Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Enlightenment Thinkers Fill in your chart with these facts as we go through the notes.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Enlightenment Thinkers Fill in your chart with these facts as we go through the notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Enlightenment Thinkers Fill in your chart with these facts as we go through the notes.

2 Basics Vocab Natural Rights Natural Rights Rights that all humans are given at birth Rights that all humans are given at birth Separation of Powers Separation of Powers The idea that governments should have more than one person in charge to make sure things are equal. The idea that governments should have more than one person in charge to make sure things are equal. Philosopher-King Philosopher-King Plato’s idea of the perfect ruler who would be trained and educated in Philosophy before becoming a king. Plato’s idea of the perfect ruler who would be trained and educated in Philosophy before becoming a king.

3 Quick Review What is the difference between an absolute monarch and a limited monarch? What is the difference between an absolute monarch and a limited monarch? What is the difference between a direct democracy and an indirect democracy (also called a representative democracy)? What is the difference between a direct democracy and an indirect democracy (also called a representative democracy)?

4 Aristotle

5 Add to your Basics Vocab Aristotle – Greek philosopher who argued that democracy was the least dangerous form of government (if everyone was educated and power was held by the middle class) Aristotle – Greek philosopher who argued that democracy was the least dangerous form of government (if everyone was educated and power was held by the middle class) His second preferred type of government was a king guided by a group of philosophers. His second preferred type of government was a king guided by a group of philosophers.

6 Aristotle Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons/Beliefs Can People Govern? 1. King with Philosophers 2. Democracy ruled by Middle Class Unrealistic for all citizens to be educated Unrealistic for all citizens to be educated Therefore a King should rule w/guidance of philosophers Therefore a King should rule w/guidance of philosophers NO – Unless they are educated

7 Queen Elizabeth I

8 Basics Vocab Queen Elizabeth I – 16th century monarch who believed monarchs should be thought of as a parent of their people, and have nearly absolute control. Queen Elizabeth I – 16th century monarch who believed monarchs should be thought of as a parent of their people, and have nearly absolute control.

9 Queen Elizabeth I Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons/Beliefs Can People Govern? Wants Absolute Monarchy but has Limited Monarchy Divine Right— believed God gave her authority to rule Divine Right— believed God gave her authority to rule Believed each person is born into their proper place in society Believed each person is born into their proper place in society She thought she was the mother of the people She thought she was the mother of the peopleNo

10 Thomas Hobbes

11 Add to your Basics Vocab… Thomas Hobbes – 17th century enlightenment thinker who believed that absolute monarchs helped to control chaos in a society Thomas Hobbes – 17th century enlightenment thinker who believed that absolute monarchs helped to control chaos in a society

12 Thomas Hobbes Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons/Beliefs Can People Govern? Absolute Monarchy All humans are naturally wicked All humans are naturally wicked Government protects people from their own selfishness Government protects people from their own selfishness King/Queen=best form of government King/Queen=best form of governmentNo

13 John Locke

14 Add to Basics Vocab John Locke – 17th century enlightenment thinker who believed that when people are born “good” and all deserve natural rights. John Locke – 17th century enlightenment thinker who believed that when people are born “good” and all deserve natural rights. When people are denied their natural rights, “life, liberty, and property”, people have the right to overthrow the government. When people are denied their natural rights, “life, liberty, and property”, people have the right to overthrow the government.

15 John Locke Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons/Beliefs Can People Govern? Limited Monarchy King & Queen need limitations King & Queen need limitations People can make good decisions if they have proper info People can make good decisions if they have proper info People should approve of their leaders People should approve of their leaders Government should protect individual freedoms & liberties Government should protect individual freedoms & liberties Natural Rights—Life, Liberty & Property Natural Rights—Life, Liberty & PropertyYes

16 King Louis XIV

17 Basics Vocab King Louis XIV – 18th century king of France who believed that he received his authority by Divine Right and was only answerable to God. King Louis XIV – 18th century king of France who believed that he received his authority by Divine Right and was only answerable to God.

18 King Louis XIV Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Absolute Monarchy—a ruler with unlimited powers Divine Right— received authority from God & only has to answer to God. Divine Right— received authority from God & only has to answer to God. -Took this belief to the extreme -Took this belief to the extremeNo

19 Baron de Montesquieu

20 Basics Vocab Baron de Montesquieu – 18th century enlightenment philosopher who believed that government power should be separated (to create equality) and overall controlled by a limited monarch. Baron de Montesquieu – 18th century enlightenment philosopher who believed that government power should be separated (to create equality) and overall controlled by a limited monarch.

21 Baron de Montesquieu Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Limited Monarchy Limited powers makes country stable Limited powers makes country stable “Separation of Powers” “Separation of Powers” Checks & Balances Checks & Balances Yes—but only if they are educated

22 Plato

23 Basics Vocab Plato – Greek philosopher who argued that government leaders should be chosen by their strengths and talents, not their family line or money. Plato – Greek philosopher who argued that government leaders should be chosen by their strengths and talents, not their family line or money.

24 Plato Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Philosopher- King Talent determines each person’s role in society Talent determines each person’s role in society Everyone should be educated Everyone should be educated Democracy not good = mob rule Democracy not good = mob rule No—Only the educated can rule.

25 Jean Jacques Rousseau

26 Basics Vocab Jean Jacques Rousseau – 18th century enlightenment philosopher who believed that direct democracy was possible because all people are naturally good, and will do what is best for their country. Jean Jacques Rousseau – 18th century enlightenment philosopher who believed that direct democracy was possible because all people are naturally good, and will do what is best for their country.

27 Jean Jacques Rousseau Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Direct Democracy Everyone should vote on EVERYTHING! Everyone should vote on EVERYTHING! Absolute power corrupts everybody. Absolute power corrupts everybody.YES!!

28 Mary Wollstonecraft

29 Basics Vocab Mary Wollstonecraft – 19th century feminist who argued that women should be equal to men in education, business, and government. Mary Wollstonecraft – 19th century feminist who argued that women should be equal to men in education, business, and government. She wanted women to be equal NOT above the men. She wanted women to be equal NOT above the men.

30 Mary Wollstonecraft Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Democracy or any system of Equality Women should have equal rights in education, business & government Women should have equal rights in education, business & governmentYES

31 James Madison

32 Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Indirect Democracy (aka Republic or Rep. Democracy) Believed all people were created equal and should have an equal voice in their government. Believed all people were created equal and should have an equal voice in their government. Thought a system of checks and balances would guarantee good decisions. Thought a system of checks and balances would guarantee good decisions.YES

33 Thomas Jefferson

34 Ideal Form of Government Main Reasons Can People Govern? Indirect Democracy (aka Republic or Rep. Democracy) Believed all people were created equal and should have an equal voice in their government. Believed all people were created equal and should have an equal voice in their government. Believed a society of farmers was independent minded. Believed a society of farmers was independent minded.YES

35 Answer these in your notes Of the philosophers whose ideas did you like the best? Why? Of the philosophers whose ideas did you like the best? Why? Whose ideas did you like the least? Why? Whose ideas did you like the least? Why? Which of the thinkers’ ideas have been the most influential in the modern development of democracy? Which of the thinkers’ ideas have been the most influential in the modern development of democracy?

36 Autocracy Democracy Draw this chart on the bottom of your notes or on a new sheet of paper Title: Press Conference Matrix Where do you think the ELEVEN Philosophers line up on the chart of Democracy?

37 Autocracy Democracy —Press Conference Matrix Where do you think the ELEVEN Philosophers line up on the chart of Democracy? King Louis XIV Queen Elizabeth I Thomas Hobbes Plato Aristotle Montesquieu John Locke Wollstonecraft Rousseau Jefferson Madison


Download ppt "The Enlightenment Thinkers Fill in your chart with these facts as we go through the notes."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google