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Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies.  What country was England’s biggest threat in trade?  France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies.  What country was England’s biggest threat in trade?  France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies

2  What country was England’s biggest threat in trade?  France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization.  What did some Native American tribes think was the only way to survive the conflicts between Britain and France?  Tribes thought the only way to survive the conflicts was to take sides.

3  Who allied with the French?  The Algonquin and the Hurons  Who allied with the English?  Iroquois

4 1) French and Indian War 2) Albany Plan of Union 3) Treaty of Paris, 1763* 4) Pontiac’s War 5) Proclamation of ) Stamp Act 7) Townshend Acts B 8) Boston Massacre 9) T ea Act 10) Boston Tea Party 11) Intolerable Acts 12) Quebec Act 13) First Continental Congress 14) Battles of Lexington and Concord

5  Cause  Cause: The Governor of Virginia sent Washington to build a fort in the Ohio River Valley.  Effect  Effect: Washington attacked the French but later surrendered.

6  Cause  Cause: Delegates from seven colonies met in Albany, NY to work toward unity.  Effect  Effect: No colonial assembly approved the Albany Plan of Union.

7  Cause  Cause: General Braddock ignored Indian scouts’ warnings near Fort Duquesne.  Effect  Effect: The French launched a surprise attack; Braddock and many other English were killed.

8  Cause  Cause: William Pitt became the Prime Minister in Great Britain.  Effect  Effect: Pitt sent his best generals to North America.

9  Cause  Cause: Britain surprised the French and won the Battle of Quebec.  Effect  Effect: The fighting between England and France ended in North America.

10  George Washington-son of wealthy parents; gifted at mathematics; worked as a surveyor; led 150 men into the Ohio Country to build a British fort where the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers met; launched a surprise attack on French forces near Fort Duquesne that started the French and Indian War  Fort Duquesne (pages 143 and 144)-French fort at the beginning of the French and Indian War; site of first battles; renamed Fort Pitt after the British captured it

11  Fort Necessity-make-shift stockade Washington and his troops built to protect themselves from French attack  Benjamin Franklin-delegate from Pennsylvania who proposed the Albany Plan of Union  Albany Plan of Union-proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies

12  General Edward Braddock-British general who died in a battle near Fort Duquesne after refusing to follow Native American warnings  William Pitt-became head of British government in 1757 and sent his best generals to North America in an effort to win the French and Indian War  Treaty of Paris, 1763-a 1763 agreement between Britain and France that ended the French and Indian War; it marked the end of French power in North America

13  What was the cause of Pontiac’s War?  The British raised prices of goods and settlers built farms and forts on Indian lands.

14  What did the Proclamation of 1763 state?  Colonists could not move beyond the crest of the Appalachian Mountains.

15  How did colonists react to the Proclamation of 1763?  The proclamation made colonists angry, so many ignored the law and moved west anyway.

16  Why did Parliament pass the Sugar Act in 1764?  England was deep in debt after the French and Indian War.

17  What reason did the colonists have for protesting the Stamp Act?  Colonists insisted that taxation without representation went against English traditions.

18  What did the Townshend Acts create besides new taxes?  Officers were allowed to inspect cargo without giving a reason.

19  What activities did the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty organize?  Protests, mock hangings, petitions, boycotts

20  Identify the following:  Samuel Adams  Mercy Otis Warren Patrick Henry  Samuel Adams-skilled at organizing people, protests, and stirring public support; one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty  Mercy Otis Warren-wrote plays that made fun of British officials  Patrick Henry-often gave passionate speeches in the Virginia House of Burgesses-“Give me liberty or give me death”

21 ① What led to the event? Taxes and quartering of soldiers ② Who were involved in the Boston Massacre? British soldiers and Boston colonists ③ When did the event occur? March 5, 1770 ④ How many people died in the Boston Massacre? Only five people died. ⑤ How did the colonists react? Protests, committee of correspondence, propaganda

22 ⑥ What happened to the soldiers? They were arrested and tried. Only two were punished by having an M branded on their thumbs. ⑦ What happened in England on the same day? A bill was introduced to repeal most of the Townshend Acts.

23 ⑧ Crispus Attucks-free black sailor killed in the Boston Massacre ⑨ Paul Revere-a Boston silversmith who fanned anti-British thoughts with his engraving of the Boston Massacre; *he also made a midnight ride on April 18, 1775 to warn the colonists that British soldiers were on their way to Concord, MA ⑩ John Adams-Massachusetts lawyer who defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre

24  In what way did the Boston Massacre differ from earlier protests?  British soldiers fired on unarmed colonists; five colonists died.

25  Use pages to answer  Who led the party?  What did they do?  Where did this happen?  When?  Why did the Sons of Liberty do this?  How did Great Britain respond?  How did the colonies respond?

26  The Tea Act was passed by Parliament in  It lowered the price of tea by allowing the British East India Company to bypass merchants.  The colonists refused to buy the tea because it included a tax.  Boycotts resumed.

27  Use pages to answer  Who led the party?  Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty  What did they do?  Dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor  Where did this happen?  Boston Harbor, MA

28  When?  December 16, 1773  Why did the Sons of Liberty do this?  They believed the Tea Act was a “trick” to make the colonists pay a tax to England.

29  How did Great Britain respond?  With the Intolerable Acts:  Closed the port of Boston  Allowed only one town meeting per year  Customs officials could be tried in Britain or Canada  New Quartering Act

30  How did the colonies respond?  Delegates from 12 colonies met in the First Continental Congress.  They backed Massachusetts.  The delegates called on each colony to form a militia.  They agreed to meet in May 1775.

31  Put these in chronological order.  1 Minutemen were collecting guns and gunpowder  2 April 18, 1775, 700 British troops left Boston for Concord  3 Paul Revere made a midnight ride to warn of the coming British  4 April 19, 1775, minutemen and British soldiers exchanged fire at Lexington  5 Minutemen and British fought on a bridge outside of Concord  6 British lost 73 men and 200 were missing or wounded

32  You may have a few minutes to look over your notes for your test today.


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