Presentation on theme: "All these quotes are from the same person. What do they tell you about him? “Power is my mistress. I have worked too hard at her conquest to allow anyone."— Presentation transcript:
All these quotes are from the same person. What do they tell you about him? “Power is my mistress. I have worked too hard at her conquest to allow anyone to take her away from me.” “There are but two powers in the world, the sword and the mind. In the long run the sword is always beaten by the mind." “Impossible is a word to be found only in the dictionary of fools.” "He that makes war without many mistakes has not made war very long." “Death is nothing, but to live defeated and inglorious is to die daily.” “Ten people who speak make more noise than ten thousand who are silent.” “History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon”. “I know when it is necessary, how to leave the skin of lion to take one of fox.” “A man will fight harder for his interests than for his rights.” “A throne is only a bench covered with velvet.” “Religion is what keeps the poor from murdering the rich.”
The Rise and Fall of Napoleon’s Empire How does this Picture reflect the information you gathered from the quotes?
Napoleon was born here, on the Island of Corsica
I. Napoleon Seizes Power 1769 – Born on Corsica Military school in France on Scholarship Saved National Convention, by firing shot at a mob come to get them Directory sent him into Italy- Success! Egypt- while there he practices administration, but loses to Nelson Returns to France as the Hero of Egypt (the news he lost is slower to arrive.) 1799 – dissolved Directory, seized power with friends Sieyes and Ducos and they three become consuls to run the government Later, even more popular, he declares himself the one leader of France He takes on the Powers of a Dictator
II. Napoleon Rules France Plebiscite (public vote) approved new constitution – Napoleon stronger He repair the economy – fixed tax collection, established a national bank, fired the corrupt Lycees – started government run public schools, rewards based on merit Concordat – repairs the relationship with Church, He will claim influence but no control Establishes the Napoleonic Code – A system of laws that were uniform but eliminated individual rights, and restored slavery in Caribbean
III. Napoleon Creates an Empire 1804 – crowned himself Emperor Wanted territory in New World, couldn’t overcome slave armies in Haiti and sold the Louisiana Purchase to the USA Wanted to expand in Europe, other nations attacked & were defeated, signed peace treaties Austerlitz is his finest battle. He crushes the Russians and Austrians both Battle of Trafalgar – England’s Nelson destroyed the French fleet, Napoleon wouldn’t be able to invade Britain Most of continental Europe in his control by 1812
Disaster drill at the end of the period. Do I have a volunteer to take the First Aid kit to the evacuation spot on the Football Field? Do I have a volunteer to lead the class if I am prevented from evacuating because of Rubble? Do I have a volunteer to assist my Buddy Ms. Forster if I have to stay with an injured student or can’t get out of the rubble? Also, get out your Napoleon Work!
IV. Napoleon’s Costly Mistakes A)Continental System – blockade against Great Britain, destroy economy, make continental Europe more self-sufficient, Britain did it better… B)Peninsular War – French marched into Spain, took over govt., Spanish guerrilla forces attacked, French army severely weakened C)Napoleon establishes his relatives as kings in the countries he conquers. These people are not competent rulers. The citizens of these countries revolt.
D) Invasion of Russia – Meant to punish Czar for selling grain to England. 1812- 600,000 + French soldiers invade Russia Russians pull back and refuse to fight, practice scorched-earth policy, and burn Moscow down. Napoleon marched back to France in winter, lost his army to the cold. 20,000 walk out… “Swallows fell from the sky like stones, frozen in flight in the bitter cold…”
V. Napoleon’s Downfall Major powers attacked: England and Prussia 1814 – Napoleon surrendered at Liepzig, exiled to island of Elba New king unpopular, Napoleon escaped Elba, returns to France a Hero for 100 days and built a new army in 1815 Battle of Waterloo – Napoleon defeated by combined forces of Russia, Prussia, Austria Sweden and England St. Helena – Exiled until his death in 1821
Find two people to work with and look at the questions Decide what your best answer is as a group and write that on the back of your chart paper. 1.What do you think was Napoleon’s legacy to France? That is, what do you think happened during his control that had a lasting effect on France? 2.How did Napoleon preserve the goals of the French Revolution? 3.What other things did Napoleon do to betray the goals of the French Revolution?
Video on Napoleon! This video will help you make connections between the French Revolution and Napoleon. Look at the Video Questions. How many can you answer right now? As you watch, fill in the answers. First we will look at some vocabulary….
Abdicate- To formally relinquish/give up ruling power. Armistice- Temporary end to hostilities and fighting by agreement between the opposing sides.
Artillery- A branch of an army armed with cannons. Coup- French for “to cut”, the violent overthrow of an existing government leader by a small group.
Guillotine- A machine for beheading by means of a heavy blade that slides down in vertical guides.
Autocratic- Rule by one person with all the power Democratic- Rule by all the people, usually by voting for a representative to rule them Which of Napoleon’s actions were Autocratic? Which were Democratic? You may use your notes to get more ideas…. Share Out…
Instructions: 1. Read the quote. 2. Circle the parts that are “autocratic”. 3. Underline the parts that are “democratic.” 4. According to the information in this quote, is Napoleon Democratic or Autocratic? 5. On the continuum, place a mark where you think Napoleon belongs. AutocraticDemocratic 5. Be ready to EXPLAIN why you put the mark where you did. Write your explanation on the bottom of the instruction paper. You will explain it to the class. Napoleon Quotes Assignment
Test Review Game… In A Vindication of the Rights of Women, this political thinker presented an argument for the education of women. She also declared that women should have the same political rights as men. A. Mary Wollstonecraft
This philosopher's ideas greatly influenced criminal law reformers in Europe and North America. He argued against the use of torture and other common abuses of justice. A. Cesar Beccaria
This aristocratic philosopher was devoted to the study of political liberty. In his famous book On the Spirit of the Laws, he proposed that separation of powers would keep any individual or group from gaining total control of a government. A. Montesquieu
This philosopher strongly disagreed with other philosophers on a number of matters. For instance, although most philosophers believed that reason, science, and art improve the lives of all people, he argued that civilization corrupts people's natural goodness. A. J. J. Rousseau
This philosopher's masterful use of satire got him into frequent trouble with the clergy, the aristocracy, and the government of France. Despite serving two prison terms and being exiled, he never stopped fighting for tolerance, reason, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech. A. Voltaire
This political thinker felt that people are reasonable beings. He supported self- government and argued that the purpose of government is to protect the natural rights (Life, Liberty and Property) of people. If government fails to protect these natural rights, he said, citizens have the right to overthrow it. A. John Locke
This political thinker believed that all humans are naturally selfish and wicked. He argued, therefore, that strong governments are necessary to control human behavior. To avoid chaos, he said, people enter into a social contract. They give up their rights in exchange for law and order. A. Thomas Hobbes
What Order did these events occur in? the repeal of the Stamp Act the adoption of the Bill of Rights the end of the French and Indian War the calling of the Second Continental Congress A. the end of the French and Indian War the repeal of the Stamp Act the calling of the Second Continental Congress the adoption of the Bill of Rights
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? A. Thomas Jefferson Who’s ideas are featured the most heavily in the Declaration of Independence? A. John Locke
The Bill of Rights was based on ideas by which Enlightenment Philosophers? A. Voltaire, John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau.
What happened on July 14 th ? A. The Storming of the Bastille
Which Estate in French society most strongly embraced the ideals and principles of the Enlightenment? A. 3 rd Estate
Which group ran the Reign of Terror? A. The Committee for Public Safety
Who Paid Taxes in France before the Revolution? A. 3 rd Estate
What is a Social Contract? A. The philosophical idea that people are willing to give up some individual freedoms in the interests.