Presentation on theme: "What was (and still is) the law-making body of Britain called? – Parliament."— Presentation transcript:
What was (and still is) the law-making body of Britain called? – Parliament
What was the famous group in the American colonies that was formed to oppose and protest British policies? – SONS OF LIBERTY What act led to this group getting formed? – STAMP ACT Who was the fiery orator and master of propaganda that was the leader of this group in Boston? (the British considered him to be a rebel-rouser and a ringleader!) – SAMUEL ADAMS
Which concern of the colonists in North America led to the American Revolution? A. opposition to British tax policies B. desire for greater religious freedom C. fear of attacks by American Indians D. increasing immigration from countries other than Britain
What did the British Parliament begin to do in 1764 to the American colonists in an attempt to solve its money problems and raise revenue? A. sell some of the land won in the French and Indian War B. rob Spanish treasure ships in the Caribbean Sea C. sold American Indians as slaves in the West Indies D. tax the American colonists
What was the name of the organized network for passing along news of British activity to the colonies? (groups of people in the American colonies exchanged information through letters to focus and unify resistance to British authority) – COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE Who got these started to keep an eye on the British and to keep the cause alive? – SAMUEL ADAMS
What act(s) passed in 1764 placed duties on certain imported goods and was the first attempt to raise revenue from the American colonists? – SUGAR ACT How did the colonists react to that act(s)? – CONTINUED SMUGGLING AND BRIBING
What led to the Proclamation of 1763 being issued? – PONTIAC’S REBELLION
What law(s) passed by Parliament in 1765 required the Colonies to house and supply British soldiers in their area? –Q–QUARTERING ACT Which amendment in the U.S. Constitution today states that our government CANNOT force citizens to house and supply soldiers in peace time? –3–3 RD AMENDMENT
What act(s) passed in 1765 taxed “paper goods” such as newspapers, almanacs, licenses, pamphlets, and legal documents? – STAMP ACT How (3 ways) did the colonists react (protest) to that act(s)? 1. THE STAMP ACT CONGRESS SENT PETITIONS 2. BOYCOTT OF BRITISH GOODS 3. SECRET SOCIETIES WERE FORMED TO PROTEST (SONS OF LIBERTY)
What basic British right concerning being taxed did the American colonists know? – TO BE TAXED ONLY BY THE REPRESENTATIVES THEY HAD ELECTED
What country won the French and Indian War and therefore won control of North America? – BRITAIN
What are the TWO reasons why 700 British troops marched from Boston to Concord on April 19, 1775? – TO DESTROY THE MILITARY SUPPLIES STORED THERE BY THE MILITIA – TO ARREST PATRIOT LEADERS SAMUEL ADAMS AND JOHN HANCOCK
________ = protest letter of request sent to the King by the American colonists asking for action – PETITION
What act(s) in 1767 placed duties on popular British goods such as paint, lead, glass, paper, and TEA in order to raise revenue? – TOWNSHEND ACTS – Which was NOT a way the colonists reacted (protested) to that act(s)? A. sent petitions to Parliament B. Daughters of Liberty groups were formed C. nonimporatation agreements by colonial merchants and planters D. formed the Continental Army and declared war on Britain
How was the Stamp Act different from the Sugar Act? A. The Stamp Act was passed by Parliament while the colonial assemblies passed theSugar Act. B. Parliament ended the Sugar Act but refused to repeal the Stamp Act. C. The colonists liked the Sugar Act but not the Stamp Act. D. The Stamp Act taxed the colonists while the Sugar Act taxed trade.
Define: writs of assistance – BLANK SEARCH WARRANTS What amendment in the U.S. Constitution today developed from the British use of writs of assistance during the 1760s? (protects against unreasonable searches and seizures) – 4 TH AMENDMENT
Why were there 10,000 British troops stationed in the American colonies after the French and Indian War? – TO ENFORCE THE PROCLAMATION OF 1763
Which act(s) was the first time that Parliament had “directly” taxed the American colonists? –S–STAMP ACT
Which TWO led to the repeal of the Townshend Acts? CHOOSE TWO LETTERS! A. the Boston Tea Party B. the Boston Massacre C. boycotting of British goods D. committees of correspondence
Why (2 reasons) did Britain need to raise REVENUE ($$$) after the French and Indian War? – BRITAIN OWED A LARGE DEBT FROM THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR – TO HELP PAY FOR THE 10,000 BRITISH SOLDIERS IN THE COLONIES ENFORCING THE PROCLAMATION OF 1763
What was the name of the letter sent by the Second Continental Congress to the King asking him to withdraw the British troops and make peace? (the King disregarded it as he considered the American colonists to be rebels!) – OLIVE BRANCH PETITION
What was the main reason why the Stamp Act was repealed and was the MOST EFFECTIVE method of protesting used by the colonists against the British? – BOYCOTTING
What act(s) passed in March 1774 primarily punished Massachusetts? – COERCIVE ACTS Why did Britain and Parliament want to punish Massachusetts specifically? – BOSTON TEA PARTY Due to their harshness, what did the colonists call the hated act(s)? – INTOLERABLE ACTS
Which of the following was NOT included in the Intolerable Acts? A. increasing the taxes on tea B. shut down town meetings and banned committees of correspondence C. closed the port of Boston D. the Murder Act > let British officials accused of crimes in the Colonies stand trial in Britain
What did the colonists do in reaction? (what is the name of the meeting?) – FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS – Which of the following was NOT something decided in Philadelphia? A. boycott British goods B. begin training militia groups C. petition the King to repeal the acts and make peace D. wrote the Declaration of Independence and formed their own country
Who was appointed by the Second Continental Congress as the military commander of the Colonies and in charge of building the Continental Army? –G–GEORGE WASHINGTON
Since Britain was 3,000 miles away and royal governors rarely enforced laws, what did the colonists get used to doing? –G–GOVERNING THEMSELVES INDEPENDENTLY AND DISOBEYING BRITISH LAWS
The Proclamation of 1763 was disliked by the American colonists. What was their perspective on the Proclamation of 1763? –D–DISLIKED THE PROCLAMATION OF 1763 BECAUSE THEY WANTED A CHANCE TO SETTLE THE NEW FERTILE LANDS OF THE OHIO VALLEY
What are TWO ways the Sons of Liberty protested against the Stamp Act? – SEIZED AND BURNED PILES OF STAMPS – HARASSED BRITISH TAX COLLECTORS
What did the Tea Act do? – THE BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY TO SELL TEA DIRECTLY TO THE AMERICANS – NOT A TAX ON TEA >>> LOWERED THE PRICE OF TEA!
Which of the following is in the CORRECT order of sequence? A. the Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, the Tea Act, and the Intolerable Acts B. the Proclamation of 1763, the Tea Act, the Intolerable Acts, the Townshend Acts, and the Stamp Act C. the Proclamation of 1763, the Intolerable Acts, the Stamp Act, the Tea Act, and the Townshend Acts D. the Proclamation of 1763, the Townshend Acts, the Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, and the Tea Act
Why could a boycott be a good way for people to protest a law or other action that they do not like? – A NONVIOLENT METHOD OF PROTEST THAT RELIES ON ECONOMIC PRESSURE RATHER THAN FORCE
One of the basic rights that the American colonists expected from Britain was the right to trial by jury. What amendment in the U.S. Constitution protects the right to trial by jury? –6–6 TH AMENDMENT
American colonists expected the same “rights as Englishmen.” What were the TWO main rights that the American colonists felt were being violated by the British Parliament and by King George III on The Road to the American Revolution? – RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY – RIGHT TO TAXATION WITH REPRESENTATION
The _____ was an intellectual movement that emphasized knowledge, science, and reason could improve society. _____ was an thinker/philosopher that believed a _____ _____ existed between the government and the people. He argued that people are born with _____ _____, determined that the purpose of government was ________________, and if a government fails, __________________.
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that emphasized knowledge, science, and reason could improve society. Who was the thinker/philosopher that most affected the development of the American government philosophy? A. Samuel Adams B. Martin Luther C. John Locke D. Patrick Henry
Which of the following is INCORRECT concerning his philosophy on government? A. believed a social contract existed between the government and the people B. argued that people have to earn their natural rights before a government has to protect them C. determined that the purpose of government was protect people’s natural rights D. stated if a government fails to protect these rights, the people have the right to change the government
Propaganda is a story giving only one side to purposely promote or injure a cause. What event from The Road to the American Revolution was used by Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty as propaganda to incite public opinion against the British? – BOSTON MASSACRE
Which phrase is associated with The Road to the American Revolution in the 1760s and 1770s? –N–NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION The phrase is directly associated with the American colonists’ reaction to which act(s)? –S–STAMP ACT
What had the purpose of preventing colonists from provoking conflicts with the Indians? –P–PROCLAMATION OF 1763 It basically banned the colonists from settling ????? –W–WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS
The English policy of interfering very little in colonial affairs was called salutary neglect. The impact of the “neglect” was that the colonies became used to governing themselves independently and disobeying British laws. Which of the following brought an end to decades of neglect? A. the French and Indian War B. the American Revolution C. the Boston Massacre D. the Boston Tea Party
Americans felt that taxation without representation is ????? (unjust rule by the government).
Civic participation refers to the ways in which ordinary citizens involve themselves in the processes of government. On The Road to the American Revolution, examples of civic participation included – ????? (participated by organizing against British policies) and ????? (organized by opponents of British policies to exchange information and plans)
What is the connection between the Enlightenment and the Road to the American Revolution? – It’s the John Locke stuff! Locke argued that people are born with natural rights and that it’s the government’s job to protect those rights. American colonists didn’t feel as if their rights, such as trial by jury and taxation with representation, were being protected by the British. So therefore, the colonists had the right to change their government!
THIS EVENT IS THE BOSTON MASSACRE ALTHOUGH A MORE ACCURATE NAME WOULD BE THE BOSTON RIOT. IT SHOWS THE AMERICAN PERSPECTIVE AND USES PROPAGANDA TO STIR-UP ANTI-BRITISH FEELINGS. IT TOOK PLACE BECAUSE TENSIONS WERE HIGH BETWEEN THE BOSTONIANS AND BRITISH SOLDIERS LARGELY DUE TO AMERICANS BEING TICKED ABOUT TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
THIS EVENT IS THE BOSTON TEA PARTY. THE SONS OF LIBERTY DISGUISED AS INDIANS ARE ILLEGALLY PROTESTING THE TEA ACT BY THROWING THE TEA OVERBOARD. THEY ARE TICKED MOSTLY ABOUT TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION AS THERE WAS STILL A TAX ON TEA LEFTOVER FROM THE TOWNSHEND ACTS.