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Benito Parent Information Night Drugs and Other Harmful Substances Presented by Dr. Glickin Parent and PTSA Member May 2, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Benito Parent Information Night Drugs and Other Harmful Substances Presented by Dr. Glickin Parent and PTSA Member May 2, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Benito Parent Information Night Drugs and Other Harmful Substances Presented by Dr. Glickin Parent and PTSA Member May 2, 2006

2

3 ADOLESCENT DRUG ABUSE EVERYTHING OLD IS NEW AGAIN

4 “Children today are tyrants. They contradict their parents, gobble their food, and tyrannize their teachers”

5 Socrates ( BC)

6 “Where did you go?” I did not go anywhere” “Why do you idle about, go to school” “Do not wander about in the public square, would you achieve success?” “Your grumblings have put an end to me, you have brought me to the point of death”

7 This is a piece of a conversation between a Sumerian youth and his father, recorded in cuneiform some 3 or 4 thousand years ago.

8 Since 2002, the number of students who attend middle schools where drugs are used, kept or sold has jumped 47% 28% of middle school students attend drug infected schools 2.4 million middle schoolers 10.6 million high schoolers National center on addiction and drug abuse

9 Prescription drug abuse has tripled over the past decade

10 Meth addicts increased by 57% since 2001

11 From Prescription drug abuse has jumped 86% The use of ecstasy is up 28% The use of acid, cocaine, or heroin is up 20%

12 Up to half of young people may have experimented with illegal drugs or solvents by the time they are 16

13 WHY DO CHILDREN START USING ILLEGAL DRUGS The pressure of everyone else using them, the need to fit in Curiosity, rebelliousness To feel better: relief of stress or depression Drugs are easily available Mostly because they are offered the opportunity by friends they trust

14 The top 10 TOBACCO : biggest killer (400,000 deaths per year) ALCOHOL: most widely abused legal substance PRESCRIPTION DRUGS METHAMPHETAMINE MARAJUANA: most widely abused illegal substance MDMA (ECSTASY) CRACK COCAINE HEROIN STEROIDS INHALANTS

15 TOBACCO 3000 teens a day start smoking 1,000,000 a year 60% of high school seniors have tried

16 Nearly all smokers start between the ages of Nearly none start after 20

17 ALCOHOL

18 Data as recently as 4/25 indicate that alcohol remains the most common reason for substance abuse treatment

19 Its use is associated with about 40% of the 43,000 traffic deaths that occur yearly madd

20 ALCOHOL The average age when kids first try alcohol is 11 years for boys and 13 years for girls. The average age at which Americans begin drinking regularly is 15.9 years old. 80% of high schoolers have tried alcohol

21 It has been estimated that over three million teenagers are out-and-out alcoholics. Several million more have a serious drinking problem that they cannot manage on their own.

22 If a teen starts to drink at 15, he has a 40% chance of alcoholism as an adult

23 There is a genetic risk for addiction, like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer

24 PRESCRIPTION DRUGS Frequency of abuse is increasing Most commonly abused Opioids: used to treat pain CNS depressants: used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders Stimulants: used for ADHD

25 In 1999, 4 million people were using prescription drugs non medically 2.6 million pain relievers 1.3 million sedatives and tranquilizers 0.9 million stimulants The sharpest increase in new users was year olds Girls were more likely than boys to abuse in this age group, especially the depressants and tranquilizers NA/AA recovery zone

26 These are often stolen from parents or obtained from physicians

27 Opoids Referred to as “narcotics” Morphine Codeine OxyContin Darvon Vicodin Dilaudid demerol

28 CNS depressants Barbituates used for anxiety, tension, sleep disorders pentobarbitol Benzodiazapines anxiety, stress, panic attacks, sleep disorders valium, xanax, libruim,

29 Stimulants Used for ADD and obesity Dexedrine Ritalin adderall

30 METHAMPHETAMINE A chemical variation of amphetamine, or “speed” with a much stronger effect on the brain It is extremely addictive and difficult to quit

31 Crystal meth is a popular form of methamphetamine produced by easily by mixing several ingredients pseudoephedrine (a cold remedy) paint thinner ammonia ether Drano lithium from batteries

32 CRYSTAL METH $150 investment can yield $10,000 worth of the drug Is easily made in home labs Is the most popular form of the drug Frequently used in the rave scene Dealers will give out free samples in order to hook new customers

33 Use causes an immediate “rush” which is intense, short lived, and can lead to rapid addiction Can cause permanent brain damage and death

34 More teens are in treatment for marijuana than for all other drugs combined MARIJUANA

35 Marijuana paraphernalia

36 It’s not “only marijuana” any more. More potent Younger kids using and experimenting

37 There is no way to know which experimenters will go onto addiction, and which will not

38 Club drugs

39 Ecstasy Has stimulant (amphetamine) and hallucinogenic (LSD) like properties Introduced to increase empathy between couples in marriage therapy Available in pill, suppository, injectable, and inhaled form 250 cases in 1994, 2850 in 1999 Increases heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, brain damage and death Often associated with involuntary teeth clenching Drug Abuse warning network

40 Ketamine Used as a sedative in animals and humans Causes dream like states Popular at raves Liquid, powder, or smoked 19 cases in 1994, 396 in 1999 Drug abuse warning network

41 GHB A depressant One of the date rape drugs Initially available in health food stores as a muscle builder Looks like water Can be powder or capsule Added to alcohol 55 cases in cases in 1999 Drug abuse warning network

42 Rohypnol Valium like “roofies” another date rape drug Can cause 8-24 hours of amnesia No longer available in the US, but available in Mexico and overseas 13 cases in 1994, 624 in 1998, 540 in 1999 Drug abuse warning network

43 COCAINE Highly addictive Inhaled, injected or smoked Remarkably prevalent in our community

44 CRACK COCAINE Cocaine that been processed to be smoked

45 Cocaine pipe, dish scrub, lighter

46 Inhalants Cheap and readily available in the home Paint thinners, art supplies, dry cleaning fluids Butane, propane, whipping cream aerosols, hair sprays, deodorants Effects are like getting drunk

47 WHAT’S A PARENT TO DO?

48 Kids themselves say that losing their parents’ trust and respect are the most important reasons not to use drugs

49 National Center on Addiction and Drug Abuse, 8/05 Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse Joseph Califano Jr., former Secretary of HEW “...survey reveals that teen perceptions of immorality, parental disapproval and harm to health are far more powerful deterrents to teen smoking, drinking and drug use than legal restrictions on the purchase of cigarettes and alcohol or the illegality of using drugs like marijuana, LSD, cocaine and heroin.”

50 Children who were warned about alcohol by their parents and children who reported being closer to their parents were less likely to start drinking. Lack of parental support, monitoring, and communication have been significantly related to frequency of drinking, heavy drinking, and drunkenness among adolescents.parental support, monitoring, and communication

51 “Parent Power is the most effective way to discourage teen drug use......Parents, you cannot outsource your role to law enforcement.” Joseph Califano, Jr.

52 PARENTS NEED TO TALK WITH THEIR CHILDREN ABOUT WHAT’S HAPPENING. If we are in touch with what’s going on in their lives, we are more likely to recognize changes that might indicate substance abuse

53 PERSONALITY Seems depressed and less out-going than usual Is secretive and lies about what he is doing and where he is going Is stealing or “losing” possessions he used to value Becomes disrespectful—is verbally and physically abusive Is angry a lot, acts paranoid or confused, or suffers from extreme mood swings Seems to have a lot of money, or is always asking for money Withdraws from the family and family activities

54 Physical appearance Not taking care of hygiene and grooming Not sleeping or sleeping too much Loss of appetite Weight loss or weight gain Too hyperactive or too little energy

55 SOCIAL ACTIVITY/SCHOOL PERFORMANCE: Drops old friends and activities Is skipping school Loses interest in school work and is getting low grades Is sleeping in class Loses concentration and is having trouble remembering things

56 Good luck to all of us


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