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1 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems

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2 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems California Standard: Algebra and Functions 2.1 Convert one unit of measurement to another (for example, from feet to miles, from centimeters to inches). What it means for you: You’ll convert between the customary and metric unit systems. Key words: customary system metric system conversion

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3 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems So far, you’ve converted metric units to other metric units, and customary units to other customary units. This Lesson, you’ll use conversion tables for converting between the two unit systems. You’ll see that all the techniques from the previous Lessons work in exactly the same way in this Lesson too.

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4 Use the Conversion Tables to Help You Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems The tables below show conversion factors you can use to convert between customary and metric units. Customary to Metric 1 inch (in.) = 2.54 cm 1 foot (ft) = cm 1 yard (yd) = 0.91 m 1 mile (mi) = 1.61 km Metric to Customary 1 cm = 0.39 inches (in.) 1 cm = feet (ft) 1 m = 1.09 yards (yd) 1 km = 0.62 miles (mi)

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5 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems So you only really need one of the conversion tables. If you know the conversion factors in one table, you can use them to convert from metric to customary or from customary to metric. You can convert feet to centimeters by multiplying by (to give you a bigger number, since feet are bigger than centimeters). Customary to Metric 1 inch (in.) = 2.54 cm 1 foot (ft) = cm 1 yard (yd) = 0.91 m 1 mile (mi) = 1.61 km But you can also convert feet to centimeters by dividing by (which also gives you a bigger number, since is less than 1). Metric to Customary 1 cm = 0.39 inches (in.) 1 cm = feet (ft) 1 m = 1.09 yards (yd) 1 km = 0.62 miles (mi)

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6 Example 1 Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 10 km to miles. Solution There are two ways you could use the tables to get your answer. (i)Multiply by 0.62 (to get a smaller number, since miles are a bigger unit than kilometers). (ii)Divide by So 10 km = 10 ÷ 1.61 miles = 6.21 miles (to 2 decimal places) So 10 km = 10 × 0.62 miles = 6.2 miles

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7 Example 2 Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 1 mile to meters. Solution From the table, you can see that 1 mile is 1.61 km. And you’ve already seen that to convert kilometers to meters you multiply by So 1 mile = 1.61 × 1000 meters = 1610 meters. Customary to Metric 1 inch (in.) = 2.54 cm 1 foot (ft) = cm 1 yard (yd) = 0.91 m 1 mile (mi) = 1.61 km

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8 ÷ 12 ÷ 10 ÷ 2.54 or × 0.39 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems This diagram might be helpful for some conversion questions. × 1.61 or ÷ 0.62 ÷ 1.61 or × 0.62 × 1000 ÷ 1000 × 1.09 or ÷ 0.91 ÷ 1.09 or × 0.91 × 3 ÷ 3 × 12 × 2.54 or ÷ 0.39 × 10

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9 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Most of the conversion factors for converting between metric and customary systems are only approximations. Most of them are only given to two decimal places. This means your answer won’t always be exact. You can sometimes get slightly different answers if you do the question in different ways.

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10 Example 3 Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 1 yard into meters by: Solution (i)Do the conversion in three stages: (i)converting yards to inches, inches to centimeters, and then centimeters to meters, (ii)using the conversion factor 0.91, (iii)using the conversion factor )yards to inches: 1 yard = 36 inches 2)inches to cm: 36 inches = 36 × 2.54 cm = cm 3)cm to meters: cm = ÷ 100 m = m Comment on your answers. Solution continues…

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11 Example 3 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 1 yard into meters by: Solution (continued) (ii)1 meter is slightly bigger than a yard, so multiply by 0.91 to make your number smaller. (i)converting yards to inches, inches to centimeters, and then centimeters to meters, (ii)using the conversion factor 0.91, (iii)using the conversion factor yard = 1 × 0.91 m = 0.91 m Comment on your answers. Solution continues…

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12 Example 3 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 1 yard into meters by: Solution (continued) (iii)Divide by 1.09 to make the number bigger. (i)converting yards to inches, inches to centimeters, and then centimeters to meters, (ii)using the conversion factor 0.91, (iii)using the conversion factor yard = 1 ÷ 1.09 m = … m The three answers are slightly different. This is because the conversion factors used are only approximations. Comment on your answers.

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13 Guided Practice Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert the following: 1.6 meters to yards yards to meters 3.3 feet to centimeters 4.2 miles to meters 5.2 kilometers to yards 6.6 inches to millimeters 7.9 yards to centimeters 8.24 feet to dekameters 1 m = 1.09 yd, so 6 × 1.09 = 6.54 yards 1 yd = 0.91 m, so 18 × 0.91 = m 1 ft = cm, so 3 × = cm 1 mi = 1.61 km, so 2 × 1.61 = 3.22 km 1 km = 1000 m, so 3.22 × 1000 = 3220 m 1 km = 1000 m, so 2 × 1000 = 2000 m 1 m = 1.09 yd, so 2000 × 1.09 = 2180 yd 1 in = 2.54 cm, so 6 × 2.54 = cm 1 cm = 10 mm, so × 10 = mm 1 yd = 0.91 m, so 9 × 0.91 = 8.19 m 1 m = 100 cm, so 8.19 × 100 = 819 cm 1 ft = cm, so 24 × = cm 1 cm = dam, so × = dam

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14 Guided Practice Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems 9.Josh runs a marathon of 26 miles and 385 yards. How far is this in kilometers? 26 × = 46,145 yd 10.A boat race is 4 miles and 374 yards. How long is the race in meters? = 46,145 × 0.91 ÷ 1000 km = km (to 2 d.p.) 4 × = 7414 yd = 7414 × 0.91 m = m (to 2 d.p.)

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15 You Can Use Proportions Too Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems The examples so far have been done by reasoning whether to multiply or divide by the conversion factor. But you could do them using proportions if you prefer. Just use the numbers in the conversion tables as ratios.

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16 Example 4 Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 10 km to miles. Solution This is the same as Example 1, but this time it’s done with proportions. As always when using proportions, you need two ratios. ● The first ratio of miles to kilometers comes from the table: 1 : 1.61, or ● The second ratio involves the measurement you want to convert. Call the converted distance d miles. The ratio is: d : 10, or d 10 Solution continues…

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17 Example 4 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 10 km to miles. Solution (continued) Now write a proportion and solve by cross-multiplication: d 10 = Cross-multiply 1.61 d = 10 Divide both sides by 1.61 d = 10 ÷ 1.61 d = 6.21 miles (to 2 decimal places) Ratios: and d 10

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18 Guided Practice Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert the following using proportions: meters to yards miles to meters yards to meters feet to centimeters Call the converted distance x yd, So, x = 10.9 yd x =Call the converted distance x m, So, x = 2.73 m x =Call the converted distance x cm, So, x = cm x =Call the converted distance x m, So, x = 8211 m x =

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19 Convert Weight and Time in Exactly the Same Way Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems So far, you’ve only looked at converting lengths. But you can convert time and weight (and most other kinds of quantities) in exactly the same way. You just need to know the conversion factor.

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20 Example 5 Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Convert 1 hour to seconds. Solution Do this in two stages — hours to minutes, and then minutes to seconds. There are 60 minutes in an hour, and 60 seconds in a minute, so the conversion factor for both stages is 60. 1)Minutes are a smaller unit than hours, so multiply by 60 to get a bigger number: 1 hour = 1 × 60 = 60 minutes 2)Seconds are a smaller unit than minutes, so again multiply by 60: 60 minutes = 60 × 60 = 3600 seconds

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21 Guided Practice Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Use the information below to convert the quantities that follow liters to gallons 1 kg = 2.2 lb, so 3 × 2.2 = 6.6 lb 1 kg = 2.2 lb, 1 gallon = 3.79 liters 15.3 kg to lb lb to kilograms 17.7 gallons to liters 1 lb = (1 ÷ 2.2) kg = kg, so 16 × = 7.27 kg 1 gallon = 3.79 liters, so 7 × 3.79 = liters 1 liter = (1 ÷ 3.79) gallons = gallons, so 44 × = gallons

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22 Independent Practice Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems In Exercises 1–6, find the missing length. Give your answers to 2 decimal places in. = ? cm mm = ? in yd = ? m m = ? in cm = ? yd6. 45 ft = ? m The length of a model plane is 56 inches. How long is the model in meters? 1.42 m (to 2 decimal places)

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23 Independent Practice Solution follows… Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems 8.Michaela and Ricky are each trying to guess how many feet are in a kilometer. Michaela guessed 3000 and Ricky guessed Whose guess was closest to the correct number of feet? Actual answer is 3281 (to nearest whole number) so Ricky is (slightly) closer. 9.How many kilometers are there in 215,820 inches? 10.The dimensions of Zak’s bedroom are 5 ft × 8 ft. What are the dimensions of his room in meters? 5.48 km (to 2 decimal places) 1.52 m × 2.44 m (both to 2 decimal places)

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24 Lesson Converting Between Unit Systems Round Up You’ve now seen how to convert between different unit systems of length. And if you can do that, you can also convert pretty much anything else you want. For example, you might want to convert dollars to some other currency if you travel overseas.

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