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Causes Land Dispute Causes Different Colonial Societies BritishFrench Permanent, expanding settlements Horrible Relationship with Indians No real communities,

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Presentation on theme: "Causes Land Dispute Causes Different Colonial Societies BritishFrench Permanent, expanding settlements Horrible Relationship with Indians No real communities,"— Presentation transcript:



3 Causes Land Dispute

4 Causes Different Colonial Societies BritishFrench Permanent, expanding settlements Horrible Relationship with Indians No real communities, mainly forts Great Relationship with Indians

5 Causes Differing Religions British were Protestant French were Catholic Not the first war fought over N. America

6 BritishFrench The Ohio Valley 1754  The First Clash

7 1756  War Is Formally Declared War will become a world war SEVEN YEAR WAR (1756-1763) Every major European power becomes involved Will be a MULTI-FRONT war – very costly to fight

8 The Two Sides French are fighting with most of the Indians (Algonquian & Mohawk) and later Spain Britain aligns with the Iroquois and the Colonists

9 British March in formation or bayonet charge. Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials. Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings. Drills & tough discipline. Colonists should pay for their own defense. Indian-style guerilla tactics. Col. militias served under own captains. No mil. deference or protocols observed. Resistance to rising taxes. Casual, non-professionals. Methods of Fighting: Military Organization: Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions Colonials

10 Ben Franklin  representatives from New England, NY, MD, PA A Albany Congress  was meant to bolster colonial unity Albany Plan of Union (1754)

11 France --> lost all land in N. America Spain --> got all land west of the Mississippi River, but lost Florida to England. England --> got all French lands in Canada and east of the Mississippi River Treaty of Paris (1763) Britain Wins the War Treaty of Paris (1763) Britain Wins the War


13 1. It increased colonial empire in the Americas. 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. England felt that a major reorganization of American Empire was necessary Effects on Britain

14 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify. Effects on the American Colonials

15 Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763) Ottawa Indians opposed British expansion Led by Chief Pontiac Began to attack British forts in Ohio Valley

16 Proclamation of 1763 Britain wanted to end Native American fighting Forbade colonists from crossing the Appalachian Mtns.

17 Colonists are FURIOUS Paxton Boys (PA) will react by attacking Native Americas Proclamation of 1763

18 Britain needs to recover its losses from the warBritain needs to recover its losses from the war Rethinking Their Empire Decided to end Salutary Neglect and finally begin to enforce mercantilist policies and will begin to tax colonists


20 1. Sugar Act - 1764 2. Currency Act - 1764 3. Quartering Act - 1765 P.M. George Grenville’s Program, 1763-1765

21 Debate over Representation Actual vs. Virtual – Colonists wanted Actual, Grenville believed they had virtual Colonists willing to pay taxes that applied to WHOLE empire Believed taxes just on them required representation

22 Stamp Act (1765) Tax placed on all printed materials First direct tax placed just on AMERICAN COLONIES Intended to help pay for defense costs

23 Virginia Resolves Written by Patrick Henry Rights of the Colonists were violated Englishmen had representatives – colonists were denied this “No taxation without representation”

24 Stamp Act Congress Met in NYC 9 colonies (no NH, VA, NC, or GA) Wrote Declaration of Rights and Grievances which demanded the tax be repealed Called for a non-importation of British goods

25 Sons of Liberty Secret organization formed by Samuel Adams Would tar and feather and harass tax collectors

26 Repeal Violence, boycott, & protests led to the repeal in 1766 Declaratory Act (1766) – declared Parliament had the right to tax the colonists

27 Townshend Act (1767) Tax placed on glass, white lead, paper, paint, silk, and tea Also increased custom (tax) collectors

28 1. John Dickinson  1768 * Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania. 2. 1768  MA Circular Letter * Written by Samuel Adams * Wanted colonies to pressure Parliament to repeal & boycott 3. Riots against customs agents: * 4000 British troops sent to Boston & legislature dissolved Colonial Response

29 The Boston Massacre ( March 5,1770 ) British troops in Boston are being harassed and fire into the crowd 11 civilians are killed Labeled a “massacre”

30 Repeal of Townshend Act £ Act repealed in 1770 because of boycott & violence £ Only remaining tax was on tea

31 Committees of Correspondence Purpose  warn neighboring colonies about incidents with Br. & broaden the resistance movement. Formed by Samuel Adams Letters exchanged & published throughout the colonies

32 Tea Act (1773) British East India Co. is going bankrupt Colonists have refused to buy tea since Townshend Act Permitted to sell tea directly to cols. without col. middlemen (cheaper tea) Parliament expected the cols. to eagerly choose the cheaper tea.

33 Boston Tea Party (December 1773) Sons of Liberty boarded ships and dumped tea into the harbor

34 The Coercive or Intolerable Acts (1774) 1. Port Bill – closed Boston harbor until reparations made 2. Government Act – King took direct control over MA 3. New Quartering Act – to provide for troops in MA

35 The Quebec Act (1774) Intended to give more freedom to Canadians Colonists saw it as a threat


37 Philadelphia (1774) 55 delegates from 12 colonies Agenda  How to respond to the Coercive Acts & the Quebec Act? Articles of Association – agreement to boycott & stop exporting goods



40 The British Are Coming Paul Revere & William Dawes make a midnight ride to warn the Minutemen of marching British soldiers. April 1775 General Gage ordered to arrest leaders of “rebellion” Wanted to gain control of gunpowder & weapons

41 The Shot Heard ’Round the World! Lexington & Concord – April 19,1775 73 British & 95 Americans killed Revolution has begun


43 Philadelphia (May 1775) Olive Branch Petition All 13 colonies present Elect G. Washington head of the army Wrote Olive Branch Petition Shift towards independence: –Hessians –Burning of Am. Towns –Br. promised freedom to slaves

44 Thomas Paine: Common Sense

45 Declaration of Independence (1776)

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