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How to use this package Choose any 1 of the 3 answered questions and see if you would have marked them the same as an examiner Or have a go at the sample question yourself then check your answer

Try your hand at being a GCSE examiner. Compare the marks you would give to those an examiner would. Answer this GCSE question yourself then check your answer Click on your choice Exit program

Choose your topic There are 3 questions each with 2 sample answers for you to mark…. Population growth Distribution and Density Population structure Click on the topic of your choice

World Population Growth First look at the question – read it through and think how you would answer it. Then look at the 2 student answers and see where they gained and lost marks.

a) Study fig.1 which shows total world population from 1830 to its predicted level for 2030. (i) How many years did it take for world population to double from 1 to 2 billion? [1] (ii) Between which two years did world population increase by 1 billion over the shortest time period? [1] (iii) Describe the evidence that shows that the rate of growth of world population growth will slow down between 1999 and 2030. [2] (iv) Give two reasons why world population growth is expected to slow down in the future.[4] Fig 1; World population (billions) ContinentBirth rate per 1000 Death rate per 1000 LEDC Africa4314 Asia269 South America267 MEDC Australasia208 Europe1210 North America168 b) The table below gives population information for six continents Using this information name the continent with: (i) the largest natural increase (ii) the smallest natural increase (iii) a natural increase of 12 per 1000 [3] (c) Explain why birth rates remain high (above 25 per 1000) in many LEDCs [7] (d) The Table shows that death rates in Europe are on average higher than those in South America and Asia. Suggest one reason for this. [2] Total: 20 marks Click here for answers

Population Distribution and Density First look at the question – read it through and think how you would answer it. Then look at the 2 student answers and see where they gained and lost marks.

(a) (i) Name the two continents with the largest concentrations of people. [2] (ii) State one similarity and one difference in population between Australia and South America shown on the map above. [2] (b) Very few people live in those areas of the world lettered A-D on the map. Give the letter for the areas where the low number of people living can be explained by conditions being: (i) too cold (ii) too hot and wet (iii)too dry (iv)too high and steep[2] (c) How is the density of population in an area calculated?[2] (d) (i) Name one area you have studied with a high density of population [1] (ii) Give reasons why so many people live in the area you have named.[6] Total 15 marks Click here for answers

Answer A (a) (i) Europe and South Asia (ii) Similarity – most people live near the coast Difference – a lot more people live in South America (b) (i) A (ii) D (iii)C (iv)B (c) Total population Area (d) (i) Southeast England (ii) London is the capital city It attracts workers from the north of England where many and factories have closed. Many jobs are found in London, eg in shops, offices, transport, tourism and in government. London is the largest financial centre in Europe It has airports that attract many visitors from overseas. The Southeast is the nearest part of the UK to Europe and other countries in the EU. The main market for manufactured goods is in Europe Hi-tech industries, such as computers and electronic companies, like to locate in the southeast, eg, along the M4 corridor between London and Reading. Click here for Answer B Click here to see question again Click here to reveal marks

Answer B (a) (i)1. The UK and Europe 2. India and China (ii) Both have large areas with no population More people live down the east coast of South America (b) (i) A (ii) B (iii)C (iv)D (c) Density is the amount of people per square kilometre. (d) (i) Sao Paulo in Brazil (ii) Many people have moved from the northeast of Brazil into Sao Paulo. Two thousand people are moving into the city every week. This is a result of rural to urban migration. Most people are attracted by jobs and the bright lights of the big city. Many of the migrants live in shanty towns until they find work. Shanty towns are found all around the edges of Sao Paulo on unused land where people build shacks and homes from any material they can find. In the northeast of Brazil the land is dry and people are poor, which is why they migrate to big cities in the hope of getting a job and having a better life. Click here return to main menu Click here to see question again Click here to reveal marks

Population Structure First look at the question – read it through and think how you would answer it. Then look at the 2 student answers and see where they gained and lost marks.

(a) Study the population pyramids for Kenya and the UK. (i) What percentage of the population of Kenya is aged 14 years and under? [1] (ii) Describe one difference in shape between the two pyramids[2] (iii) How do differences in birth rate and life expectancy affect the shape of the two pyramids? [2] (b) For one named country, describe the methods used to reduce birth rates.[5] (c) The population of a country can be split into three groups: A: 0-14 years: young dependants B: 15-64 years C: 65 and over: old dependants (i) Give a label suitable for the group aged 15-64 years [1] (ii) Explain why the other two groups are called ‘dependants’[2] (d) The UK and many other MEDCs have ageing populations (increased percentage of old people). Describe fully the consequences for a country of an ageing population.[7] Total 20 marks KenyaUK Click here for answers

On the following page is a sample GCSE question on population. Use your knowledge to answer it then once finished check you answer against a possible top mark answer. Remember to check how many marks are awarded for each part of the question and decide how much information and detail you need to give to achieve those marks.

a) Study the two tables. These show some information about the population of the UK in 1994 and how it may look in 2031(estimated) 1994 Population Age groupNumbers in millionsPercentage Under 1612.121% 16-6535.761% Over 6510.618% Total58.4100% 2031 Population Age groupNumbers in millionsPercentage Under 1610.517% 16-6536.160% Over 6514.123% Total60.7100% (i) give two differences between the population of the UK in 1994 and the year 2031. [2] (ii) What type of diagram is usually used to study the age/sex structure of the population? [1] (iii) Suggest two ways that the age/sex structure of an LEDC may be different from that of an MEDC such as the UK [2] b) By 2031 the death rate may be lower than in 1994. (i) What is the meaning of the term ‘death rate’? [2] (ii) How can changes in the death rate affect the size of the population? [2] c) Study this graph which shows migration between the UK and some other European countries between 1980 and 1990. (i) What is migration? [2] (ii) Which country shown on the graph has the most migrants from the UK? [1] (iii) Explain why people migrate [3] (iv) Using one or more examples, describe some of the problems which may be caused when people migrate. [4] Click here for last part of question

d) Study the map, which shows the annual population growth rates for some countries in Asia. The map shows that some countries in Asia, including Japan and South Korea, have a very low population growth rate. Other countries have higher growth rates. Explain why the population grows faster in some countries than in others. [6] You can go back to the first part of the question by clicking here To see a model answer click here – (remember to complete your answers on paper first so you can compare the two).

Model answer to GSCE question – you may have course used other case study examples that are equally relevant. a) (i) People under 16 in 1994 make up 21% of the population. In 2031 the percentage has decrease to 17% People over 65 in 1994 made up 18% of the population. There were 10.6 million people over 65. In 2031 the percentage of people over 65 rises to 23%. There will be 14.1 million people over 65. This is an increase of 3.5 million from 1994. (ii) Population pyramid (iii) The age-sex pyramid of an LEDC has a wider base than that of an MEDC as the LEDC has a higher birth rate. The age-sex pyramid of an LEDC gets narrower as the age increases, showing a higher death rate and low life expectancy compared to that of an MEDC which has a rounder shape with comparatively even numbers all the way up. b) (i) The death rate is the number of deaths per thousand per year in a country. (ii) Changes in the death rate can affect the size of population. It increases if the death rate is lower. The population will decrease if the death rate is higher. c) (i) ‘Migration’ means the movement of people. (ii) Germany (iii) People migrate for many different reasons. Some seek better job opportunities or a better standard of living. Refugees may be forced to migrate, to escape a war. People may migrate to be with relatives or because of famine in their country. (iv) Many problems can be caused when people migrate. Firstly, they may increase the population of an area and put strain on resources. They are in unfamiliar territory and do not know what to expect. Migrants to the UK seeking better jobs, may take away employment from people in the UK. Refugees fleeing war, for example in Kosovo, may use the local resources of countries like Macedonia which are relatively poor themselves. d) The population grows faster in some countries than in others for many reasons. In parts of India, they are not using or aware of contraception. In countries with lower population growth rates, they may make greater use of contraceptives. In countries like India with high population growth rates, education, particularly of women, is less well developed. Educated women in countries like South Korea are put off having children if they want careers. Population grows faster in some countries because of the poor provision of medical care. This also affects the death rate, particularly among children. People in LEDCs like Bangladesh have a lot of children as many of them will die. Parents need children to support them in their old age and to work on the family farm. As children can go out to work younger in LEDCs they bring in money. In countries like Singapore, children have to go to school until they are older and so it is expensive to have a large number of children. The population growth rate in China is kept down by the government’s one child policy. Parents are taxed more heavily if they have more than one child. Exit

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