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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Presentation on theme: "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland."— Presentation transcript:

1 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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4 Flag description: CIA World Fact Book “blue field with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) edged in white superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which is superimposed on the diagonal white cross of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland); properly known as the Union Flag, but commonly called the Union Jack; the design and colors (especially the Blue Ensign) have been the basis for a number of other flags including other Commonwealth countries and their constituent states or provinces, as well as British overseas territories “

5 The U.K.: The Basics CIA, World Fact Book, 2005): “Great Britain, the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century, played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two World Wars. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy; it currently is weighing the degree of its integration with continental Europe. A member of the EU, it chose to remain outside the Economic and Monetary Union for the time being. Constitutional reform is also a significant issue in the UK. The Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established in 1999, but the latter is suspended due to bickering over the peace process”

6 The U.K.: The Basics 1. We know about the consensus period ( ) and the reaction: a) The Thatcher Revolution b) The Blair Revolution/Devolution 2. Question: How is Great Britain doing? a) Let’s take a minute to see

7 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: a. Britain is a Constitutional Monarchy with no written Constitution (1) But how are rights protected? b. Current population is 60.4M (CIA, 2005)—one of the most densely populated places on earth…3 rd largest population in the EU c. Infant mortality is amongst the lowest on the planet (5.22/1000 live births) and literacy (100%) and life expectancy (78.2) are amongst the highest on the planet (State Department, 2005)

8 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: d. We also know that Britain is a two party dominant system with the Labor Party currently in power, Tony Blair is P.M. and the Conservatives are the main opposition party (Michael Howard is the leader) May 5, 2005 Election Results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - seats by party - Labor 356, Conservative 197, Liberal Democrat 62, other 31

9 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: e. Major Ethnic Groups: white (English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001 census)

10 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: f. Major Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census)

11 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: g. Economy: According to McCormick (2005), Charles Hauss (2005), the CIA World Fact Book (2005) and most other experts, The UK is one of the leading economies in the world and the fastest growing economy in the EU…it is a fast growing, low inflation (1.4%), low unemployment (4.8%), job producing economy (3.4% growth, 2004)  unlike the economies in France and Germany among others

12 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: g. Economy: Let’s take a look at some of the key stats… g. Economy: Let’s take a look at some of the key stats… (1) GDP: $1.782 trillion (2004 est.) (2) GDP Growth: 3.2% (2004 est.) (3) GDP per capita: $29,600 (2004 est.) (4) GDP per sector: agriculture: 1% industry: 26.3% services: 72.7% (2004 est.)

13 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: g. Economy: Let’s take a look at some of the key stats… g. Economy: Let’s take a look at some of the key stats… (5) Labor force: 29.8M (2004) (6) Population below poverty line (similar to in U.S.) = 17%/10.2M (2002 est.) (7) Minimum Wage (converted to U.S. $) a) Adult (22 and up) = $7.50 (2005) b) Development Rate (18-21) = $6.60 c) Minors (16-17) = $4.50

14 The U.K.: The Basics 2. According to the State Department, CIA and other (cited) sources: g. Economy: Let’s take a look at some of the key stats… (8) Internet users: 25 million (2002)…about 41.3% of population

15 The U.K.: The Basics 3. In sum… a. Generally, I think it is accurate to describe The U.K. as a prosperous, stable, Liberal Democracy b. And while it is no longer the dominant hegemonic Great Power it once was in its heyday, it is still a leading global military (one of 7 to 8 countries with nukes), economic and political power, especially now that it has literally become America’s most reliable and powerful junior partner in its quest to fight international terrorism, bring democracy to Iraq, and spread the benefits of freedom and capitalism to all (Noam Chomsky, 2005)…just kidding on the Chomsky reference…

16 If you want to become a British citizen:


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