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1754-1774.  North American theater of the Spanish Succession War  The War was fought on three fronts in North America  The treaty of Utretch ends the.

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Presentation on theme: "1754-1774.  North American theater of the Spanish Succession War  The War was fought on three fronts in North America  The treaty of Utretch ends the."— Presentation transcript:

1 1754-1774

2  North American theater of the Spanish Succession War  The War was fought on three fronts in North America  The treaty of Utretch ends the was in 1713

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4  North American theater of the War of Austrian Succession  The War of Jenkin’s Ear  Britain enters war because of their alliance to Austria and indifference towards France which is allied with Prussia

5  During Queen Anne’s War and King George’s War the Iroquois maintained a neutrality policy  By 1750, Natives faced a greater threat of settler invasion and environmental transformation from the English

6  1754 meeting in Albany, New York to discuss better relationship with Natives  Benjamin Franklin proposes an “Albany Plan of Union”  The plan was rejected by the colonies

7  Britain declared war on France in 1756 initiating the first world wide war  Despite the war colonists supplied minimal materials and men to the British war effort and many merchants continued trading with the French  Treaty of Paris (1763) France ceded its major North American holdings to Britain.

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13  The collapse of New France was bad news for the Natives because they couldn’t pit the British against the French  Cherokee situation in South Carolina  Neolin calls for a uniting of Native Americans  Paxton Boys attack Native Americans

14  Neolin was a Lenni Lenape native American prophet  Adapted Christian ideas selectively to update native traditions  Proclaimed that Indians were suppose to resist colonial innovations like alcohol and cession of lands

15  Designated a temporary boundary for colonial settlement  Upset many colonists who had settled West of the Appalachians  The purpose of the boundary was to allow an orderly and lawful extension into the newly acquired territory

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17  Became King of England in 1760  Sought to assert the power of the monarchy  Known as the “King who lost America”

18  Became Prime Minister in 1763  Tried to bring public spending under control  Believed America should pay a larger share of the empire’s cost because they directly benefited from wartime expenditures

19  American colonists believed they could be represented only by men who lived nearby and for whom they actually voted.  Parliament believed they represented all British subjects including the colonists

20  Believed that a good government was one that largely left them alone  Stressed the dangers inherent in a powerful government, specifically a monarchy  Warned people to guard constantly against governments attempted encroachments on their liberty and property

21  Sugar Act (1764) sought to raise revenues by taxing colonial imports, specifically sugar.  Currency Act (1764) outlawed colonial paper money  Stamp Act (1765) required tax stamps on printed materials

22  Colonial pamphlet protesting the Acts  Contended that Parliament could not tax the colonies because there was only virtual representation  Proposed colonial representation and to reluctantly but loyally pay the Stamp Act

23  Colonists did not forfeit their rights as British subjects  Virginia House of Burgesses had exclusive right to tax Virginians  Virginians did not have to obey tax laws passed by other legislative bodies

24  Linked protest leaders resisting the Stamp Act throughout the colonies from New Hampshire to South Carolina  Composed of merchants, lawyers, and prosperous tradesmen  The Sons of Liberty came together as elites and wanted an organized protest

25  Stamp Act was repealed in March 1766 by the new Prime Minister Lord Rockingham  But attached to the repeal was the Declaratory Act that affirmed parliamentary power to legislate and tax Britain’s American possessions

26  A series of laws named after Charles Townshend who was an ally of Grenville  The purpose of the Townshend Acts was to obtain funds to support colonial officials

27  Revenue Act of 1767 taxed imports from Great Britain  Indemnity Tax of 1767 taxed tea  Commissioners Customs Act of 1767 established the American Board of Customs Commissioners  Vice Admiralty Court Act 1768 which helped prosecute smugglers

28  Sons of Liberty made efforts to involve ordinary folk in the campaign against the Townshend duties  Encouraged all colonists to sign agreements not to purchase of consume British products

29  Women played a central role in the non consumption movement  300 women in Boston agreed not to buy or drink tea  Women demonstrated by burning tea and drinking coffee  Women collected together and would spin to encourage the use of homespun

30  A confrontation between colonists and British troops in which five colonists were killed on March 5, 1770.  Crispus Attucks a black sailor was the first to die.  Resistance leaders idealized the five colonists as martyrs for liberty

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32  Were smaller governments established to rally British opposition  They were established in all 13 colonies and ultimately had their first general assembly at the First Continental Congress  They placed American rights first

33  By 1773 all the Townshend Acts were gone  To save the East India Company from bankruptcy Parliament passed a Tea Act in May 1773  Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773

34  Boston port was closed  Forbid town meetings  Substituted appointed council for the elected  Those who committed murder while suppressing a riot were tried outside of the colony  Military officers could take over privately owned buildings to house troops

35  Granted religious freedom to Catholics  Reinstated French civil law  Established an appointed council  Annexed the land thought to be jurisdiction of seacoast colonies

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