Presentation on theme: "How to nail the exam. GRADE A DESCRIPTORS The student has an extensive knowledge and understanding of the content and can readily apply this knowledge."— Presentation transcript:
GRADE A DESCRIPTORS The student has an extensive knowledge and understanding of the content and can readily apply this knowledge. In addition, the student has achieved a very high level of competence in the processes and skills and can apply these skills to new situations.
STUDY. YOU CANNOT DO WELL WITHOUT IT MAKE STUDY NOTES BY READING, HIGHLIGHTING AND SUMMARISING YOUR CLASS NOTES USE THE POWERPOINTS. THEY ARE MORE VALUABLE THAN A TEXTBOOK. REMEMBER ONE GOOD QUOTE FOR EACH TOPIC TIPS
ALLOW 15-20 MINUTES FOR THE MULTIPLE CHOICE depending on the length of source reading 5-6 MINUTES EACH FOR THE 5 MARK QUESTIONS ( make sure you reference the source at least twice) 25 MINUTES FOR THE EXTENDED RESPONSE. The average writing speed is 30 words per minute. You should be aiming for 600 words. This may exceed the space given. Do not listen to any supervisor who tells you to only use the given space. There is usually a back page. Use this!!!!!!!!!!! TIMING IS EVERYTHING
Students learn about:Students learn to: Australia’s response to the threat of communism in Asia after WWII including: Korean War ANZUS Treaty SEATO Alliance sequence the key events in Australia’s response to the threat of communism in Asia after WWII explain the purpose of the treaties Australia contracted during this period the response to the threat of communism within Australia including: referendum to ban the Communist Party the Petrov Affair outline the key developments in Australia’s response to communism within Australia Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam Warexplain the reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War differing views of Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War eg: supporters of the war conscientious objectors the moratorium movement explain the reasons why different groups within Australia supported or opposed Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War select appropriate sources that reflect different perspectives about Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War the impact of the war on ONE of the following: Vietnam veterans and families Indo-Chinese refugees Australian culture Australia’s relations with Asia assess the impact of the war on the chosen study 2008 5 MARK QUESTION ON SUPPORT FOR VIETNAM WAR 2007 5 MARK QUESTION ON IMPACT ON VETERANS 2006 15 MARK QUESTION ON CHANGING ATTITUDES TO AUSTRALIA’S INVOLVEMENT
Describe This requires you to describe the attributes or characteristics of a subject. Eg Describe the Social and Cultural features of a decade The Decade of the 60’s in Australia was a time of dynamic and rapid change, manifesting itself in fashions, music behaviours and values. LOWER ORDER SKILLS
Outline This requires a methodical and chronological narrative of the period, event, or issue, supported by specific detail of dates, names and places Eg Outline the response to the threat of Communism within Australia Australia’s response to Communism in the post War period spanned the period from 1949, with the election of Menzies’ Liberal Party, through the 50’s Petrov scandal, culminating in the decision to enter the Vietnam War in 1965 date
Explain This questions require not only an understanding of what happened but also of why it happened and what were the results Eg Explain the varying experiences of the Stolen Generation The experiences of the stolen generation varied from babies given up for adoption to foster families to young children placed in mission and state run homes. Experiences were both positive and negative but a sense of personal and cultural loss underpins all experiences Higher order skills
When asked to ‘assess’ anything you are being asked to ‘make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes’ (Board of Studies Key Words definitions). Do not be afraid to use phrases such as ‘Australia’s contribution cannot be under-rated because...’ ‘The value of Australia’s contribution cannot be ignored despite...’ ‘The quality of the contribution Australia made had a profound affect on the overall outcome because it...’ ‘The outcome of Australia’s involvement in the war was profound as it...’ ‘Australia’s contribution was extremely important because...’
TOPIC 1 AUSTRALIA AND THE VIETNAM WAR explain the purpose of the treaties Australia contracted during this period outline the key developments in Australia’s response to communism within Australia explain the reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War? explain the reasons why different groups within Australia supported or opposed Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War? assess the impact of the war on Vietnam Refugees
Outline the key events in Australia’s response to Communism MALAYAN INSURGENCY 1949 TO SUPPORT BRITAIN UN LED FORCE TO KOREA IN 1950 SIGNING OF ANZUS 1951 SIGNING OF SEATO 1954 COMMITMENT TO VIETNAM 1965 AUSTRALIAS RESPONSE WAS UNDERPINNED BY THE IDEOLOGY OF FORWARD DEFENCE AND THE BELIEF IN THE DOMINOE THEORY
PURPOSE OF TREATIES The principle purpose was to bind ourselves to more powerful allies for purposes of defence within the Asia Pacific Area ANZUS April 29 1952 Treaty bound signatories to “recognize that an armed attack in the Pacific would endanger safety of others. It committed them to consult…to meet common danger.”???? SEATO 1954 Formed after the withdrawal of the French from South East Asia. Its principal was to sanction American presence in Pacific- disbanded in 1977 Goals of economic, social and cultural cooperation between members. Military forces of joint nations held annual manoeuvres.
Outline the key developments in Australia’s response to communism within Australia 1949 MENZIES WINS THE ELECTION ON THE PLATFORM OF “ KICKING THE COMMUNIST CAN” 1951 COMMUNIST PARTY DISSOLUTION BILL INTRODUCED 1951 HIGH COURT DECLARES IT UNCONSTITUTIONAL 1951 REFERENDUM TO THE BAN THE COMMUNIST PARTY NARROWLY FAILS 1954 PETROV SPY Scandal, MENZIES REELECTED, SPLIT IN LABOR PARTY FORMATION OF DLP ROYAL COMMISION INTO SPYING 1955 FINAL REPORT VALIDATES PETROV CLAIM OF SPYING “ WITNESSES OF TRUTH
EXPLAIN THE REASONS FOR AUSTRALIA’S INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM WAR INVOLVEMENT ? COLD WAR CONTEXT AUSTRALIAN ISOLATION WITHIN ASIA PACIFIC EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL THREAT OF COMMUNISM COMMITMENT TO FORWARD CEFENCE ANZUS AND SEATO ALLIANCE COIMMITMENTS REGIONAL INSTABILITY INDONESIA/MAL AYSIA/PAPUA NEW GUINEA SUPPORT FOR STH VIETNAM DEMOCRACY LONG TERM CAUSES SHORT TERM CAUSES
DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES??????? “The takeover of South Vietnam would be a direct military threat to Australia and all the countries of South and South East Asia. It must be seen as part of a thrust by Communist China between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.” ROBERT MENZIES “Australia's defence and foreign policy during the post war period cannot be fully understood without reference to Indonesia." Greg Pembarton- ‘The Australian desire to see the United States actively engaged in the security of South East Asia was..understandable.” GARETH EVANS
SUPPORT AND OPPOSITION OLDER AUSTRALIANS, CATHOLIC CHURCH,DLP, RSL,LIVERAL PARTY/SUPPORTERS/BUSINESS AND MEDIA LABOR PARTY/TRADE UNIONS, JJIM CAIRNS, UNIVERSITY AND SCHOOL STUDENTS, LATER MEDIA, SOS, YAC, DRAFT RESISTANCE MOVEMENT, MORATORIUM MOVEMENT, SINGER SONG WRITERS KNOW ONE PROTEST GROUP THOROUGHLY MENZIES The Australian Government is now in receipt of a request from the Government of South Vietnam for further military assistance. ‘CALWELL We do not think it is a wise decision. We do not think it is a timely decision. We do not think it will help the fight against Communism
EXPLAIN Changing Attitude to War REASONS FOR CHANGE Political Instability in America and Australia Changing leadership/loss of faith in decisions 66-70 CONSCRIPTS BEING SENT OVERSEAS 65 EVENTS MY LAI/LONG TAN /TET OFFENSIVE 68 MEDIA IMPACT LOUNGE ROOM WAR 68 ONWARDS Impact of Protest Groups eg SOS, Youth Against Conscription and Moratorium Movement 62% in 1967 49% in 1970 Critical year 1968- TET Offensive
A GOOD QUOTE “It was not until the Tet Offensive dramatically exposed the spurious 'we will win, we are winning' rhetoric of the US and its allies in February 1968, that Australian public opinion began to dramatically shift against involvement in the War. Expediently, the Whitlam ALP leadership began to harden its general opposition to the War, promising in October 1969 to bring Australian troops home and in 1971 to repeal the National Service Act.” Rowan Cahill
IMPACT ON VIETNAM VETS IMPACT INJURYDEATHREHABILITATION REJECTION BY AUSTRALIA MARRIAGE BREAKDOWN POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DEISORDER LIFE THREATENING ILLNESSES CANCERS ONGOING REJECTION BY GOVERNMENT RE COMPENSATION IMMEDIATE LONG TERM
BANK OF PHRASES REPLACEMENTS FOR I THINK It can be concluded from the evidence that…………… Events suggest that …………………………………. Anecdotal evidence provides conclusive pro0f that……. ALLUDING TO DEBATE Varying opinions exist about the reasons for our involvement The causes of the war are considered contentious. Despite the conflicting evidence of historians it can be seen that…………………….
REFER TO THE SOURCE!!!!!!!!!! You cannot get more that 3/5 if you do not refer to the source The above source alludes ( makes reference to…) to….. The given supports the idea that………………… This fact is graphically illustrated in the source….. Supporting this opinion, the above source emphasizes ………. Also shown in the source is………… The 1966 election poster highlights the reasons……. The photo of Mrs Petrov hauntingly symbolizes the Cold War climate of fear and intrigue This point is reiterated in the passage by Calwell when he says…………
15 MARK QUESTION 2 COMMANDMENTS “QUOTES ARE GOOD” WRITE A LOT