Presentation on theme: "APUSH Review: Key Concept 1.2 (The Columbian Exchange)"— Presentation transcript:
1 APUSH Review: Key Concept 1.2 (The Columbian Exchange) Period 1:APUSH Review: Key Concept 1.2 (The Columbian Exchange)Everything You Need To Know About Key Concept 1.2 and The Columbian Exchange To Succeed In APUSH
2 The New Curriculum and The Columbian Exchange Key Concept 1.2 “European overseas expansion resulted in the Columbian Exchange, a series of interactions and adaptations among societies across the Atlantic.”Page 24 of the Curriculum frameworkThe Columbian Exchange revolutionized life in the Americas, Europe, and Africa.Key Concept 1.2, I: “The arrival of Europeans in the Western Hemisphere in the 15th and 16th centuries triggered extensive demographic and social changes on both sides of the Atlantic.”Big Ideas:What were positives and negatives of the Columbian Exchange on both hemispheres?What were reasons that led to European exploration?
3 The Columbian Exchange What was it?The exchange of plants, animals, culture, humans, diseases, etc. between the Americas, Europe, and AfricaExamples of goods:Americas to Europe and Africa: potatoes, maize (corn), tomatoesEurope to the Americas: wheat, rice, horses, chickens, oxenImpact of exchange?In Europe and Asia: massive population growth due to new foodIn Africa: Spanish and Portuguese used Africans from West Africa to be used as slaves in the AmericasIn the Americas: spread of diseases (smallpox), social classes (Mestizos), horse transformed Native life (made hunting easier), Encomienda system
4 Key Concept 1.2, II“European expansion into the Western Hemisphere caused intense social/religious, political, and economic competition in Europe and the promotion of empire building.”Page 24 of the Curriculum frameworkWhat drove European exploration and conquest?3 G’s – Gold, Glory, GospelTo spread Christianity – SpainMoney and food from the Americas led to population growth in Europe and helped shift the economy to capitalismJoint-stock companies – used to raise $ for explorationsUsed in Jamestown (1607)New technology aided exploration:Sextant – could be used to find exact position on earth – more precise sailing
5 Test Tips Multiple-Choice Questions and Short Answer: Essay Questions: Be familiar with the impacts of the Columbian Exchange – not just foodIncrease in world trade, permanently connecting two hemispheresIdentify specific goods and their impacts – horse and potatoImpact on Africans – drastic growth in slaveryEssay Questions:Not likely since it is from period 1
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