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Governing New Territories Treaty of Paris of 1763 – France gave up its North American empire Britain now control land from Appalachian Mtns. to Mississippi.

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Presentation on theme: "Governing New Territories Treaty of Paris of 1763 – France gave up its North American empire Britain now control land from Appalachian Mtns. to Mississippi."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Governing New Territories Treaty of Paris of 1763 – France gave up its North American empire Britain now control land from Appalachian Mtns. to Mississippi River Farmers and land speculators moved to new region Everyone seemed to be ignoring the American Indian claim to the land

3 American Indian Resistance British limited the amount of ammunition and rum available for trade with Indians Naturally this angered many American Indians Considered trade items as fair payment for land Neolin (American Indian), denounced European goods and urged other Indians to drive out the British Pontiac’s Rebellion – in 1763, many Indian tribes took up arms against the British Killed over 2000 troops Rebellion ended when Pontiac could not take Fort Detroit or Fort Pitt (lack of supplies and cold winter)

4 The Proclamation of 1763 Although British held military control in “Frontier”, could not successfully protect all British settlers Proclamation of 1763 barred settlement west of Appalachians Hard to enforce, many colonists land hungry and continued to move west [Colonists resented the Proclamation]

5 Financing the Empire British in major debt after war, put some of the financial burden on the backs of the colonists – creating more resentment Question became how to raise revenue ($$$) TAXES Sugar Act of 1764 – import tax on foreign sugar, molasses, and a few other items…. ***not first tax on sugar or molasses, but first time it was seriously enforced Colonists could no longer smuggle goods into the colonies

6 Financing the Empires Sugar Act decreased business for colonial merchants who profited from smuggling Often refused to cooperate with inspectors of the Royal Navy in shipyards Controversy continued….. In 1765, Parliament slapped another tax….. Stamp Act of 1765 Placed a tax on anything printed….

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8 Colonial Protests British officials were unprepared for the colonial resistance Parliament passed act without any direct representation from colonies… “No taxation without representation” May 1765, VA House of Burgesses passed several resolutions condemning the Stamp Act

9 A Call to Action Colonists signed non-importation agreements Promised not to buy or import British goods Protesters hit the streets, sometimes violently Edenezer MacIntosh led a violent protest destroying the property of a stamp agent Boston Sons of Liberty – artisans, lawyers, merchants, politicians

10 Repeal of Stamp Act Samuel Adams – elected to Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1765 Became a leader in the fight for the colonists October 1765, delegates from 9 colonies gathered in NYC – Stamp Act Congress Pledged obedience to Parliament Voiced objections to Stamp Act – had no right to tax colonists British merchants who were losing business joined in the protests REPEALED in March 1776 Declaratory Act of 1766 – asserted full power and authority of Parliament

11 The Townsend Acts Charles Townsend, a British finance minister, believed colonists resented the Stamp Act because it was collected in the colonies Townsend believed they would be willing to accept taxes at colonial ports Townsend Acts of 1767 Import taxes on tea, lead, glass, dyes British custom officials used writs of assistance to enforce act – meaning they could search anything

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13 Colonial Opposition Powerful opposition from the colonists Crown placed additional soldiers in colonies NY’s assembly imposed the Quartering Act of 1765 Refused to provided money to quarter the soldiers

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15 The Boston Massacre On March 5, 1770, an angry crowd gathered outside a customs house Crowed yelled insults, threw snowballs, rocks, and coal at the soldiers Before long, a soldier’s gun went off, 3 colonists lay dead, 2 more die later

16 Continuing Unrest… 1770, partial repeal of the Townsend Act, Quartering Act expired British kept a small tax on tea King George – “always must be one tax to keep up the right” Repeal quieted general unrest, for a little while 1772, Parliament announced it would pay salaries of governor and judges in Mass. Feared they would now ignore colonial demands

17 The Tea Act of 1773 British East India Company almost bankrupt To save company – Parliament passed Tea Act Excused the company from paying certain taxes and permitted the company to see directly to American agents Most colonists refused to buy Tea Sons of Liberty in Philadelphia and NYC threatened tea importers and boycotted

18 Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 Governor refused colonist’s demands Later that night, dressed as Indians, a well-organized group of colonists boarded tea ships in Boston Harbor Dumped 342 chests of tea into water

19 Intolerable Acts of 1774 Boston Tea Party infuriated British officials Parliament responded by passing the Coercive Acts – designed to strengthen British control in Mass. Colonists Called these Acts the Intolerable Acts Colonists had to repay for lost tea – Ports closed indefinitely Forbade colonists from holding town meetings Royal officials charged of crimes to be tired in other colonies Local officials had to provide housing and food for British soldiers

20 The Intolerable Acts deepened Colonial hostility toward Britain Along with the Quebec Act, which extended Quebec territory south, angered colonists Move towards colonial unity…. Thus begins the Revolutionary War…

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22 First Continental Congress Philadelphia – October 26, 1774 Every colony except for GA represented -1 st time colonies really acted as one Not a lawmaking body – met to air grievances and consider their options Stay with Britain or declare independence Declaration of Resolves Expressed loyalty to the British crown, stated that colonists had rights as British subjects Colonists had “free and exclusive power of legislation in their several provincial legislatures” Called for a ban on all trade with Britain Agreed to meet again in May 1775 King George III saw this as the last straw…….rebellion must be shut down

23 Lexington and Concord Under orders from King George III – General Thomas Gage decided to seize rebel military supplies in Concord, Mass. April 18, 1775, under night sky, 750 British troops left Boston toward Concord The Patriots (colonists who supported independence) had placed watchmen on the shore of the Charles River As Gage moved in close, Paul Revere ran back yelling “The British are coming!”

24 April 19 th, 70 minutemen waited for the arrival of the British British finally arrive – “Lay down your arms rebels, and disperse” Colonists began to flee and then out of nowhere (each accusing the other) a shot was fired – “shot heard round the world” British open fire – 8 colonists dead, 10 wounded British marched on towards the rebels military supplies in Concord As the British headed back to Boston, 100s of minutemen from behind stone walls open fire of the red coats 273 British soldiers dead

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