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Practice Questions Progressive, Imperialism, and World War I Units.

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1 Practice Questions Progressive, Imperialism, and World War I Units

2 One of the reasons that political machines gained power in the late 1800s was that they a.advocated political reform. b.refused to accept graft as part of their income. c.provided jobs and other help for immigrants. d.provided for the needs of the suburbs. 21

3 Where did European immigrants often settle in the United States? a.in western railroad towns b.in their ports of entry c.in the South d.near lakes 22

4 Which of the following resulted from rapid urbanization? a.increased racial violence against African Americans b.better medical care for factory workers c.a more even distribution of wealth among urban residents d.a widening gap between rich and poor 23

5 Prohibition groups saw a link between drinking and a.abuses by big business. b.lower public morals. c.anti-Asian feelings. d.high tariffs. 24

6 Which event led to the Spanish- American War? a.Cubans rebelled against Spanish rule. b.The United States annexed Cuba. c.Spain destroyed American-owned sugar plantations in Cuba. d.The Spanish navy sank two American ships in the Pacific. 25

7 Why was the Open Door Policy important to the United States? a.It gave the United States territory in China. b.It gave the United States access to millions of consumers in China. c.It increased Chinese investments in the United States. d.It kept European goods out of China. 26

8 The United States followed a policy of expansionism in the late 1800s because a.European nations were eager to sell rights to their colonies. b.many Americans were demanding high- quality foreign goods. c.U.S. factories needed foreign laborers. d.the nation sought more markets for its goods. 27

9 As a result of the Spanish- American War, a.Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States. b.Cuba was divided into spheres of influence. c.the Philippines became a Spanish colony. d.the United States gained rights to the Panama Canal. 28

10 Under imperialism, the stronger nation attempts to a.dominate a weaker country. b.sell its products to a weaker country. c.create an empire. d.all of the above. 29

11 Americans sided with the Cuban rebels against Spain as a result of a.the charge up San Juan Hill. b.the Platt Amendment. c.the Treaty of Paris. d.yellow journalism. 30

12 President Roosevelt’s Progressive record included all the following except a.conservation of forest land. b.break-up of several trusts deemed harmful to the public. c.regulation of food and drugs. d.establishment of the Federal Reserve System. 31

13 Progressivism was halted by a.the efforts of the NAACP. b.World War I. c.the repeal of the prohibition amendment. d.the victory of the Bull Moose Party. 32

14 Which belief was held by most Progressives? a.The government should be more accountable to its citizens. b.Housing and healthcare should remain private. c.The government should protect agricultural interests. d.The government should intervene in unfair business practices. 33

15 Journalists known as muckrakers worked at a.praising government policies. b.exposing political and business corruption. c.attacking the ideas of socialists. d.opposing government regulation of business. 34

16 One way reformers hoped to end corruption in government was to a.establish an income tax. b.give voters more direct say in lawmaking. c.provide more welfare services. d.use the army to oust political machines. 35

17 The progressive movement focused mainly on the problems of a.African Americans. b.urban residents. c.tenant farmers. d.nonunionized workers. 36

18 Many Americans became more supportive of suffrage as a result of a.women’s activities in World War I. b.the Seventeenth Amendment. c.the Kellogg-Briand Act. d.the repeal of prohibition. 37

19 Which event sparked World War I? a.the sinking of the Lusitania b.the German-French dispute over Alsace- Lorraine c.Russia’s quest for a warm-water port d.the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne 38

20 Which was true of African Americans during World War I? a.Almost as many African Americans served in the war as did white Americans. b.African Americans were not allowed to serve in the war. c.African American troops were usually reserved for battle. d.African American troops were segregated and rarely allowed to fight. 39

21 The Selective Service Act was a means of a.getting money to support the war effort. b.getting women to take over jobs formerly done by men. c.drafting young men for the military forces. d.finding jobs for men after they left military service. 40

22 After Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917, a.Germany surrendered. b.the Allies declared war on Russia. c.the United States entered the war. d.Russia withdrew from the war. 41

23 The death toll from World War I was a.the highest for American troops. b.low, because of advances in weapons. c.extraordinarily high. d.high for Germany but low for the Allies. 42

24 Under the terms of the peace treaty, Germany had to a.give its colonies independence. b.pay reparations to the Allies. c.break up Czechoslovakia. d.give its tanks and artillery to France. 43

25 One result of Prohibition during the 1920s was a.an increase in alcoholism. b.a decline in dancing and socializing. c.the rise of organized crime. d.the creation of urban artistic colonies. 44

26 Now Let’s See How You Did!

27 One of the reasons that political machines gained power in the late 1800s was that they a.advocated political reform. b.refused to accept graft as part of their income. c.provided jobs and other help for immigrants. d.provided for the needs of the suburbs. 21

28 Where did European immigrants often settle in the United States? a.in western railroad towns b.in their ports of entry c.in the South d.near lakes 22

29 Which of the following resulted from rapid urbanization? a.increased racial violence against African Americans b.better medical care for factory workers c.a more even distribution of wealth among urban residents d.a widening gap between rich and poor 23

30 Prohibition groups saw a link between drinking and a.abuses by big business. b.lower public morals. c.anti-Asian feelings. d.high tariffs. 24

31 Which event led to the Spanish- American War? a.Cubans rebelled against Spanish rule. b.The United States annexed Cuba. c.Spain destroyed American-owned sugar plantations in Cuba. d.The Spanish navy sank two American ships in the Pacific. 25

32 Why was the Open Door Policy important to the United States? a.It gave the United States territory in China. b.It gave the United States access to millions of consumers in China. c.It increased Chinese investments in the United States. d.It kept European goods out of China. 26

33 The United States followed a policy of expansionism in the late 1800s because a.European nations were eager to sell rights to their colonies. b.many Americans were demanding high- quality foreign goods. c.U.S. factories needed foreign laborers. d.the nation sought more markets for its goods. 27

34 As a result of the Spanish- American War, a.Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States. b.Cuba was divided into spheres of influence. c.the Philippines became a Spanish colony. d.the United States gained rights to the Panama Canal. 28

35 Under imperialism, the stronger nation attempts to a.dominate a weaker country. b.sell its products to a weaker country. c.create an empire. d.all of the above. 29

36 Americans sided with the Cuban rebels against Spain as a result of a.the charge up San Juan Hill. b.the Platt Amendment. c.the Treaty of Paris. d.yellow journalism. 30

37 President Roosevelt’s Progressive record included all the following except a.conservation of forest land. b.break-up of several trusts deemed harmful to the public. c.regulation of food and drugs. d.establishment of the Federal Reserve System. 31

38 Progressivism was halted by a.the efforts of the NAACP. b.World War I. c.the repeal of the prohibition amendment. d.the victory of the Bull Moose Party. 32

39 Which belief was held by most Progressives? a.The government should be more accountable to its citizens. b.Housing and healthcare should remain private. c.The government should protect agricultural interests. d.The government should intervene in unfair business practices. 33

40 Journalists known as muckrakers worked at a.praising government policies. b.exposing political and business corruption. c.attacking the ideas of socialists. d.opposing government regulation of business. 34

41 One way reformers hoped to end corruption in government was to a.establish an income tax. b.give voters more direct say in lawmaking. c.provide more welfare services. d.use the army to oust political machines. 35

42 The progressive movement focused mainly on the problems of a.African Americans. b.urban residents. c.tenant farmers. d.nonunionized workers. 36

43 Many Americans became more supportive of suffrage as a result of a.women’s activities in World War I. b.the Seventeenth Amendment. c.the Kellogg-Briand Act. d.the repeal of prohibition. 37

44 Which event sparked World War I? a.the sinking of the Lusitania b.the German-French dispute over Alsace- Lorraine c.Russia’s quest for a warm-water port d.the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne 38

45 Which was true of African Americans during World War I? a.Almost as many African Americans served in the war as did white Americans. b.African Americans were not allowed to serve in the war. c.African American troops were usually reserved for battle. d.African American troops were segregated and rarely allowed to fight. 39

46 The Selective Service Act was a means of a.getting money to support the war effort. b.getting women to take over jobs formerly done by men. c.drafting young men for the military forces. d.finding jobs for men after they left military service. 40

47 After Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917, a.Germany surrendered. b.the Allies declared war on Russia. c.the United States entered the war. d.Russia withdrew from the war. 41

48 The death toll from World War I was a.the highest for American troops. b.low, because of advances in weapons. c.extraordinarily high. d.high for Germany but low for the Allies. 42

49 Under the terms of the peace treaty, Germany had to a.give its colonies independence. b.pay reparations to the Allies. c.break up Czechoslovakia. d.give its tanks and artillery to France. 43

50 One result of Prohibition during the 1920s was a.an increase in alcoholism. b.a decline in dancing and socializing. c.the rise of organized crime. d.the creation of urban artistic colonies. 44


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