$100 $100 What were two effects of the French and Indian War on Britain?
-Britain was the strongest nation in the world -Britain was in debt
$200 $200 What did the Proclamation of 1763 say?
It banned colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mtns. Settlers who were already living there had to move to a location east of the Appalachian Mtns
$300 $300 Why did Britain pass the Proclamation of 1763?
Britain wanted to avoid further wars with Native Americans on the frontier.
$400 $400 What did the Quartering Act say?
The colonists had to quarter or house British troops and provide them with food and other supplies.
$500 $500 Why was the Stamp Act passed?
It was another way for Britain to raise money to pay their debt from the French and Indian War.
$100 $100 Why did the colonists object to the Stamp Act?
Colonists felt this was unjust. The tax, they claimed, went against the principle that there should be “No taxation without representation.” This principle was rooted in the Magna Carta. Colonists insisted that only they or their elected representatives had the right to pass taxes. Since colonists did not elect representatives to Parliament, Parliament had no right to tax them. The colonists were willing to pay taxes –but only if they were passed by their own colonial legislatures.
$200 $200 What was the Stamp Act a tax on?
This required that all colonists buy special tax stamps for all kinds of products and activities. The stamps had to be placed on newspapers, wills, licenses, insurance policies, land titles, contracts and other legal documents.
$300 $300 Identify two effects of the Stamp Act? What did the colonists do?
There were protests throughout the colonies. Many merchants organized boycotts (an organized campaign to refuse to buy certain products) of British goods. Delegates from nine colonies met in NY for a Stamp Act Congress. They sent a petition ( a written request to a government). This petition demanded that the king and Parliament end the Sugar and Stamp Act.
$400 $400 Why did Britain repeal the Stamp Act?
The boycott of British goods took its toll. Trade fell of by 14%. British merchants and workers who made goods for the colonies were losing money. The protests worked. Parliament repealed (cancelled) the Stamp Act.
$500 $500 What did the Declaratory Act say?
Parliament still has total authority over the colonies.
$100 $100 What was the purpose of the Declaratory Act? (Why did Britain pass it?)
Britain passed this to prove that although they were forced to repeal the Stamp Act because they were losing money, they still had power over the colonies. They didn’t want the colonies to think they could tell Britain what to do
$200 $200 List 5 items the Townshend Acts put a tax on.
Lead, Paper, Paint, Glass and Tea
$300 $300 What were the writs of assistance?
Court orders that allowed officials to make searches without saying for what they were searching
$400 Why did the colonists object to the writs of assistance ?
Colonists protested that the writs of assistance also violated their rights as English citizens. Under British law an official could not search a person’s property without a good reason for suspecting the owner of a crime
$500 What did colonists do to protest the Townshend Acts?
Merchants signed non- importation agreements. In these agreements, they promised to stop importing goods taxed by the Townshend Acts. Once again the protests worked. The boycott hurt British merchants and manufacturers so they put pressure on Parliament to take back the tax. Merchants signed non- importation agreements. In these agreements, they promised to stop importing goods taxed by the Townshend Acts. Once again the protests worked. The boycott hurt British merchants and manufacturers so they put pressure on Parliament to take back the tax.
$100 Why did Britain keep the tax on tea when it repealed all taxes on all the other products?
. Parliament repealed all the taxes except the tax on tea. That was left to demonstrate that Parliament did have the right to tax the colonies.
$200 Define boycott.
an organized campaign to refuse to buy certain products
$300 Define repeal.
$400 Define petition
A formal written request to someone in authority that is signed by a group of people
$500 $500 Define duty
$100 $100 List the differences between Paul Revere’s engraving and what actually happened.
-there is no snow in the engraving -only 5 colonists were killed he shows more -the soldiers were not actually in formation as he makes it look in the engraving. -the colonists are not surrounding the soldiers in engraving when in fact they did -the colonists in the engraving aren’t throwing anything at the soldiers -In the engraving the soldier in the back appears to be yelling “fire”. He did not actually order his men to fire. -The British soldiers reaction was panic not a deliberate massacre as Revere makes is appear -the building in the back was not actually called “Butcher’s Hall”. He called it that to imply that the soldiers were “Butchers”.
$200 How did Revere’s engraving turn many colonists against the British? Why did he make it that way?
The engraving portrayed the colonists as innocent victims in the massacre. It does not show them provoking the soldiers at all. He drew it this way to influence the opinions of the colonists. He wanted to convince them to fight against British rule.