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Becoming a Master Student Chapter 8 Thinking. Becoming a Master Student Critical thinking Your survival skill.

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Presentation on theme: "Becoming a Master Student Chapter 8 Thinking. Becoming a Master Student Critical thinking Your survival skill."— Presentation transcript:

1 Becoming a Master Student Chapter 8 Thinking

2 Becoming a Master Student Critical thinking Your survival skill

3 Becoming a Master Student Critical thinking process l Sorting out conflicting claims l Weighing the evidence l Letting go of personal biases l Arriving at reasonable views

4 Becoming a Master Student Finding “Aha!” Becoming a Master Student

5 Finding “Aha!” The burst of creative energy Becoming a Master Student

6 Techniques for creative thinking l Conduct a brainstorm l Focus and let go l Cultivate creative serendipity l Keep idea files Becoming a Master Student

7 Techniques for creative thinking l Collect and play with data l Create while you sleep l Refine ideas and follow through l Trust the process Becoming a Master Student

8 Qualities of critical thinkers Becoming a Master Student

9 Qualities of critical thinkers Truth-seeking Analytical Mature Qualities of critical thinkers Truth-seeking Analytical Self-confident Mature Becoming a Master Student

10 Qualities of critical thinkers Truth-seeking Open-mindedSelf-confident InquisitiveAnalytical SystematicMature Qualities of critical thinkers Truth-seeking Analytical Self-confident Mature Open- minded Systematic Inquisitive Becoming a Master Student

11 Becoming a critical thinker l Be willing to say “I don’t know” l Define your terms l Practice tolerance Becoming a critical thinker l Be willing to say “I don’t know” l Define your terms l Practice tolerance Becoming a Master Student

12 Becoming a critical thinker l Understand before criticizing l Watch for hot spots l Consider the source Becoming a critical thinker l Understand before criticizing l Watch for hot spots l Consider the source Becoming a Master Student

13 Becoming a critical thinker l Seek out alternative views l Ask questions l Look for at least three answers l Be willing to change your mind Becoming a critical thinker l Seek out alternative views l Ask questions l Look for at least three answers l Be willing to change your mind Becoming a Master Student

14 Becoming a critical thinker l Lay out your cards l Examine the problem l Write about it l Construct a reasonable view Becoming a critical thinker l Lay out your cards l Examine the problem l Write about it l Construct a reasonable view Becoming a Master Student

15 Uncovering assumptions Assumptions

16 Becoming a Master Student Uncovering assumptions Assumptions

17 Becoming a Master Student Uncovering assumptions Look for the assumptions or implied assertions Assumptions

18 Becoming a Master Student Uncovering assumptions Look for the assumptions or implied assertions Write out these assertions Assumptions

19 Becoming a Master Student Uncovering assumptions Look for the assumptions or implied assertions Write out these assertions See if you can find any exceptions to them Assumptions

20 Becoming a Master Student Computer software... can help you think  Use style and grammar checkers  Outline your ideas  Create new ideas and solve problems  Plan your life

21 Becoming a Master Student Six common mistakes in logic ¬ Jump to conclusions ­ Attack the person ® Appeal to an “authority” ¯ Point to a false cause ° Think in “all-or-nothing” terms ± Base arguments on emotion

22 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Try the the four fourp’s

23 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Try the the four fourp’s Problem

24 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Try the the four fourp’s Problem Possibilities

25 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Try the the four fourp’s Problem Possibilities Plan

26 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Try the the four fourp’s Problem Possibilities Perform Plan

27 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Solving problems-- Define the problem l Start with what the problem is l Describe what you want in detail l Do not limit your solutions

28 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Solving problems-- Generate possibilities l Brainstorm possible solutions l Leave it alone for a day or two l Write down your thinking

29 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Solving problems-- Create a plan l Write down your plan l Use Intention Statement guidelines

30 Becoming a Master Student Solving problems-- Solving problems-- Perform your plan l Do what you have planned l And, experience success!

31 Becoming a Master Student Be a survivor... Think Critically!


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