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Lesson 6.1b: Tighter British Control. Today we will discuss the Stamp Act and relate colonists’ actions to its repeal.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 6.1b: Tighter British Control. Today we will discuss the Stamp Act and relate colonists’ actions to its repeal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 6.1b: Tighter British Control

2 Today we will discuss the Stamp Act and relate colonists’ actions to its repeal.

3 VOCABULARY relate : describe the connection between two things describe the connection between two things boycott : a protest based on non– participation, usually a refusal to buy merchant : someone who owns a store and sells things to his customers someone who owns a store and sells things to his customers repeal : to take back a law. to take back a law.

4 Check for Understanding What are we going to do today? How are you related to your cousin? What is one school rule you’d like to see repealed? How is a merchant related to his merchandise? Would you boycott a merchant that did not treat its employees well?

5 What We Already Know Britain has a huge debt to repay as a result of the French and Indian War.

6 What We Already Know The British Government (Parliament) began to pass laws designed to raise revenue such as the Sugar Act. They passed the Quartering Act to help control expenses.

7 What We Already Know People in the colonies, who were used to running their affairs without interference from Parliament, became angry with the British Government because of these laws.

8 The Stamp Act of 1765 In order to raise additional revenue, Parliament enacted The Stamp Act in It required colonists to buy and place stamps on many items such as diplomas, contracts, and newspapers.

9 The Stamp Act of 1765 While the Sugar Act had mainly affected merchants and importers, the Stamp Act affected all colonists directly.

10 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

11 3. What was the Stamp Act? A. It levied a tax on all legal and commercial documents. B. It was a direct tax on all the colonists, unlike the Sugar Act. D. It reduced the penalties for smuggling. C. It gave the colonies representation in Parliament. E. It replaced the Sugar Act as a way of generating revenue. (Choose all that are true.)

12 4. How was the Stamp Act different from the Sugar Act? A. The Stamp Act was passed by Parliament, but the colonial assemblies passed the Sugar Act. B. The Sugar Act reduced the penalties for smuggling, while the Stamp Act increased them. D. The Stamp Act taxed the colonists while the Sugar Act taxed trade. C. Unlike the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act was meant to create revenue. (Choose all that are true.)

13 The Stamp Act Angered Colonists Britain taxed the colonists even though they sent no elected representatives to Parliament. The colonists felt that this was against their rights as British citizens.

14 “No taxation without representation” was the colonial battle cry.“No taxation without representation” was the colonial battle cry. They colonists insisted that only the colonial assemblies – not Parliament – could tax the colonies.They colonists insisted that only the colonial assemblies – not Parliament – could tax the colonies. Protests Against the Stamp Act Delegates from nine colonies met in New York City (the Stamp Act Congress) and drew up a petition of protest to the king.Delegates from nine colonies met in New York City (the Stamp Act Congress) and drew up a petition of protest to the king.

15 The colonists organized a boycott of British goods (a refusal to buy goods).The colonists organized a boycott of British goods (a refusal to buy goods). Secret groups (e.g., the Sons of Liberty) formed, and began to organize protests against British policies.Secret groups (e.g., the Sons of Liberty) formed, and began to organize protests against British policies. Colonial Merchants Protested

16 A and B How did the colonists react to the Stamp Act ? Take out you chart and discuss how what you are going to do to fill out your next two boxes.

17 Britain's Problem Britain's Solution Colonists’ Reaction Preventing Indian uprisings Proclamation of 1763 – banned settlement west of the Appalachians Anger; many simply ignored the law and moved west anyway Providing for soldiers who keep the peace in the colonies Quartering Act (1765) colonists must house & feed British soldiers Anger and resentment; complained to each other Paying for war debts Sugar Act (1764) tax on sugar, molasses & other imports Smuggling increased; complained to Parliament Maintain control over the colonies Stamp Act (1765) Boycotts and protests; Stamp Act Congress assembled

18 Merchants in Britain, whose trade had been hurt by the boycotts, began to complain to Parliament.Merchants in Britain, whose trade had been hurt by the boycotts, began to complain to Parliament. At the same time,At the same time, Parliament passed the Parliament passed the Declaratory Act which stated that “Parliament has the right to govern and tax the colonies!” Declaratory Act which stated that “Parliament has the right to govern and tax the colonies!” Repeal of the Stamp Act Under pressure from home and the colonies, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.Under pressure from home and the colonies, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.

19 Reaction to the Declaratory Act Colonists celebrated the repeal of the Stamp Act. For the most part they ignored the Declaratory Act. All the while, tensions continued to build between the colonists and the British Government.

20 Britain's Problem Britain's Solution Colonists’ Reaction Preventing Indian uprisings Proclamation of 1763 – banned settlement west of the Appalachians Anger; many simply ignored the law and moved west anyway Providing for soldiers who keep the peace in the colonies Quartering Act (1765) colonists must house & feed British soldiers Anger and resentment; complained to each other Paying for war debts Sugar Act (1764) tax on sugar, molasses & other imports Smuggling increased; complained to Parliament Maintain control over the colonies Stamp Act (1765) Boycotts and protests; Stamp Act Congress assembled Celebrated the repeal of the Stamp Act, ignoring the Declaratory Act Declaratory Act (1766)

21 A and B Discuss Why do you think the colonists pretty much ignored the Declaratory Act. Do you think the Declaratory Act increased or decreased tension between the colonists and the British Government.


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