Presentation on theme: "APUSH Review: Key Concept 1.2 (The Columbian Exchange)"— Presentation transcript:
1APUSH Review: Key Concept 1.2 (The Columbian Exchange) Period 1:APUSH Review: Key Concept 1.2 (The Columbian Exchange)Everything You Need To Know About Key Concept 1.2 and The Columbian Exchange To Succeed In APUSH
2The New Curriculum and The Columbian Exchange Key Concept 1.2 “European overseas expansion resulted in the Columbian Exchange, a series of interactions and adaptations among societies across the Atlantic.”Page 24 of the Curriculum frameworkThe Columbian Exchange revolutionized life in the Americas, Europe, and Africa.Key Concept 1.2, I: “The arrival of Europeans in the Western Hemisphere in the 15th and 16th centuries triggered extensive demographic and social changes on both sides of the Atlantic.”Big Ideas:What were positives and negatives of the Columbian Exchange on both hemispheres?What were reasons that led to European exploration?
3The Columbian Exchange What was it?The exchange of plants, animals, culture, humans, diseases, etc. between the Americas, Europe, and AfricaExamples of goods:Americas to Europe and Africa: potatoes, maize (corn), tomatoesEurope to the Americas: wheat, rice, horses, chickens, oxenImpact of exchange?In Europe and Asia: massive population growth due to new foodIn Africa: Spanish and Portuguese used Africans from West Africa to be used as slaves in the AmericasIn the Americas: spread of diseases (smallpox), social classes (Mestizos), horse transformed Native life (made hunting easier), Encomienda system
4Key Concept 1.2, II“European expansion into the Western Hemisphere caused intense social/religious, political, and economic competition in Europe and the promotion of empire building.”Page 24 of the Curriculum frameworkWhat drove European exploration and conquest?3 G’s – Gold, Glory, GospelTo spread Christianity – SpainMoney and food from the Americas led to population growth in Europe and helped shift the economy to capitalismJoint-stock companies – used to raise $ for explorationsUsed in Jamestown (1607)New technology aided exploration:Sextant – could be used to find exact position on earth – more precise sailing
5Test Tips Multiple-Choice Questions and Short Answer: Essay Questions: Be familiar with the impacts of the Columbian Exchange – not just foodIncrease in world trade, permanently connecting two hemispheresIdentify specific goods and their impacts – horse and potatoImpact on Africans – drastic growth in slaveryEssay Questions:Not likely since it is from period 1
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