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The Revolutionary Period. Who founded Jamestown? Virginia Company of LondonVirginia Company of London.

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Presentation on theme: "The Revolutionary Period. Who founded Jamestown? Virginia Company of LondonVirginia Company of London."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Revolutionary Period

2 Who founded Jamestown? Virginia Company of LondonVirginia Company of London

3 When was Jamestown founded?

4 What was the first permanent English settlement in North America? JamestownJamestown

5 Where was the first permanent French settlement in North America? QuebecQuebec

6 Who founded the first permanent French settlement in North America? Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain

7 In what present-day country was the Quebec settlement located? In what present-day country was the Quebec settlement located? CanadaCanada

8 What was the economic basis of France’s colonial empire in North America? Fur-tradingFur-trading

9 In the 18 th century what nation became England’s chief rival for colonial territory in North America? FranceFrance

10 When was the French and Indian War?

11 What was the French and Indian War called in Europe? Seven Years’ WarSeven Years’ War

12 Who were the two chief opponents in the French and Indian War? Great BritainGreat Britain FranceFrance

13 Who won the French and Indian War? The BritishThe British

14 What was the main result of the French and Indian War? British drove the French out of Canada and the territories west of the Appalachian MountainsBritish drove the French out of Canada and the territories west of the Appalachian Mountains

15 What did the Proclamation of 1763 do? Prohibited the colonists from settling west of the Appalachian MountainsProhibited the colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains

16 What three things did the British government hope to achieve by the Proclamation of 1763?

17 Protect the friendly IndiansProtect the friendly Indians Reduce conflict between the Indians and the colonistsReduce conflict between the Indians and the colonists Make it less expensive for the British army to protect the WestMake it less expensive for the British army to protect the West

18 In order to win the war against France, what was it necessary for the British government to do? British government went into debtBritish government went into debt

19 What expenses did the British government have in North America? The cost of troops to protect the American colonists from Indian attacksThe cost of troops to protect the American colonists from Indian attacks

20 What is Parliament? Great Britain’s lawmaking bodyGreat Britain’s lawmaking body

21 For what two reasons did Parliament pass taxes on the American colonies after the French and Indian War? Huge war debtHuge war debt Cost of British troops to protect the American colonistsCost of British troops to protect the American colonists

22 What was the Sugar Act? Tax on French molasses imported into the American coloniesTax on French molasses imported into the American colonies

23 What is another name for a customs duty? A tariffA tariff

24 What is a tariff? A tax on imported goodsA tax on imported goods

25 Were the British customs duties the same thing as tariffs or taxes on imports? YesYes

26 What was the Stamp Act? A tax on newspapers and all legal documents issued in the American coloniesA tax on newspapers and all legal documents issued in the American colonies

27 Why did the American colonists oppose both the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act? Colonists believed only a colony’s elected assembly or lawmaking body could lay taxes on that colonyColonists believed only a colony’s elected assembly or lawmaking body could lay taxes on that colony

28 What became a popular slogan in the American colonies? “No taxation without representation!”“No taxation without representation!”

29 How did Parliament respond to colonial resistance to the Stamp Act? Repealed itRepealed it

30 What does it mean to repeal a law? Do away with itDo away with it It is no longer a law.It is no longer a law.

31 What is revenue? Tax moneyTax money

32 What were the Townshend Acts? British laws that placed customs duties or tariffs on glass, paper, paint, lead, and teaBritish laws that placed customs duties or tariffs on glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea

33 How did the American colonists react to the Townshend Acts? Opposed themOpposed them Said Parliament had no right to tax the colonists, because Americans had no representation in ParliamentSaid Parliament had no right to tax the colonists, because Americans had no representation in Parliament

34 Were the American colonists represented in Parliament? NoNo

35 What does a legislative body do? Makes lawsMakes laws

36 How did Parliament respond to American opposition to the Townshend Acts? Repealed all the duties, except the tax on teaRepealed all the duties, except the tax on tea

37 What 1770 clash between British troops and a Boston mob resulted in the deaths of five colonists? The Boston MassacreThe Boston Massacre

38 What law gave a monopoly over the American tea trade to the financially struggling British East Indian Company? The Tea ActThe Tea Act

39 Why did Parliament pass the Tea Act? Hoped American tea sales would save the East India Company from bankruptcyHoped American tea sales would save the East India Company from bankruptcy

40 Why did the American colonists oppose the Tea Act? Thought it was a British attempt to trick the colonists into paying the Townshend tax on teaThought it was a British attempt to trick the colonists into paying the Townshend tax on tea

41 At what event did Bostonians dress up like Indians and throw East India Company tea into Boston Harbor? The Boston Tea PartyThe Boston Tea Party

42 How did Parliament respond to the Boston Tea Party? Passed laws to punish the people of Boston and the colony of MassachusettsPassed laws to punish the people of Boston and the colony of Massachusetts

43 To what meeting did all the 13 colonies, except Georgia, send delegates to discuss the actions of the British government? First Continental CongressFirst Continental Congress

44 Why was the First Continental Congress important? It was the first time most of the colonies had acted together.It was the first time most of the colonies had acted together.

45 What were the members of New England’s militia called? MinutemenMinutemen

46 Where did the Revolutionary War begin? Lexington and Concord, MassachusettsLexington and Concord, Massachusetts

47 When did the Revolutionary War begin? April, 1775April, 1775

48 Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson

49 When did the Continental Congress adopt the Declaration of Independence? July 4, 1776July 4, 1776

50 What did the Declaration of Independence do? Declared the 13 American colonies to be independent from Great BritainDeclared the 13 American colonies to be independent from Great Britain

51 Into what 3 groups did the American colonists divide during the American Revolution? PatriotsPatriots Tories or LoyalistsTories or Loyalists NeutralsNeutrals

52 What group of Americans believed in complete independence from England? PatriotsPatriots

53 Who was Patrick Henry and what did he say in his famous speech? Patriot leader from VirginiaPatriot leader from Virginia “Give me liberty or give me death!”“Give me liberty or give me death!”

54 Which army was the Continental Army? American ArmyAmerican Army

55 Which group of colonists provided the soldiers for the Continental Army? PatriotsPatriots

56 What was another name for the Loyalists? ToriesTories

57 To whom did the Tories remain loyal during the Revolutionary War? Great BritainGreat Britain

58 Give 2 reasons why the Tories remained loyal to Great Britain.

59 Close cultural and economic tiesClose cultural and economic ties American colonists should be willing to pay taxes to help pay the cost of British troops, who were protecting the Americans from Indian attack.American colonists should be willing to pay taxes to help pay the cost of British troops, who were protecting the Americans from Indian attack.

60 Why did the Americans win the war for independence? British government grew tired of the war soon after the French agreed to help the AmericansBritish government grew tired of the war soon after the French agreed to help the Americans

61 What battle was the military turning point of the Revolutionary War? Battle of SaratogaBattle of Saratoga

62 What happened at the Battle of Saratoga? Americans defeated a major British army at Saratoga, New York.Americans defeated a major British army at Saratoga, New York.

63 What American negotiated a treaty of alliance with France in 1778? Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin

64 What does one call a formal agreement between two or more countries? A treatyA treaty

65 What does one call a treaty of friendship between two or more countries? An allianceAn alliance

66 What does one call one nation’s dealings with foreign countries? DiplomacyDiplomacy

67 What action did France take against Great Britain in 1778? Declared war on BritainDeclared war on Britain

68 How did the British people’s attitude towards the Revolutionary War change, as the war dragged on? The war lost popular support in Great Britain.The war lost popular support in Great Britain.

69 Why was George Washington a good commander-in-chief of the Continental Army?

70 Avoided any situation that threatened the destruction of the American armyAvoided any situation that threatened the destruction of the American army Kept the army together, when it looked like it faced defeat early in the warKept the army together, when it looked like it faced defeat early in the war

71 What nation gave the United States the most help in winning independence from Great Britain? FranceFrance

72 What happened at the Battle of Yorktown? Americans under Washington and the French under Lafayette defeated the British army under Lord CornwallisAmericans under Washington and the French under Lafayette defeated the British army under Lord Cornwallis

73 What two factors contributed to the American victory in the Revolutionary War? Diplomatic factorsDiplomatic factors Military factorsMilitary factors


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