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Chapter 7: The Road to Revolution. New Revenues & Regulations (pg. 39) Sugar Act (duties, imported sugar) (raise $, Crown) (merchants hurt) (smugglers,

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7: The Road to Revolution. New Revenues & Regulations (pg. 39) Sugar Act (duties, imported sugar) (raise $, Crown) (merchants hurt) (smugglers,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7: The Road to Revolution

2 New Revenues & Regulations (pg. 39) Sugar Act (duties, imported sugar) (raise $, Crown) (merchants hurt) (smugglers, Crown appt. judges) (no jury) Quartering Act (house/feed soldiers) Stamp Act (most paper) (everyone) (direct tax, not a tax on imports) Protesting the Stamp (no taxation) (James Otis) (cooperate/protest) (Stamp Act Congress) (Sons/Liberty) (boycotts) (British Merchants pressure Parliament) Declaratory Act (Stamp Act repealed) (have to save face) (Parliament had right/make law) (in all cases whatsoever)

3 No Taxation w/o Representation (pg. 40) Representative Govt. (Colonists vote) (have a choice) (answers to constituents) (Assemblies) Virtual Representation (every member/Parliament) (M.P.) (speaks for you) (represent, all of Empire)

4 Second Phase of Crisis (pg. 41) Townshend Acts (new Chancellor) (raise $, pay governor) (warrant, search anywhere) (suspend NY’s Assembly) Colonial Reaction (duties, 1 st ) (John Dickinson) (Samuel Adams) (James Otis) (Circular Letter, boycotts) Repeal of Acts (new P.M., Lord North) (Acts, disaster) (save $, close forts) (send Army to Boston) Boston Massacre (Colonists resented troops) (economy) (condescending) (troops attacked?) (kill, self-defense) (Samuel Adams, keep Liberty alive) (communication) (Committees of Correspondence) (threatening activities?)

5 Renewal of the Conflict (pg. 43) The Gaspee (customs ship) (runs aground) (dressed, Indians) (set on fire) Boston Tea Party (British East India Co.) (financial trouble) (British govt. helps out) (monopoly, sell tea in Colonies) (delivery, 3 cities) (boycott, Dutch tea) (dumped tea, harbor) (vandalism vs. liberty) (too radical?) (someone has to pay)

6 The Coercive (Intolerable) Acts (pg. 45) Port Bill (closed Boston’s port) (prohibit trade) (until tea paid for) Mass. Legislature (power reduced) (governor’s power increased) Adm. of Justice Act (Royal official, tried in England) Quartering Act (stay in private homes) (applied to all colonies)

7 Pg. 45 (cont.) Quebec Act (organize Canadian lands) (accepted French Canadians) (hated by Colonists) Provisions (Roman Catholic) (official religion, Canada) (no representative Assembly) (boundary, Ohio River) American Anger (took away lands claimed by Colonists) (same treatment, Colonies?)

8 The First Continental Congress (pg. 47) The Delegates (12 Colonies send Delegates) (react to the threat to rights?) (restore relationship/Britain) (not independence) Actions of Congress (don’t want to offend) – Suffolk Resolves, repeal Intolerable Acts (boycott) – Declaration of Rights & Grievances, King, restore rights (Parliament, no right to regulate commerce) – Association, create a committee in every town (support boycott) – If Colonial rights not recognized, meet next year

9 Fighting Begins (pg. 48) Lexington & Concord (King dismissed petition) (Mass., state of rebellion) (send troops, restore order) (Paul Revere) (rebels, supplies) (8 Minutemen) (some supplies) (mauled by “amateurs”) Bunker Hill (Breed’s Hill) (Colonial militia) (British, 1000 casualties, still won) (willing to take losses) (Hessians) (General Gage, cousins) (isolated incidents, not a Revolution)

10 Key Players (pg. 50) Patriots (1/3) (Whigs) (supported Revolution) (most/New England, Virginia) (militia, stay in areas) (harvest season) Loyalists (Tories) (supported Crown) (suffered greatly) (civil war?) (NY, NJ, Ga.) (wealthier, more conservative) Marquis de Lafayette (young French general) (loved) (morale) (hope?) Baron von Steuben (Prussian General) (trained the army) (brought discipline) British Strengths & Weaknesses (best army/navy) (distance, extended supply lines) (misunderstood revolution)


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