraction and subjective experiences 1905 Fauvist Exhibit Henri Matisse ( ), Paul Cezanne ( ), Paul Gauguin ( ), James Ensor ( ), Edvard Munch ) The Scream by Munch

31 Woman with the Green Stripe by Matisse



34 CUBISM Influence of relativity theory
Looking at objects from multiple perspectives Sense of time as not absolute Founders: Pablo Picasso ( ), Georges Braque ( ) Braque

35 Braque Untitled

36 Braque Untitled


38 Picasso’s Blue Dove

39 Picasso’s Poet

40 Picasso Self-Portrait

41 Picasso’s Loki

42 FUTURISM Interest in science and technology
Critical of traditional artistic motifs—religious scenes, nudes, history, etc. Issued manifestoes that called for change, by destruction if necessary Died out after World War I Umberto Boccioni

43 Dynamism of a Cyclist by Boccioni

44 DADAISM Anti-art movement on eve of WWI
Name refers to meaningless childish babble Questions traditional bases of art Marcel Duchamp ( ) founder Duchamp


46 Sullivan’s Carson Pierre Scott Building
MODERN ARCHITECTURE “Form follows function” Focus less on ornamentation, more on building reflecting its use “A box with windows” New building materials—steel and reinforced concrete Louis Sullivan ( ) and Frank Lloyd Wright ( )—Prairie Style Sullivan’s Carson Pierre Scott Building

47 Sullivan’s Wainwright Building

48 Frank Lloyd Wright – Oak Park, Illinois

49 Frank Lloyd Wright’s Roby House Hyde Park, Chicago

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