2Mexican Constitution of 1824 Mexico wrote a new constitution and modeled it after U.S. ConstitutionPresident and Vice President (4 year terms)Bi-Cameral CongressSupreme CourtCatholic Faith is State religionEach state drafted its own state constitution and was given certain state’s rights
3President BustamanteWas not following the Constitution of 1824 and instead gave the national government more power than the statesThis was the exactopposite of what wasoutlined in the MexicanConstitution
4Fredonian RevoltHaden Edwards was given a land grant to settle Anglo Americans in TexasWhen he got to his land he found people living thereEdwards told thesettlers they had toprove they had agrant and theycould stay
5Fredonian Revolt The settlers appealed to the Mexican governor The governor backed the settlersHaden’s brother Benjamin took over Nacogdoches with a few men and declared it the free Republic of Fredonia
6Effect Mexico sent in troops to recapture Nacogdoches The Edwards brothers appealed to S F Austin for supportHe refused to help them and sided with the Mexican officialsThe Edwards brothers fled and for a short time tensions between Mexico and the settlers were eased
7Mier y Teran ReportThe Mexican government was concerned that there were too many Anglos in TexasThey were afraid they would lose Texas to the United StatesGeneral Manuel Mier y Teran was sent to report on the State of Texas
8Mier y Teran ReportGeneral Mier y Teran reported that U.S. influence was growing and Anglo settlers greatly outnumbered Mexican SettlersThis was unnerving for Mexico so….
9Law of April 6, 1830The Mexican Congress passed the Law of April 6, 1830This act went against Constitution of 1824It laid out very specific state’s rightsAmericans could no longer come to TexasAll Empresarial claims were cancelledSlavery was abolished – in hopes it would deter any more Anglos from coming to Texas
10Unrest in Texas Citizens in Texas were very upset Many of the settlers had come to Texas to get their new life started and left their families behind in the USThey had planned on bringing the rest of their families to join themThey also believed that the Mexican government was overstepping their power by telling the states what they could do
11Unrest in Texas Continued Sensing the citizens uneasiness, Mexican officials sent troops to Texas.Texans very much resented the presence of Mexican troops overseeing their day to day lives.
12The Rise of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna President Bustamante had proven he was a centralistSupporter of strong national governmentIgnored Constitution of 1824Angered Texans and was not in good favor with the State
13Santa Anna’s Early Career Was a cadet in Spanish MilitaryServed in mission to defeat the Gutierrez-Magee expeditionShifted his loyalty from Spain to Mexico at the perfect time….….Gained favor with the new government
14Made everyone think he was opposed to the Centralist AmbitionMade everyone think he was opposed to the Centralist“Was actually a centralist himself”Began a Revolution against BustamanteMexican Soldiers returned to Texas to fight
15In PowerStephen F. Austin told Santa Anna that the Texans supported himThey believed he supported their viewsAgain he was lying to gain powerSanta Anna becomes the leader of Mexico
16AnahuacGeorge Fisher was a Mexican official charged with customs duties.Main job was to stop smugglingFirst ordered all ships to report to the mouth of the Brazos to be checkedDid not workThen ordered all ships to report to Anahuac at Galveston Bay before going to their destination
17Problems Galveston Bay was very much out of the way Many had to go 200 miles inland to get papers to leaveMany captains ignored this order viewing it as unfair.
18John Davis Bradburn Mexican official directed to enforce laws Arrested Francisco Madero for issuing land titlesMadero had not issued them to Americans, so he was not breaking the lawBradburn then ordered the settlement Liberty be dismantledForced the settlers to rebuild Liberty and provide materials to do so.
19William T. LoganShowed up looking for his two slaves that had run away.Bradburn was housing themHired lawyer William B. Travis to help him while he went to Louisiana to get his legal documents.Travis told a guard Logan had returned armed.
20Bradburn Freaks!!! Logan never came and Bradburn looked silly Bradburn unlawfully arrested Travis and his law partnerSettlers rose up and were ready to forcefully take Travis backBradburn told them he would release them if the settlers would retreat.
21Bradburn Freaks!!! Settlers retreated, Bradburn did not release Travis Bradburn reinforced while settlers were not there
22Turtle Bayou Resolutions Texans drafted the Turtle Bayou Resolutions while John Austin went to obtain a cannon.Resolutions said:Colonist were loyal to MexicoSupported Santa AnnaLoyal to Constitution of 1824
23Turtle Bayou Resolutions Settlers sent John Austin to Brazoria to bring back a cannon.Turtle Bayou ResolutionsColonists pledged their loyalty to Mexico and Santa Anna.Remember: Santa Anna was a centralist posing as a nationalist!
24No More BradburnBefore Austin’s return Colonel Jose de las Piedras showed up to survey the situationSaw how messed up everything wasDismissed BradburnReleased Travis and his partnerEnded the argument peacefully, but this was an omen for violence to come.
25Battle of VelascoJohn Austin has the cannon and he’s on his way back to Brazoria.He and his men sail down the Brazos River toward the Gulf of Mexico.They arrive in Velasco.Colonel Urgartechea refuses to let the men pass through Velasco with the cannon.Fighting breaks out!First time Mexican and Texan troops fire at one another.
26Convention of 1832Texans met in San Felipe de Austin and drafted a set of resolutions.Texans pledge their support for the Constitution of 1824.Called for a repeal of the Law of April 6, and the customs duty.Repeal: to take awayWanted to allow U.S. immigration to Texas.Wanted the Mexican government to divide the state of Coahuila y Tejas and grant Texas statehood.Established a plan to create a militia.Donate government lands for public schools.
27Convention of 1833Same proposals at the Convention of EXCEPT they drafted a new Constitution.Mexican state of Texas!To the Mexican government, this looked like an act of defiance!
28SFA is in MexicoSFA leaves for Mexico to take the new resolutions to the Mexican government.1833 – impatient SFA wrote a letter to his fellow Texans.The letter suggested the Texans establish a new state government.New state government would make Texas separate from Coahuila but still a part of Mexico.SFA meets with Santa AnnaSanta Anna repealed the immigration law prohibiting immigrants from the U.S.Promised fair taxes on goods imported from the U.S.Rejected separate statehood for Texas.
29SFA Arrested! Austin’s letter to the Texans was intercepted. He was accused of treason.He was imprisoned in Mexico City for a year and never received a trial.
30Conflict EscalatesTexans soon found out that Santa Anna was a centralist and not a nationalist.He had a new constitution written that placed all the power in his hands!To squash any rebellion that might take place in Texas, Santa Anna sent General Cos to watch over Texas.
31Battle of GonzalesGeneral Urgartechea hears there is a 6 pound cannon in the town of Gonzales.Texans refused to return the cannon.When the Mexican army arrived, the Texans fired on the Mexicans forcing them to retreat to San Antonio.This battle showed that the Texans were willing to use military force if necessary.The Battle of Gonzales is the battle that began the revolution!
32Siege of Bexar (San Antonio) Texans capture the city of San Antonio from General Cos.Texans believed the crisis was over.Santa Anna had other ideas!