Presentation on theme: "Why did Chinese immigrants come to the United States?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Why did Chinese immigrants come to the United States? Asian ImmigrationWhy did Chinese immigrants come to the United States?
2 I. Mid-1800s Chinese population Reached about 430 million Suffering UnemploymentPovertyFamineTaiping RebellionErupted in 1850Insurrection caused so much more suffering1860s construction on the Central Pacific Railroad beganRailroad work caused a demand for further Chinese immigration
3 II. Settling of Asian Immigrants ChineseSettled mainly in western citiesEmploymentLaborersServantsSkilled tradesMerchantsJapaneseImmigration soars between 1900 and 1910CausesIndustrializationEconomic problems
4 III. Angel Island Prior to 1910 Asian immigrants entered through California through San FranciscoMukuk (wooden house)A 2-story shed located at the wharfHeld as many as 500 people at a timeJanuary 1910California opened a barracks for Asian immigrantsMost were young men in their teens or twentiesThey could wait for monthsSeveral immigrants recorded their journey anonymously on the walls
5 There are tens of thousands of poems on these walls They are all cries of suffering and sadness The day I am rid of this prison and become successful I must remember that this chapter once existed I must be frugal in my dailyneeds Needless extravagance usually leads to ruin All my compatriots should remember China Once you have made some small gains, you should return home early. Written by one from Heungshan
6 IV. Restrictions on Asian Immigration Anti-Chinese sentimentLead to racial violenceDenis Kearney, an Irish immigrantOrganized the Workingman’s Party of California to fight Chinese immigrationParty won seats in the California legislature and pushed to cut off Chinese immigration
7 Chinese Exclusion Act1882, Congress passed this into lawBarred Chinese immigration for 10 yearsPrevented the Chinese already in the country from becoming citizensChinese reactionLetter writing campaigns to PresidentFile suit in federal courtAll efforts fail to repeal the lawCongressional actionRenewed in 1892Permanent in 1902Repealed in 1943
8 Response to Japanese immigration San Francisco Board of EducationOrdered “all Chinese and Korean” children to attend the racially segregated “Oriental School” in the city’s Chinatown neighborhood.The directive caused an international incidentJapan saw this as an insult to the treatment of its people.Theodore Roosevelt“Gentleman’s Agreement”He would limit Japanese immigrationSchool board had to rescind its segregation orderT.R. negotiated a decrease in Japanese immigration with JapanBoard revoked its segregation orderLeaders of both countries had to uphold the agreement
9 Review Questions Why did Chinese immigrants come to the United States? Why did Japanese immigrants come to the United States?Why did the federal government pass the Chinese Exclusion Act?What government actions limited Asian immigration?Explain the significance of Angel Island.Explain the significance of the Chinese Exclusion Act.Explain the significance of the “Gentleman’s Agreement.”1.5
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