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Ballyhaise N.S. Presents A 5 th /6 th Class Production of.

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Presentation on theme: "Ballyhaise N.S. Presents A 5 th /6 th Class Production of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ballyhaise N.S. Presents A 5 th /6 th Class Production of

2 19 th Century Ireland

3 Contents The Act of Union (by Caitlin and Lauren) Robert Emmet (by Ailbhe, Mark and Aiden) Daniel O’Connell (by Rachel Smith and Conor Smith) The Young Irelanders (by Jarlaith and Katie) The Fenians (by Donal, Glory and Emma Colwell) The Famine (by Emma Smith, Shauna and Michelle) Michael Davitt (by Conor Greenan, Elaine and Cónall) Charles Stewart Parnell (by Rachel O’Hanlon and Jade) The Cultural Revival (by Eoin, Robbie and Martyna)

4 ACT OF UNION 1800 (BY CAITLIN AND LAUREN)

5 THE ACT OF UNION The Irish Rebellion of 1798 brought the issue of Ireland to the attention of the British Cabinet and William Pitt the younger, the British Prime Minister He decided that the best solution was a Union.

6 THE ACT OF UNION The Act of Union was passed in the summer of It united the Britain and Ireland to create the U.K. The union came into affect on the 1 st of January 1801.

7 For the current union flag they combined the English, Scottish and Irish flags together.

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10 The Act of Union For most Irish, there wasn't a noticeable difference, but it meant the Irish government representatives could not pass laws on their own.

11 19 th Century Ireland Robert Emmet (by Ailbhe and Aiden)

12 Robert Emmet Robert Emmet was born in He came from a wealthy Protestant family who sympathised with Irish Catholics. Robert was put in jail because of a rebellion against the British in 1803.

13 Robert Emmet While he was in jail, Emmet wrote a letter to his sweetheart,Sarah Curran. He then gave it to a prison warden to post. But the warden gave it to the government. That letter nearly cost Sarah her life.

14 Robert Emmet Robert and Sarah had dreamed of running away together. However, Robert was found guilty of high treason and he was given the death penalty. A day later, he was hung, drawn and quartered in Thomas Street.

15 19 th Century Daniel O’ Connell 6th August th May By Rachel Smith and Conor Smith

16 Often referred to as “ The Liberator” or “ The Emancipator”, Daniel O Connell was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19 th century. The Liberator

17 Born – 6 th August 1775 Caheriveenn, Ireland Died -15 th May 1847 [aged 71 ]Genoa, Italy Resting place - Glasnevin Cemetery Dublin, Ireland Political party - Radicals Repeal Association Occupation - Barrister, political activist Personal details

18 Wife - Mary O’Connell [m 1802] Children - Maurice, Ellen, Catherine, Timothy James, Elizabeth, John, Richard & Daniel jnr. Religion – Roman Catholicism Personal details

19 Daniel did well at school and in 1790 his uncle sent him and his brother to study in France Daniel experienced the violence of the French Revolution and this gave him a hatred of violence EARLY LIFE

20 In 1811 O Connell established the Catholic Board, which campaigned for Catholic Emancipation, that is the opportunity for Irish Catholics to become Members of Parliament. MID - LIFE

21  As a result of his campaigning, Catholics were allowed to become judges as well as Members of Parliament.  O’Connell Street in Dublin is named after Daniel. Achievements

22 The Young Irelanders By Jarlaith and Katie

23 The Young Irelanders The Young Irelanders - Irish nationalist movement of the 1840s. Begun by a group of Irish journalists who founded and wrote for the Nation newspaper.

24 The Young Irelanders The movement supported the study of Irish history and the revival of the Irish (Gaelic) language as a means of achieving independence.

25 The Young Irelanders The Irish flag was first used as a symbol of the Young Ireland movement. It is not known whether the flag was a gift from France or whether the Young Irelanders had been inspired by the French flag.

26 The Young Irelanders rebellion took place on the 29 th of July 1848 in the village of Ballingarry, South Tipperary. The rebels took hostages but retreated after police reinforcements arrived. The rebellion had failed. The Battle of Ballingarry

27 The Aftermath These Young Irelanders were eventually caught. Seven Young Irelanders were eventually imprisoned on Van Deimans Land [Tasmania]. Four of them escaped to America and three were allowed to return to Ireland.

28 The Young Irelanders The rebellion ended the Young Irelanders.

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30 The Famine By : Emma, Shauna, Michelle

31 Blight September a strange disease struck potatoes in fields across Ireland. Nearly half of the potato harvest was destroyed by the strange disease known as “blight”. As a result, there was a lack of food and people began to get sick.

32 Blight In the years after the Famine scientists discovered that the blight was caused by a fungus. The worst period of disease was in 1849 when cholera struck causing many more people to be sick and die.

33 Emigration Many people left Ireland. Emigration caused the population to drop by 3 million.

34 Emigration People emigrated on coffin ships from Ireland. They were called coffin ships because many people died on them. When people died, the crew threw them overboard. A Coffin Ship

35 Workhouses Workhouses were places where the very poor lived Once they entered the workhouse, people had to wear a uniform and were given a very basic diet.

36 A Workhouse

37 Workhouses The main food they were given was called stirabout, which was similar to a weak oatmeal porridge. Men, women, girls and boys were all forced to stay in different parts of the building.

38 Soup Kitchens Summer the government set up some soup kitchens. By August 1847, 3 million people were being fed each day.

39 Crimes  A large number of woman/children were charged with begging and stealing food.  Cells were usually VERY crowded.  There were more crimes as people got fed better in prisons.

40 The Famine : The Facts  The Famine (also known as the Gorta Mór) lasted from 1845 to  90,000 evictions occurred during the Famine and over 1 million people died due to fever and starvation.

41 Fenians 19 th century (by Donal, Glory and Emma Colwell)

42 Secret Society The Fenians - a secret revolutionary society organized in 1858 in Ireland and the United States.

43 About the Fenians The Fenians were from Ireland. They were mainly farmers and middle class people. The Fenians were also called the Irish Republic Brotherhood (IRB).

44 James Stephens In Ireland the movement was led by James Stephens ( ). In 1863 Stephens founded the newspaper ‘The Irish People’ which promoted Fenian ideals and helped to attract new recruits.

45 The Spread of the Fenians The Fenians spread throughout the country. From America, there came promises of money and arms, but little arrived.

46 The Fenian Rising In February 1867, there was an unsuccessful rising in Kerry. In March, other failed risings took place in Cork City, Limerick and Dublin. The largest of these took place in Tallaght where several hundred Fenians were involved.

47 Emigration As a result, vast numbers of embittered Irish men emigrated to the United States, Australia and South America where they redoubled their agitation against England.

48 The Fenian movement. The Fenians movement continued until World War 1, but its influence was largely drawn off into new a organization - Sinn Féin (founded by Arthur Griffith, a former Fenian).

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50 Early Life  Davitt was evicted from his home aged 9.  He was forced to leave his home in Mayo and move to Great Britain.

51 A Bad Accident When he was 11, he lost his right arm in a factory accident.

52 Davitt in the Fenians  Davitt joined the Irish Republican Brotherhood (Fenians) in 1860s.  They tried to start a revolution but it failed badly.

53 Davitt in prison  Davitt was arrested in London in  He was jailed until 1877 and he then emigrated to America.

54 Land League Michael Davitt founded the Land League in Castlebar, Co. Mayo, along with Charles Stewart Parnell on the 16 th of August 1879 Land League meetings were held every Sunday.

55 Aims of the Land League The “Three F’s” i.e. Fair Rent Fixity of Tenure (meaning that a tenant could not be evicted if he had paid the rent) and Free Sale (that Irish owners be able to sell their land to whom they liked for a fair price)

56 More Rights It was mainly through Michael Davitt’s efforts that “the three F’s” were finally granted to the Land League.

57 Death He died on 30 th of May 1906.

58 Charles Stewart Parnell 19 th Century (27 June 1846 – 6 October 1891) (by Rachel O’Hanlon and Jade)

59 Who was he? A Protestant landlord, Charles Stewart Parnell led the Irish members of the British House of Commons in the fight for an Irish parliament. He failed to win Home Rule, but his work helped Ireland on its journey to freedom.

60 Who was he? He joined the Irish Parliamentary Party and became its leader. He joined the Irish Parliamentary Party and became its leader. The members of his party spoke for hours in the House of Commons to keep the British leaders from doing what they wanted. The members of his party spoke for hours in the House of Commons to keep the British leaders from doing what they wanted.

61 Uncrowned King Parnell travelled to America to raise money for the nationalist movement in Ireland. He raised £26,000 and many referred to Parnell as the "Uncrowned King of Ireland". Parnell travelled to America to raise money for the nationalist movement in Ireland. He raised £26,000 and many referred to Parnell as the "Uncrowned King of Ireland".

62 Did you know? Did you know?  Parnell’s friend, Joe Biggar MP (for Cavan) made the longest speech EVER in the House of Commons which lasted over 41 hours!  Lavey Joe Biggars GFC is named after him.

63 Downfall  In 1889, Parnell and his partner, Kitty O’ Shea were involved in a divorce scandal in the newspapers.

64 Downfall  Some people thought that Parnell had not behaved as he should have.  Not long after, he became ill and died (on the 6th of October 1891).

65 Parnell Parnell brought the whole issue of Home Rule to the attention of those in Britain.Home Rule He helped to create a political party with members working together as a team. He gained the support of Britain's most important politician at that time - William Gladstone William Gladstone Parnell brought the whole issue of Home Rule to the attention of those in Britain.Home Rule He helped to create a political party with members working together as a team. He gained the support of Britain's most important politician at that time - William Gladstone William Gladstone

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67 Literacy The culture of Ireland underwent a massive change in the 19 th century. Irish people could only speak English and speaking Irish was prohibited.

68 Literacy This process was started in the 1820’s. Irish nationalists began a “Gaelic Revival”, in the late 19 th century.

69 In 1893 the Gaelic League was established to promote all aspects of Irish culture and dancing. Irish dance was taught by Dance Masters. The Gaelic League

70 The GAA The GAA began in It was founded on Saturday, 1 st November, in the Lizzie’s Mayes Hotel, Thurles, Tipperary.

71 The Abbey Theatre The Abbey Theatre was founded in 1904 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory. Yeats encouraged Irish writers to write about Irish life and traditions.

72 The Cultural Revival The cultural revival was a partial success. The GAA is still going strong today. The Gaelic League was not as successful in persuading people to speak Irish.

73 The End


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