2Bell work What causes people to rebel? Give an example of when you have rebelled and why?What actions justify overthrowing or changing a government?What, if any, changes do you believe the current government of the U.S should make? Explain your answer.
3Background information Mercantilism: Economic theory: all wealth is limited, one nation’s gain is another’s loss, goal is more exports less imports, encourage European powers to develop coloniesColonies exist to make the ‘parent’ country wealthyNavigation Act: series of laws passed by the British Parliament ’s, required all colonial imports and exports to be on British or American ships and may only sail to British or American portsSalutary Neglect: lack of strict enforcement of the law by British and colonial authorities over trade, practiced until 1763Example: American colonist routinely smuggle cheaper French molasses for the production of rum.
4The French and Indian War MapOutcomeEngland gains control of most of North AmericaEngland’s debt increaseTax colonists to pay for the war
5The Albany Plan of Union and a famous cartoon.. Benjamin Franklin proposed the first plan to unite the coloniesAttempted for defense and to win the Iroquois Nation support
6Pontiac’s Rebellion and The Proclamation of 1763 Pontiac was Ottawa chief who leda movement to drive colonist east of the Appalachian mountains.Proclamation of 1763:Upsets the colonies!Resistance: Slowly continue to move West
7Colonial TaxesMain Idea: Colonist’s feel they are being treated unfairly, they have no actual representation in Parliament.Writs of Assistance British begin enforcing general search warrants to search any colonial ship, warehouse, or homeSugar and Molasses Act tax on all foreign sugar, molasses, indigo, coffee, wine, 2. established vice-admiralty courts to enforce British laws and carry out search warrantsCurrency Act bans all colonial paper money, must use gold or silver coins(shortage in the colonies)Quartering Act-1765-Colonist must pay for housing and feeding British troops in the colonies (over 10,000 redcoats)
8The Stamp Act(1765)Video questions: Why was the Stamp Act created? What did the Stamp Act tax? Why was this a big deal?
9Colonial Protest and The Stamp Act Congress(1765) Slogan: “No Taxation without Representation”3 Ways of Resistance:Nonimportation Agreement or Boycott of British goods(Daughters of Liberty)Mob action/violence(Loyal Nine, Sons of Liberty)Stamp Act CongressResult: Repeal of the Stamp ActBritish Response: Declaratory Act: Parliament has the right to make any laws necessary in regard to the American colonies!
10More Taxes: Townshend Act 1767: Tax all imports to the colonies from Great Britain such as steel, iron, tea, glass, paper.Colonist’s Reaction: Continue boycotting British goods, harass British tax collectors, Sons and Daughters of LibertyResult: British repeal all of the taxes except the one on tea.
11Primary Source Reading Assignments 1. Unity or Division1-6 on the back2. Changing the Hearts and Minds1 and 2 on the top1-3 on the bottom3. The Colonist React to the Stamp Act
12The Boston Massacre:Two Sides To Every Story Paul Revere (1770)
13The Boston Massacre: Two Sides to Every Story Alonzo Chappel (1868)
14The Boston Massacre: Two Sides to Every Story In a small group, analyze all the information and answer the following: Video/Pictures/ Reading Questions 1. What is the message of each of the photos of the Boston Massacre? 2. After viewing all the information, list the inaccuracies of both photos. Which is the most accurate? 3. Who was Crispus Attucks? 4. Was this really a “massacre”? 5. Summarize each side’s story of the event.
15The Tea Act and The Boston Tea Party 1773-Tea Act: Implements a monopoly by the British East India Company over tea in AmericaCompany carry tea in their own ships, use own merchantsColonists refuse to let the tea to enter, protest/attack tax collectorsDecember 16, 1773The Sons of Liberty, organized by Samuel Adams and John Hancock, board ships in Boston harbor and destroy thousands of pounds of tea
16Intolerable Acts -1774 British response to Tea Party 1.Closes the Boston port2.Increases power of the royal governors3. Justice Act-British officials accused of crimes can be triedin England4.Expanded the Quartering Act( soldiers can occupy private homes)
17First Continental Congress Philadelphia in September 1774, delegates from all the colonies except Georgia1.Petition King and Parliamentover their grievances(deprived of life, liberty andProperty)2.Ban importation ofall British goods (The Association)3. Create colonial militias(minutemen)Agree to meet in May if situation continues
18Lexington and Concord: The Shot Heard Around the World British declare Massachusetts in a state of rebellionBritish General Thomas Gage is sent in disarm the Americans at Concord and arrest colonial leaders(Samuel Adam/John Hancock)April 19, Lexington and Concord video: The Story of US1. List 3 facts about the colonial militias.2. Who warns the militias of the British soldiers?3. List 5 facts about the Battle of Lexington and Battle of Concord.
19Breed’s and Bunker Hill May 1775 outside of BostonBritish land with more troops over the winterGerman mercenaries “Hessians”British General Thomas Gage attempts to over run fortified American positionsBritish use frontal assault to demonstrate strengthPlan back fires over a 1,000 British are killed or wounded before the Americans run out of ammunition
20Second Continental Congress May 1775, Philadelphia, PADivided over next step(New England favors independence, Middle Colonies hesitant)Olive Branch Petition-Plea to King George III to intercedeCalled on colonial militias to take up arms(declare war)Create the Continental ArmyAppoints George Washington as commander of the military
21Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published in January of 1776, this document laid out a clear and simple “common sense” argument for complete independence from Great BritainWidely circulated, 120,000 copies in the first three months!Influences the decision for IndependenceReading Assignment(10 points)
22Review: Causes of the Revolution 1763-1776 EventPontiac’s RebellionSugar /Currency Act/Writs of AssistanceStamp ActTownshendActQuarteringParliament aidsBritish East IndiaCompanyEffectProclamation of 1763British begin to tax goods and tighten the laws in the coloniesTaxed many articles and papers, first direct taxTaxed imported tea, paper, glass, wine, paint, steel, ironLarge number of British troops who need to be housed and fed by the colonistsTea monopoly in the coloniesReaction orResultColonists angry, continue to move west of the AppalachiansSmuggling, protest letters to Prime Minister Grenville“no taxation without representation”Boycotts, protests, Sons and Daughters of Liberty, Stamp Act CongressProtests and boycottsBoston MassacreBoston Tea Party
23Review: Causes of the Revolution 1763-1776 EventIntolerable ActsLexington, Concord, Bunker HillEffectFirst Continental CongressThomas Paine’s Common SenseReaction/ResultCreation of colonial militias, bans trade with EnglandDeclaration of Independence
24Advantages and Disadvantages: U.S. vs. Great Britain Washington’s LeadershipVolunteer army untrainedLarge, well trained armyWar is unpopular at homeSpy systemLack of supplies and fundsSupplies and FundsFar from homeAmerican’s believed in the causeOutnumberedMercenariesLack of support from soldiersDefending their home and landLarge navyCautious GeneralsHit and Run TacticsNative American alliesAlliance with France
25Bell work Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? What are 2 key ideas from the document?
26Declaring Independence…… June 1776 a committee of 5 is assigned by Congress to draft a formal declaration of independence. Thomas Jefferson drafts the document July 4, 1776 approved the document
27The Document Four main parts 1. Preamble: explains why the document was created2. Declaration of Natural Rights: Most important and influentialAll men are created equalAll people possess certain basic right(life, liberty, and the pursuit of happinessGovernments are created to secure these right and receive their power from the peoplePeople have the right and duty to alter or abolish governments3. List of Grievances: complaints against the King and Parliament4. Resolution of Independence: Declares the colonies as “free and independent states”
28AssignmentIn a group of 2 or 3, re-write the Declaration of Natural Rights section of the document.Add or remove anythingDue Tomorrow-Tuesday September 24
29Revolutionary War Project Task: Alone or in a group of no more than 3, create a scrapbook, power point or video on the American Revolution.Requirements: choose the number of topics you are doing based on the grade you want. All information should be in your own words and each topic should include a picture.Project will be 50 points and due next Tuesday, Oct. 1.Items to include:1. Cover page: Your names, a picture2. Timeline of events-1763 to 1783(minimum of ten events of timeline)3. Key Events (pre-war): French and Indian war, Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Tea Act, Intolerable Acts, Quartering Act, Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre, Common Sense, Committee of Correspondence, Sons of Liberty, etcFor each event focus on the who, what, where, when, why and importance for the summary of each event. Each one should include a picture3-C, 4-B, 5-A
30Revolutionary War Project 4. Key Battles (war events): Lexington/Concord, Trenton, Valley Forge, Saratoga, Yorktown, EtcFor each battle focus on the who, what, where, when, why and importance for the summary of each event. Each one should include a picture.3-C, 4-B, 5-A5. Key People- Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Adams, Benedict Arnold, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, King George III, Lord Cornwallis, etc)4-C, 5-B, 6-AExplain who they are, what they do and why it is important, include a picture of each.6. European Involvement- France, Spain. Include what they do and how it helps the Americans ( 1 is all that is required)7. Role of Women, Native Americans, African-AmericansInclude what role each group plays in the war and summarize the significance of their contributions to the war.1-C, 2-B, 3-A8. Vocabulary/ Maps/ FlagsInclude one map of battles, one flag with a summary of the meaning, define the following terms: Loyalists, mercenaries, Tories, Patriots, Minutemen, Guerilla Warfare, Boycott, Traitor