Presentation on theme: "TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES Level III Training Section Two ADULT LEARNING MODULE."— Presentation transcript:
TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES Level III Training Section Two ADULT LEARNING MODULE
TPS Workshop Objectives Objectives: As a result of completing the Adult Learning Module, the learner will be able to: Describe/discuss core concepts of adult learning theory and how they apply to TPS professional development and coaching. Adapt and deliver an effective TPS presentation or activity applying adult learning concepts. Evaluate the use of adult learning theory in TPS presentations and professional development
TPS Program Module Agenda Program Schedule and Learning Agreements Presentation on Characteristics of Adult Learners Adult Learner Warm-Up Exercise Adult Learning Considerations Communication/Relationship Styles Examination TPS Program Section Reflection (
Adult Learning Principles Adults are self-directed learners Adults build on prior experience Adults want learning that is practical Adults want leaning to have immediate applicability Adults are internally motivated Adults need to know why they need to learn something
Adult Learning Theories Pedagogical Theory Theory ElementsPractical Applications Students learn what they are told. Lecture Students past experiences aren’t needed to learn new materials. Don’t ask the students to contribute details of their own experiences. Students are passive learners. Don’t engage learners.
Adult Learning Theories Andragogy Theory Theory ElementsPractical Applications Adults are not dependent learners; they are self- directed. Ask students for their opinions; involve them in planning classes via needs assessments; and diagnosis learner’s needs. Adults come to class with lots of experiences.Connect class materials to students’ life experiences. Adults need to know why they are learning topics before they learn them. Incorporate lesson introductions within class materials that tell students the lesson’s purpose, the benefits, why it is important to learn this material, and the lesson objectives. Adults enjoy solving problems. They like to learn knowledge and skills to manage their life experiences. Offer adults intellectual puzzles, case studies, games that require them to solve problems. Generate materials that mirror real life. Adults seek out educational opportunities to enhance their competency levels. Use instructional methods that are immediately applicable to the learners’ jobs. For example, how- to-guides, worksheets, flowcharts, etc. Adults are internally motivated to learn.Praise students, provide safe environments that promote trust, and understanding.
Adult Learning Theories Self-Directed Learning Theory ElementsPractical Applications Encourage learners to be self-directed. Students initiate their learning and plan out their curriculum, including the evaluation of their own learning experiences. Foster transformational learning.Learner is the focus; teacher is the guide. Promote emancipatory learning and social action.Move learners into self-directed by implementing four steps: 1.Low self-directed learners need teachers as experts. Teacher set’s goals, develop, and evaluate. 2.Moderate self-directed learners need teachers as motivators. Students enjoy praise, structured content, and exercises where teachers encourage growth. 3.Intermediate self-directors are active learners but want teachers to facilitate learning by providing resources, methods, and shared decision-making. 4.High self-directors want full responsibility for their learning, direction, and evaluation.
Professional Development Design Implications Adult Learners Need: “Realistic’ goals and objectives Some control over learning Peer support during training To receive feedback To participate in small group activities To have experience acknowledged Follow-up coaching and support
FOUR MAJOR COMMUNICATING STYLES INTUITOR Conceiving, projecting, future oriented THINKER Analyzing, ordering, fact oriented SENSOR Relating and responding to events FEELER Relating and responding to emotions
COMMUNICATING STYLES: Training, Coaching and Mentoring Each person has a primary and secondary style Knowing yours and those you are training, coaching and mentoring facilitates learning A balance of styles tends to enhance performance and problem-solving potential INTUITOR Conceiving, projecting, future oriented THINKER Analyzing, ordering, fact oriented SENSOR Relating and responding to events FEELER Relating and responding to emotions
COMMUNICATING STYLES SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS
STYLE CUES SPREAD BETWEEN SCORES A seven plus spread suggests a clearly greater reliance on the higher score style (e.g., 41 points for Intuitor as the primary style and 31 points for Thinker as the secondary style) A relatively equal distribution of points indicates a lack of style preference - this can be for a variety of reasons STYLE SHIFTS UNDER STRESS Note shift in either primary or secondary style. This can influence your own behavior and perceptions and reactions of team-mates Large increase in feeler and decline in thinker style with feeler becoming second style. Person can shift from being seen as logical, controlled and impersonal to being seen as more personalized and emotional in actions Normal Conditions Stress Conditions
TPS TTT Program Participants Communication Styles Map: Normal Conditions
TPS TTT Program Participants Communication Styles Map: Normal Conditions INTUITORTHINKER FEELERSENSOR (SL 4.22.g)
TPS TTT Program Participants Communication Styles Map: Stress Conditions INTUITORTHINKER FEELERSENSOR (SL 4.22.h)
Wrap-up/Reflection/ Program Evaluation/ Homework What did you like the most about the section? What did you like the least about the section? What was your most significant learning for the section? Do you have any outstanding questions that you would like addressed? Do you have any general observations that you would like to share with the group?