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A Nation Dividing. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850  Required all citizens to help catch runaways  Enforcement of the law led to mounting anger in the North.

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Presentation on theme: "A Nation Dividing. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850  Required all citizens to help catch runaways  Enforcement of the law led to mounting anger in the North."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Nation Dividing

2 Fugitive Slave Act of 1850  Required all citizens to help catch runaways  Enforcement of the law led to mounting anger in the North  Antislavery groups tried to rescue African Americans who were being pursued or to free those who were captured  Northern juries refused to convict

3 Underground Railroad Conductor- posed as a slave They would travel miles to a “safe house” Quilts- helped slaves escape Lanterns and other means helped the runaways find their way

4 Where do I go now? Code WordsPhrases Baggage: Fugitive slaves carried by the Underground Railroad worker Forwarding: Taking escaping slaves from one Heaven: Canada. It was called Heaven because when they got there, they would escape all slavery, and it would be like Heaven to them. Moses: Harriet Tubman. She was Moses because, like Moses, she helped her people escape slavery on the Underground Railroad Drinking Gourd: The North Star. They knew they should always follow the Drinking Gourd because it led the way to the North where the would be free. Freedom Train: The Underground Railroad "The river bank makes a mighty good road": This told slaves that if they were to try and escape, they should walk in the river because dogs couldn't track their scents through water. "The dead trees will show you the way": A reminder to slaves that, if the North Star wasn't visible, moss grew only on the north side of dead trees, so they could tell which way to walk. "Left foot, peg foot": Footprints left by a wooden-legged UGRR worker as guidelines to the path to freedom.

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8 Hello Camera Joseph Nicephore Niepce 1825 The camera changed the way people viewed history People were hired to travel around taking pictures. How could this invention change the media?

9 Slave ads With a partner: Read a provided slave ad What does it say? What is being described? What would it be like to be a bounty hunter? Do you think these ads are accurate? Your group will present to the class what you have discovered.

10 Kansas-Nebraska Act Franklin Pierce became president in 1853 "doughface" -a Northerner with Southern sympathiesdoughface Kansas and Nebraska were going to become free because of LOCATION LOCATION LOCATION Upset the balance

11 Repeal the Missouri Compromise What would this mean?

12 Can someone help? Division GrowsConflict in Kansas Northern Democrats in the House split on the vote Compromise with the South was no longer possible Election in Kansas Border ruffians Is Kansas Free or Slave?

13 Trouble in Kansas Antislavery people refused to accept these laws They armed themselves, held their own elections, and adopted a constitution. Rival governments in Kansas What are they? President Pierce and the Senate favored proslavery government House backed those opposed to slavery Slavery supporters attacked the antislavery town of Lawrence- burned buildings and the capitol

14 “Bleeding Kansas” John Brown Believed God had chosen him to end slavery Vowed to strike terror in the hearts of the proslavery people Killed 5 proslavery supporters in the Pottawatomie Creek massacre. He is sometimes memorialized as a heroic martyr and a visionary and sometimes as a madman and a terrorist.

15 Ouch that hurt Brooks-Sumner incident Violence that erupted in Kansas spilled over to Congress Charles Sumner of Mass. gave a speech that lashed out against proslavery Days after the speech Preston Brooks hit Sumner again and again over the head and shoulders with a cane. Slavery was becoming not only an issue on the streets, but in the government


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