Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 – The Road to Independence"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 5 – The Road to Independence 8.H.5. The ideas of the Enlightenment and dissatisfaction with colonial rule led English colonists to write the Declaration of Independence and launch the American Revolution
2 Boycott – to refuse to buy items from a particular country 8.H.5. The ideas of the Enlightenment and dissatisfaction with colonial rule led English colonists to write the Declaration of Independence and launch the American RevolutionBoycott – to refuse to buy items from a particular countryLoyalists – American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independenceMinutemen – companies of civilian soldiers who boasted that they were ready to fight on a minute’s noticePatriots – American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was wonPetition – a formal requestPeamble – an introduction to a formal document, especially the ConstitutionPropaganda – ideas or information designed and spread to influence opinionRepeal – to cancel an act or lawResolution – a formal expression of opinionWrits of Assistance – legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled
3 July 1775 – Congress Sends Olive Branch Petition June 17, 1775 – Battle of Bunker Hill1773 – Boston Tea PartyProclamation of 1763May 10, 1775 – Second Continental Congress Meets1765 – Parliament enacts Stamp Act1770 – Boston MassacreApril 19, 1775 – Battles of Lexington and Concord17601765177017751780July 4, 1776 – Declaration of IndependenceParliament passes Sugar Act1774 – Coercive (Intolerable) Acts1767 – Townshend Act taxes colonial imports1774 – First Continental Congress Meets
4 In light of yesterdays lockdown, Buckeye Valley Middle School is implementing more stringent search policies of student possessions. Drug use is something that will not be tolerated at BV and as a result, a thorough search of student book bags will be conducted at the beginning of each class. From now on, you will be required to bring your book bag to class so the classroom teacher may conduct searches.
5 Protesting the stamp act sneakers are now under a tax Protesting the stamp act sneakers are now under a tax. If you are wearing sneakers please see the tax collector to pay for your stamp.Stamp Act – Tax on every piece of paper from legal documents to newspapers to playing cards.Virginia assembly passes a resolution (14) declaring only they had the right to tax the Virginia citizens.Boston – Samuel Adams helps start the Sons of LibertyThroughout the summer of 1765, protestors harassed British tax collectors with the goal of pressuring them into resignationEffigiesRansacked and houses belonging to royal officialsTar and featheringLiberty Tree
6 Protesting stamp act (cont. ) iphones are now under a tax Protesting stamp act (cont.) iphones are now under a tax. If you own an iphone please see your tax collector to purchase a stamp for your phoneIn colonial cities, people refused to use the stampsMerchants boycotted (21) British and European goodsBritish merchants lost so much business they begged Parliament to repeal (4) the Stamp Act
7 Britain repeals stamp act Tshirts are now a taxable item Britain repeals stamp act Tshirts are now a taxable item. If you are wearing a tshirt, go see the tax collector to pay your tax.February 1766, Britain repealed (17) the Stamp ActDamage was done – colonists no longer trust British governmentParliament does not give up easily – Pass the Declaratory Act of which stated Parliament had the right to tax and make decision for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”
8 Daughters of Liberty julian is the spy Throughout the colonies, women organized groups to support the boycott (9)of British goods. Called themselves Daughters of LibertyUrged colonists to wear homemade fabrics and produce goods that were only available from BritainGoal: Make colonies economically independent
9 Boston massacreAs a result of the colonists behavior in Boston, Britain sends two regiments (700 men) of British troops to maintain orderArrive on October 1, 1768When was the Stamp Act repealed? (10)Fights between soldiers and colonists raise tensions in BostonMarch 5, 1770 – An altercation between colonists and British soldiers at a customs house turns deadlyBritish soldiers fire into the crowd killing five people
10 The time machine (mad lib) There once was a gullible, nasty boy named Brandon that loved to watch television. He did not love television for shows or movies, he loved it for the advertisements. Every time he saw an ad for macaroni pasta he would run around petland, shove nuclear missles in his neck, and beg his mom and dad if they would buy him the once in a lifetime product. His parents knew they were wasting their money, but Bob was their only son and they wanted him to be happy. One night, Bob was up late squatting with his pet snake and watching tv when he saw an advertisement for a time machine. Bob begged and pleaded his parents saying, “Pineapple!” But even his parents thought they might be going too far this time. Bob was not used to his parents saying no and did not respond well. “But- it has fat turtles and a built in walmart to protect me from bunnies or other lifeless things I might run into!” When Bob’s parents refused he struggled to the store and bought the time machine anyway. When he got home, he sleeping open the spicy box only to find 68 sticky dinosaurs and a bag of steak. Needless to say, Bob was disappointed.
14 propagandaColonists used Boston Massacre’s killings as propaganda (22)An engraving by Paul Revere spread throughout the colonies through mail system (Carrying messages on horseback)Created a strong anti-British feelingLed to stronger boycotts (2) on British goods
15 Boston tea partyAs a result of Boston Massacre and stronger boycotts, Britain repealed (11) all taxes except for tax on tea1773 Tea Act – Gave East India Company right to ship tea directly to colonies instead of colonial merchants, making their tea cheaper than anyone elseGoal was to take business away from colonial merchants and get colonists to pay taxIn all ports except Boston, colonists able to convince ship captains to return to BritainDecember 1773 – Three ships delivered British tea to Boston. The royal governor would not allow the ships to go back without being unloaded but the colonists refused to unload the teaDecember 16th, Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Indians and boarded this ships at night, dumping 342 crates of the tea into the harbor
16 Coercive acts (Intolerable acts) As a result of the Boston Tea Party, Britain punished colonies by passing Coercive Acts in 1774Closed Boston Harbor until they paid for the teaPrevented the arrival of food and other suppliesTook away colonial rightsProhibited town meetingsForced Bostonians to shelter British soldiers in their homes
17 First continental congress I am watching you all First continental congress I am watching you all. You cannot escape - spySeptember 1774, fifty-six delegates from all colonies except Georgia met in PhiladelphiaThey drafted a statement calling for repeal of laws placed on colonies by BritainVoted to boycott (3) all British goods and tradeResolution (7) passed to form militias (25)
18 Midnight rideApril 1775, British General Thomas Gage commanded 3,000 soldiers in and around BostonReceived orders to take away the Massachusetts militias’ stockpile of weapons in Concord, MassachusettsOn the night of April 18, 1775, Dr. Joseph Warren was monitoring British troop activity in Boston and saw regiment of 700 men form ranks and march out of the cityHe alerted Paul Revere and William Dawes, leaders of the Sons of LibertyThey traveled the countryside on horseback alerting militia that the British were coming
19 Lexington and concord70 Minutemen (13) led by Captain John Parker meet British troops at Lexington.Unidentified shot is fired and both sides fire on one anotherAmerican Revolution has begunEight minutemen (18) killedBritish continue to Concord and find most of colonial weapons have been removedOn their way back to Boston, reinforcements of militia tail British troops and cause heavy casualties (73 dead / more than 200 wounded)
23 Bunker HillJune 16, 1775, 1,200 militia under Colonel William Prescott fortified Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill across from Boston HarborBritish troops charged up the hill three times and were turned back each timeEventually, militia ran out of gunpowder and had to retreatMore than 1,000 British were killed or woundedWake up call to British that defeating the colonists would not be as easy as they expected.
24 Second continental congress Assembled in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775.All 13 colonies sent delegatesIncluding Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington, Ben Franklin, and Thomas JeffersonDecisions:Authorized printing of money and post officeEstablished ambassadors to communicate with Native Americans and other countriesCreated the Continental Army (Unanimous vote for Washington to lead)
25 Olive Branch PetitionContinental Congress sent out petition (15) to Britain saying they desired peaceWanted the king to assure them of their rights, which they felt the British government (Parliament) was trying to take away without the king’s full knowledgeKing George III refused the petition, and hired 30,000 German troops to help prepare for war.
26 Thomas Paine / Common Sense January 1776, Thomas Paine published a pamphlet called Common SenseSold 120,000 copies within three monthsCalled for independence from BritainInspired thousands of Americans
27 Independence Committee of five men chosen to create declaration Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Roger Sherman, and Robert LivingstonJefferson wrote first draft in seventeen daysContinental Congress approved final version on July 4, 1776
28 Go to Buckeye Valley homepage Click classrooms (on the sidebar on the left)Scroll down to Mr. Skalko’s page. Click it.Under “My Classrooms” click Social StudiesIn the “Weekly Resources” section, click Choose Your Own AdventureGo through the PP and fill out the corresponding worksheet