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The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald Published in 1925 Background Information.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald Published in 1925 Background Information."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald Published in 1925 Background Information

2 Prohibition Forbidding of the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages. Amendment 18, Prohibition of Liquor, passed in 1919 Amendment 21, Repeal of Prohibition, passed in 1933

3 Roaring Twenties Despite the law, the 1920’s era became known for its illegal activities (bootlegging, speakeasies) Called the Roaring Twenties for its emphasis on excitement and wild living

4 Crime Prohibition gave many gangs and underworld figures opportunity to become established in black market dealings and illegal production of liquor (bootlegging) Speakeasies (illegal bars) were common and successful

5 The Great Depression Began with Stock Market Crash in 1929 Diverted attention from liquor problem to economic one People suggested that new source of taxes could be those on alcohol

6 Customs of the Times Smoking Betting laws No air-conditioning Common use and availability of trains Relative newness of the automobile Absence of the civil rights laws Women referred to by their husbands’ names: Daisy Buchanan is known formally as Mrs. Tom Buchanan

7 The Great Gatsby Recounts lifestyles of wealthy on East Coast during 1920’s Homes along Long Island Sound own the beach in front of their property Servants: Nick has a Finnish woman who cooks and cleans for him; Buchanans have a butler

8 1919 World Series Meyer Wolfsheim, Gatsby’s underworld connection - patterned after real-life Arnold Rothstein, gambler and mobster allegedly responsible for fixing the 1919 World Series. The Chicago White Sox agreed to throw series in exchange for money Black Sox Scandal - team referred to as the Black Sox after the series because they were accused of damaging the image of their team players banned from game for life

9 World War I Nick and Gatsby comment on their role in the army in World War I – Nick says he was in the Ninth Machine-Gun Battalion in France – Gatsby tells Nick he was a captain and, following the battles in Argonne in France, took command of a machine-gun division.


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