2Today we will discuss the Stamp Act and relate colonists’ actions to its repeal.
3VOCABULARY relate : describe the connection between two things repeal :to take back a law.boycott :a protest based on non–participation, usually a refusal to buymerchant :someone who owns a store and sells things to his customers
4Check for Understanding What are we going to do today?How are you related to your cousin?What is one school rule you’d like to see repealed?How is a merchant related to his merchandise?Would you boycott a merchant that did not treat its employees well?
5What We Already KnowBritain has a huge debt to repay as a result of the French and Indian War.Mayflower Compact = self rule
6What We Already KnowThe British Government (Parliament) began to pass laws designed to raise revenue such as the Sugar Act.They passed the Quartering Act to help control expenses.Mayflower Compact = self rule
7What We Already KnowPeople in the colonies, who were used to running their affairs without interference from Parliament, became angry with the British Government because of these laws.Mayflower Compact = self rule
8The Stamp Act of 1765In order to raise additional revenue, Parliament enacted The Stamp Act in 1765.It required colonists to buy and place stamps on many items such as diplomas, contracts, and newspapers.
9The Stamp Act of 1765While the Sugar Act had mainly affected merchantsand importers, theStamp Act affectedall colonistsdirectly.
11(Choose all that are true.) 3. What was the Stamp Act?A. It levied a tax on all legal and commercial documents.B. It was a direct tax on all the colonists, unlike the Sugar Act.C. It gave the colonies representation in Parliament.D. It reduced the penalties for smuggling.E. It replaced the Sugar Act as a way of generating revenue.(Choose all that are true.)
12(Choose all that are true.) 4. How was the Stamp Act different from the Sugar Act?A. The Stamp Act was passed by Parliament, but the colonial assemblies passed the Sugar Act.B. The Sugar Act reduced the penalties for smuggling, while the Stamp Act increased them.C. Unlike the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act was meant to create revenue.D. The Stamp Act taxed the colonists while the Sugar Act taxed trade.(Choose all that are true.)
13The Stamp Act Angered Colonists Britain taxed the colonists even though they sent no elected representatives to Parliament.The colonists felt that this was against their rights as British citizens.
14Protests Against the Stamp Act “No taxation without representation” was the colonial battle cry.Delegates from nine colonies met in New York City (the Stamp Act Congress) and drew up a petition of protest to the king.They colonists insisted that only the colonial assemblies – not Parliament – could tax the colonies.
15Colonial Merchants Protested The colonists organized a boycott of British goods (a refusal to buy goods).Secret groups (e.g., the Sons of Liberty) formed, and began to organize protests against British policies.
16A and B How did the colonists react to the Stamp Act ? Take out you chart and discuss how what you are going to do to fill out your next two boxes.
17Britain's Problem Britain's Solution Colonists’ Reaction Preventing Indian uprisingsProclamation of 1763 – banned settlement west of the AppalachiansAnger; many simply ignored the law and moved west anywayProviding for soldiers who keep the peace in the coloniesQuartering Act (1765) colonists must house & feed British soldiersAnger and resentment; complained to each otherPaying for war debtsSugar Act (1764) tax on sugar, molasses & other importsSmuggling increased; complained to ParliamentMaintain control over the coloniesBoycotts and protests; Stamp Act Congress assembledStamp Act (1765)
18Repeal of the Stamp ActMerchants in Britain, whose trade had been hurt by the boycotts, began to complain to Parliament.Under pressure from home and the colonies, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.At the same time,Parliament passed theDeclaratory Act which stated that “Parliament has the right to govern and tax the colonies!”
19Reaction to the Declaratory Act Colonists celebrated the repeal of the Stamp Act.For the most part they ignored the Declaratory Act.All the while, tensions continued to build between the colonists and the British Government.
20Britain's Problem Britain's Solution Colonists’ Reaction Preventing Indian uprisingsProclamation of 1763 – banned settlement west of the AppalachiansAnger; many simply ignored the law and moved west anywayProviding for soldiers who keep the peace in the coloniesQuartering Act (1765) colonists must house & feed British soldiersAnger and resentment; complained to each otherPaying for war debtsSugar Act (1764) tax on sugar, molasses & other importsSmuggling increased; complained to ParliamentMaintain control over the coloniesBoycotts and protests; Stamp Act Congress assembledStamp Act (1765)Celebrated the repeal of the Stamp Act, ignoring the Declaratory ActDeclaratory Act (1766)
21A and B DiscussWhy do you think the colonists pretty much ignored the Declaratory Act.Do you think the Declaratory Act increased or decreased tension between the colonists and the British Government.