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The Constitution and the Amendment Process. Amendment a change in the words or meaning of a law or document (such as a constitution)

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Presentation on theme: "The Constitution and the Amendment Process. Amendment a change in the words or meaning of a law or document (such as a constitution)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Constitution and the Amendment Process

2 Amendment a change in the words or meaning of a law or document (such as a constitution)

3 Methods of Proposal

4 Method 1 By 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate [most common method of proposing an amendment]

5 Methods of Proposal Method 2 By national constitutional convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the state legislatures [This method has never been used] Method 1 By 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate [most common method of proposing an amendment] Or

6 Methods of Ratification

7 Method 1 By legislatures in ¾ of the states [in all but one case, this is how amendments have been ratified]

8 Methods of Ratification Method 2 Ratified through conventions in ¾ of the states. [Only been used once to ratify the 21 st Amendment] Method 1 By legislatures in ¾ of the states [in all but one case, this is how amendments have been ratified] Or

9 Amendment Process Methods of Proposal Method 1 By 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate Or Method 2 By national constitutional convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the state legislatures Methods of Ratification Method 1 By legislatures in ¾ of the states Or Method 2 Ratified through conventions in ¾ of the states.

10 Suggested Amendment Topics Flag burning Allow non-natural born citizens to become President Official language(s) of U.S. Definition of marriage Prayer in school Balanced budget Electoral College Terms limits on U.S. Senators & Representatives Access to medical care for all citizens Death penalty Campaign Finance

11 Proposed Amendments 1876: an attempt to abolish the United States Senate 1876: the forbidding of religious leaders from occupying a governmental office or receiving federal funding 1878: an Executive Council of Three should replace the office of President 1893: renaming this nation the “United States of the Earth” 1893: abolishing the United States Army and Navy 1894: acknowledging that the Constitution recognizes God and Jesus Christ as the supreme authorities in human affairs. 1912: making marriage between races illegal 1914: finding divorce to be illegal 1933: an attempt to limit the personal wealth to $1 million 1936: an attempt to allow the American people to vote on whether or not the United States should go to war 1938: the forbidding of drunkenness in the United States and all of its territories 1947: the income tax maximum for an individual should not exceed 25% 1948: the right of citizens to segregate themselves from others 1971: American citizens should have the alienable right to an environment free of pollution.

12 Proposed Amendments Lower age of House of Rep. to 21 years Lower age of House of Rep. to 21 years Allow Congress to pass laws for emergency replenishment if ¼ is killed Allow Congress to pass laws for emergency replenishment if ¼ is killed To clarify the meaning of the 2 nd amendment To clarify the meaning of the 2 nd amendment To repeal income tax To repeal income tax To enable or repeal laws by popular vote To enable or repeal laws by popular vote

13 Political Cartoon #1 Political Cartoon #1 Title: Flag Burning Amendment Gary Markstein, Wisconsin, The Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, July 18, 2005,

14 Political Cartoon #2 Political Cartoon #2 Title: Flag Burning Steve Breen, The San Diego Union-Tribune, July 25, 2005

15 Political Cartoon #3 Political Cartoon #3 Title: Gay Marriage Amendment Mike Lane, Cagle Cartoons. Feb. 26, 2004


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