Presentation on theme: "Healthcare Reform Legislation: Magic Elixir or Bitter Pill? Presented by: Katie O. Orrico, Director, AANS/CNS Washington Office January 23, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Healthcare Reform Legislation: Magic Elixir or Bitter Pill? Presented by: Katie O. Orrico, Director, AANS/CNS Washington Office January 23, 2010
Health Reform Has Run Into a Buzz Saw: Now What?
Drivers of Health Reform 12- 15 M American UNINSURED and cannot buy coverage Denial of Coverage for PRE-EXISTING CONDITIONS and routine INAPPROPRIATE DENIALS for medical services DEFENSIVE medical practice ($210 B/ yr) Unsustainable COST Increases (20% GDP) Looming MANPOWER SHORTAGES in surgical and medical specialties (49,000 by 2025) Current SGR formula will jeopardize access to specialty care
Environment for Reform 19942009 U.S. Senate56 D’s; 44 R’s58 D’s; 40 R’s; 2 I’s Uninsured 39.7 million (15.2%) 45.7 million (15.3%) % of Americans w/employer health insurance 60.9%59.3% Health spending as % of GDP13.6%17.6% Medicare/Medicaid as % of GDP3.5%4.9% Change in employer health benefit costs (avg. over 3 yrs) 3.0%6.3% Unemployment Rate6.5%8.5%** Budget Deficit as % of GDP2.9%13.1% COST Containment is Paramount
Key Legislation House H.R. 3200, America's Affordable Health Choices Act –Initial bill “marked-up” by House committees H.R. 3962, Affordable Health Care for America Act –PASSED 220-215 (Nov. 7) –H.R. 3961, Medicare Physician Payment Reform Act –PASSED 243-183 (Nov. 19)
Key Legislation Senate S. 1679, Affordable Health Choices Act and S. 1796, American’s Healthy Future Act –Marked-up in Senate HELP and Finance Committees S. 1776, Medicare Physicians Fairness Act –REJECTED 47-53 (Oct. 21) S. 3590, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act –PASSED 60-39 (Dec. 24)
Road to the White House HELP Committee Bill Health, Education, Labor & Pensions (HELP ) Committee Finance Committee Bill House Bill Finance Committee Ways & Means Committee Energy & Commerce Committee Education & Labor Committee Senate Debate & Vote House Debate & Vote Rules Conference Senate Vote House Vote President’s desk
Why don’t the AANS and CNS support these healthcare reform measures?
Neurosurgery’s Healthcare Reform Principles PrincipleHouseSenate Cover the uninsured Lower healthcare costs and fully pay for reform w/out adding to deficit Choice of health plans…but no public insurance option or single payer system Eliminate denials for pre-existing conditions No government interference in doctor- patient relationship
Neurosurgery’s Healthcare Reform Principles PrincipleHouseSenate Ensure patients’ right to choose their doctor, have direct access to specialists and enter into private fee arrangements Proven medical liability reform Fix workforce shortages in all specialties not just primary care No government regulation of GME Repeal SGR
Neurosurgery’s Healthcare Reform Principles PrincipleHouseSenate No budget neutral increases in primary care reimbursement No Independent Payment Advisory Board or “shadow” RUC Quality of care to be determined by the medical profession Continue to allow physician ownership of ancillary services (imaging, specialty hospitals, ASCs)
Current Program: Rules, Regulations, Liability and Payment Policies Affecting Doctors
House Healthcare Reform: Rules, Regulations, Liability and Payment Policies Standing Between Patients and Doctors
Medical Liability Reform Saves Money CBO there is "limited evidence currently available about the effects of tort reform on health outcomes is much more mixed than the larger collection of evidence currently available about the effects of tort reform on health care spending."
Medical Liability Reform “The reason that tort reform is not in the bill is because the people that wrote it did not want to take on the trial lawyers in addition to everybody else they were taking on, and that is the plain and simple truth.” Howard Dean, MD, Former Chair Democratic National Committee
Why does the AMA support these healthcare reform measures?
Addiction to Repeal the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) Medicare Payments cut 40% from 2010-2016 Physician Costs up 20% from 2009-2016 22% Cut $200+ billion
GAME CHANGER Effects of Massachusetts Special U.S. Senate Election
Outstanding Issues – Before Election Abortion Immigration National vs. State Regulation of Health Exchanges Increasing Taxes –Taxing “Cadillac” Health Plans –Taxing wealthier individuals Individual and Employer Mandates Rationing –Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB) –Comparative Effectiveness Research
FINAL House-Senate Agreement – Before Election No formal House-Senate Conference Committee –Ping-Pong Process Instead –Behind the scenes negotiation with Reid, Pelosi, Obama House will take up Senate bill (H.R. 3590) and make amendments… send to Senate and then continue this process until agreement is reached
Outlook for Final Reform Bill Ram it through before Brown gets certified in the Senate –Not going to happen House folds and passes Senate bill as is + “side car” bill to reflect House-Senate compromises on taxes and other issues –Not likely to happen Budget Reconciliation for the entire package –Not likely to happen
Outlook for Final Reform Bill Go for Snowe –Not likely to happen Series of Small Bills on key issues + budget reconciliation on financing issues –Not likely to happen Bipartisan compromise on significantly scaled back bill –Not as easy as it sounds
Scaled Backed Bill Not So Easy Insurance Reforms Small Bill Bigger Insurance Pool Individual/Employer Mandates Premium Subsidies Increased Spending Higher Taxes, Medicare Cuts & Delivery Reform BIG Bill
Outlook for Final Reform Bill Total collapse – no health reform legislation – Likely… but not yet (take a break from healthcare for a few weeks)
Yesterday Thursday Jan 21 Tuesday Jan 19 Sunday Jan 17 Ram it through1% 10%25% House folds4%15%30%25% Reconciliation1% 3% Deal with Snowe1% 2% Two bills = House folds w/a reconciliation “sidecar" 3%5%2%- Collapse90%77%45% What A Difference A Week Makes
For More Information More information is available: http://www.aans.org/legislative/aans/Neuro_HealthCareReform.asp http://www.cns.org/advocacy/wc/nsHealthcareReform.aspx Katie O. Orrico, Director AANS/C NS Washington Office firstname.lastname@example.org 202-446-2024