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BANKING & INSURANCE FOR EXPORTS. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Ministry of Finance Ministry of Finance RBI (Act of 1934) RBI (Act of 1934) Scheduled Commercial.

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Presentation on theme: "BANKING & INSURANCE FOR EXPORTS. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Ministry of Finance Ministry of Finance RBI (Act of 1934) RBI (Act of 1934) Scheduled Commercial."— Presentation transcript:

1 BANKING & INSURANCE FOR EXPORTS

2 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Ministry of Finance Ministry of Finance RBI (Act of 1934) RBI (Act of 1934) Scheduled Commercial Bank (2 nd Status of RBI Act, 1934) Scheduled Commercial Bank (2 nd Status of RBI Act, 1934) ECGC (Set up in 1957) ECGC (Set up in 1957) Exim Bank (Exim Bank Act, 1981) Exim Bank (Exim Bank Act, 1981) FEDAI, BSCBI, IBA etc. FEDAI, BSCBI, IBA etc.

3 LEGAL FRAMEWORK Umbrella Acts Umbrella Acts Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934: governs the Reserve Bank functions Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934: governs the Reserve Bank functions Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 Banking Regulation Act, 1949: governs the financial sector Banking Regulation Act, 1949: governs the financial sector

4 LEGAL FRAMEWORK Export trade is regulated by DGFT and Banks may conduct export transactions in conformity with - FTP in vogue & rules of GOI/RBI and powers sub-section (3)of sec 7 & sub-section(2) of sec 47 of FEMA as notified in FEMA 23/2000-RB dated May 3, 2000

5 LEGAL FRAMEWORK Acts governing specific functions Acts governing specific functions Public Debt Act, 1944/Government Securities Act (Proposed): Governs government debt market Public Debt Act, 1944/Government Securities Act (Proposed): Governs government debt market Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956: Regulates government securities market Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956: Regulates government securities market Indian Coinage Act, 1906 : Governs currency and coins Indian Coinage Act, 1906 : Governs currency and coins Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973/Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999: Governs trade and foreign exchange market Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973/Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999: Governs trade and foreign exchange marketForeign Exchange Management Act, 1999Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 "Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007: Provides for regulation and supervision of payment systems in India” "Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007: Provides for regulation and supervision of payment systems in India” "Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 "Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007

6 LEGAL FRAMEWORK Acts governing Banking Operations Acts governing Banking Operations Companies Act, 1956:Governs banks as companies Companies Act, 1956:Governs banks as companies Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970/1980: Relates to nationalisation of banks Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970/1980: Relates to nationalisation of banks Bankers' Books Evidence Act Bankers' Books Evidence Act Banking Secrecy Act Banking Secrecy Act Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

7 LEGAL FRAMEWORK Acts governing Individual Institutions Acts governing Individual Institutions State Bank of India Act, 1954 State Bank of India Act, 1954 The Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2003 The Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2003 The Industrial Finance Corporation (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 1993 The Industrial Finance Corporation (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 1993 National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act National Housing Bank Act National Housing Bank Act Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act

8 EXPORT FINANCE Pre-shipment Finance Pre-shipment Finance Documents required : Documents required : Confirmed export order or L/C Confirmed export order or L/C Undertaking that advance will be utilised for procuring / manufacturing / shipping of goods Undertaking that advance will be utilised for procuring / manufacturing / shipping of goods If sub-supplier undertaking from exporters that packing credit would not be taken unless packing credit is liquidated. If sub-supplier undertaking from exporters that packing credit would not be taken unless packing credit is liquidated. Copy of IEC Code / RCMC etc., ECGC document, if any Copy of IEC Code / RCMC etc., ECGC document, if any

9 EXPORT FINANCE Post Shipment Finance (provided on presenting shipping documents to the bank) Post Shipment Finance (provided on presenting shipping documents to the bank) The post shipment finance can be classified as : The post shipment finance can be classified as : Export Bills purchased/discounted (under DP or DA basis) Export Bills purchased/discounted (under DP or DA basis) Export Bills negotiated (under L/C) Export Bills negotiated (under L/C) Advance against export bills sent on collection basis. Advance against export bills sent on collection basis. Advance against export on consignment basis Advance against export on consignment basis Advance against undrawn balance on exports Advance against undrawn balance on exports Advance against claims of Duty Drawback. Advance against claims of Duty Drawback.

10 EXPORT FINANCE Handling of documents Handling of documents (i) Checklist of documents to be submitted (i) Checklist of documents to be submitted to banks for negotiation or collection of to banks for negotiation or collection of export bills: export bills: -Shipping B/L or AWB -Shipping B/L or AWB -Insurance Policy -Insurance Policy -Invoice -Invoice -Packing List -Packing List -Certificate of Origin -Certificate of Origin -GR/SDF Form -GR/SDF Form -Bill of Exchange -Bill of Exchange

11 EXPORT FINANCE (ii) Scrutiny of documents by banks and transmitting to foreign correspondent transmitting to foreign correspondent bank abroad for presentation to the drawee. (iii)On receipt of payment advice, banks credit exporters’ account with rupee equivalent to the foreign currency amount at market TT buying rates.

12 EXPORT FINANCE (iv) On payment / retirement of Export Bill, the relative GR Form has to be submitted to the RBI by the bank. submitted to the RBI by the bank. (v) In case the payment is not received on due date (credit advice from the overseas correspondent branch then the liability of the exporter is converted into rupee liability known as crystallization of the bill.

13 Salient points Salient points (i) No restriction on invoicing in Indian rupees There is no restriction on invoicing of export contracts in Indian Rupees in terms of the Rules, Regulations, Notifications and Directions framed under the Foreign Exchange Management Act Further, in terms of Para 2.40 of the Foreign Trade Policy: There is no restriction on invoicing of export contracts in Indian Rupees in terms of the Rules, Regulations, Notifications and Directions framed under the Foreign Exchange Management Act Further, in terms of Para 2.40 of the Foreign Trade Policy: "All export contracts and invoices shall be denominated either in freely convertible currency or in Indian Rupees but export proceeds shall be realised in freely convertible currency. However, export proceeds against specific exports may also be realised in rupees provided it is through a freely convertible Vostro account of a non-resident bank situated in any country, other than a member of the ACU or Nepal or Bhutan". Master Circular on Export of Goods and Services – Master Circular on Export of Goods and Services –

14 Master Circular on Export of Goods and Services – ( ii) Declaration for Exports Declaration as regards export of goods & services (Section 7 Regulation 3 of FEMA except in the case of Nepal and Bhutan) (iii) Exemption From Export Declaration (Reg 4) -Trade samples -Goods or S/W not exceeding US $25,000 -Gifts not exceeding Rs.5 lakhs. -Upto 2% of avr. annual exports for preceding 3 years subject to ceiling of Rs.5 lakhs for Non status holders and Rs.10 lakhs in case of status holders. - Re-export of imported items to EHTP/STP/EOUs/ SEZs etc. SEZs etc.

15 1. Bank draft, pay order, banker's or personal cheques. 2. Foreign currency notes/foreign currency travellers’ cheques from the buyer during his visit to India. 3. Payments out of FCNR/NRE account maintained by the buyer 4. International Credit Cards of the buyer. Manner of Receipt & Payment

16 Trade transactions can also be settled in the following manner: 1. Indian Rupees 2. Routed through the ACU mechanism Manner of Receipt & Payment

17 1. Account opened by resident of India in foreign currency 2. Credit 100% of their foreign exchange earnings in EEFC account 3. Non- interest bearing current account 4. No credit facility against security balances Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency (EEFC) Account

18  The eligible credit represents: a.Inward remittance received through normal banking channel b.Payment received in foreign exchange by a unit in Domestic Tariff Area for supplying goods to a unit in SEZ  The exporter constituents may extend trade related loan/advances to overseas importers without any ceiling  Exporters may repay packing credit advances in their EEFC account EEFC Contd…

19 1. Remittance towards initial expense upto 15% of average annual sales/income or turnover during last two financial years 2. Remittance towards recurring expense upto 10% of average annual sales/income or turnover during last two financial years subject to following conditions a.Overseas branch has been set up b.Overseas branch shall not enter into contract or agreement in contravention of the act, rules made there under c.Overseas office should not create any financial liabilities for HO in India d.Overseas office shall also not invest surplus funds abroad Setting up offices abroad

20 Company may be allowed to acquire immovable property outside India for business & residential purpose Company may be allowed to acquire immovable property outside India for business & residential purpose Overseas branch of software exporter may repatriate to India 100% of the contract value of each ‘off-site’ contract Overseas branch of software exporter may repatriate to India 100% of the contract value of each ‘off-site’ contract Companies taking up onsite contract should repatriate profits after completion of contract Companies taking up onsite contract should repatriate profits after completion of contract Audited yearly statement for the overseas office may be sent to AD Category-I Banks with details of expenses and repatriation Audited yearly statement for the overseas office may be sent to AD Category-I Banks with details of expenses and repatriation Setting up offices abroad contd..

21 Exporter receiving advance payment from buyer outside India is under obligation to ensure that: Exporter receiving advance payment from buyer outside India is under obligation to ensure that: Ship goods made within one year from date of receipt of advance paymentShip goods made within one year from date of receipt of advance payment ROI payable does not exceed London Inter Bank Offered Rate basis pointsROI payable does not exceed London Inter Bank Offered Rate basis points Documents covering shipment are routed through bankDocuments covering shipment are routed through bank If exporter is unable to make shipment, no remittance towards refund of unutilized portion of advance would be made after expiry of one year without prior approval of RBI If exporter is unable to make shipment, no remittance towards refund of unutilized portion of advance would be made after expiry of one year without prior approval of RBI Prior approval of RBI required for export agreements for shipment of Goods extending beyond one year Prior approval of RBI required for export agreements for shipment of Goods extending beyond one year Banks may allow purchasing Foreign Exchange from market for refunding advance payment Banks may allow purchasing Foreign Exchange from market for refunding advance payment Advance payment against exports

22 For goods exported on consignment basis: For goods exported on consignment basis: AD Category-I banks should instruct its overseas branch to deliver shipping documents only against trust receipt/undertakingAD Category-I banks should instruct its overseas branch to deliver shipping documents only against trust receipt/undertaking The consignees may deduct from sale proceeds expenses towards receipt, storage and sale of goods and remit the net proceeds to exporterThe consignees may deduct from sale proceeds expenses towards receipt, storage and sale of goods and remit the net proceeds to exporter Deduction in account sales should be supported by bills/receipts in originalDeduction in account sales should be supported by bills/receipts in original For consignment exports, freight and marine insurance must be arranged in IndiaFor consignment exports, freight and marine insurance must be arranged in India Consignment Exports

23 Permission for opening/hiring warehouses abroad may be given subject to following conditions: Permission for opening/hiring warehouses abroad may be given subject to following conditions: Export outstanding does not exceed 5% of exports during previous financial yearExport outstanding does not exceed 5% of exports during previous financial year Minimum export turnover of USD 1 lakh during last Financial yearMinimum export turnover of USD 1 lakh during last Financial year All assignment should be routed through designated branchAll assignment should be routed through designated branch Permission may be granted initially for one year and if applicant satisfies all requirements, renewal may be givenPermission may be granted initially for one year and if applicant satisfies all requirements, renewal may be given Banks should maintain records of permissions/approvalsBanks should maintain records of permissions/approvals Opening/ Hiring warehouse abroad

24 Banks may dispatch shipping documents to consignee directly in cases where: Banks may dispatch shipping documents to consignee directly in cases where: Advance payment or irrevocable letter of credit has been received for full value of export shipment and sale contract provides for dispatch of documents direct to consignee or his agent in the country of final destination of goodsAdvance payment or irrevocable letter of credit has been received for full value of export shipment and sale contract provides for dispatch of documents direct to consignee or his agent in the country of final destination of goods The exporter is a regular customer with good track record and arrangement has been made for realization of export proceedsThe exporter is a regular customer with good track record and arrangement has been made for realization of export proceeds Documents are accompanied with declaration by exporter that they are more than Rs 25000/- in value and not declared on GR/SDF/PP/SOFTEX form Documents are accompanied with declaration by exporter that they are more than Rs 25000/- in value and not declared on GR/SDF/PP/SOFTEX form Banks may also permit “Status Holder Exporters and units in SEZ to dispatch export documents to consignee outside India with condition that: Banks may also permit “Status Holder Exporters and units in SEZ to dispatch export documents to consignee outside India with condition that: Export proceeds are repatriated through AD banks named in GR formsExport proceeds are repatriated through AD banks named in GR forms Exporter has to submit duplicate copy of GR form within 21 days from date of shipmentExporter has to submit duplicate copy of GR form within 21 days from date of shipment Banks may regularize dispatching shipping documents direct to consignee for cases upto USD 1 million or equivalent, per export shipment if: Banks may regularize dispatching shipping documents direct to consignee for cases upto USD 1 million or equivalent, per export shipment if: Export proceeds have been realised in fullExport proceeds have been realised in full Exporter is regular customer of AD bank for atleast 6 monthsExporter is regular customer of AD bank for atleast 6 months Exporter’s account is fully compliant with RBI’s exant KYC/AML guidelineExporter’s account is fully compliant with RBI’s exant KYC/AML guideline AD bank is satisfied about bonafides of transactionAD bank is satisfied about bonafides of transaction Direct dispatch of documents by exporter

25 For long duration contracts exporter should bill overseas client periodically For long duration contracts exporter should bill overseas client periodically Last invoice should be raised not later than 15 days from date of completion of contract Last invoice should be raised not later than 15 days from date of completion of contract Exporter should submit combined SOFTEX form for all invoices raised for particular client, including advance remittances received in a month Exporter should submit combined SOFTEX form for all invoices raised for particular client, including advance remittances received in a month Contracts involving ‘one shot’ operation should be billed within 15 days from transmission date Contracts involving ‘one shot’ operation should be billed within 15 days from transmission date Exporter should submit declaration in Form SOFTEX in triplicate in respect of export of computer software and audio/video/TV software for valuation not later than 30 days from date of invoice Exporter should submit declaration in Form SOFTEX in triplicate in respect of export of computer software and audio/video/TV software for valuation not later than 30 days from date of invoice Invoicing of Software Exports

26 Short shipments Short shipments When part of a shipment covered by a GR form is short shipped, exporter must give notice to customs in prescribed mannerWhen part of a shipment covered by a GR form is short shipped, exporter must give notice to customs in prescribed manner Incase of delay in obtaining certified short-shipment from customs, exporter should give undertaking to the AD banks that notice has been filed and will be furnished as soon as it is obtainedIncase of delay in obtaining certified short-shipment from customs, exporter should give undertaking to the AD banks that notice has been filed and will be furnished as soon as it is obtained Shut out shipments Shut out shipments For entirely shut out shipment, exporter will give notice in duplicate to customs, with unused copy of GR form attachedFor entirely shut out shipment, exporter will give notice in duplicate to customs, with unused copy of GR form attached Customs will verify the facts and certify the copy of notice as correct and forward to RBI with unused duplicate copy of GR form. Original GR form received earlier from customs will be cancelled and if shipment is subsequently made, a fresh set of GR form should be completedCustoms will verify the facts and certify the copy of notice as correct and forward to RBI with unused duplicate copy of GR form. Original GR form received earlier from customs will be cancelled and if shipment is subsequently made, a fresh set of GR form should be completed

27 RBI will consider those counter trade proposal, which involve adjustment of value of goods imported into India against value of Goods exported from India in an arrangement voluntarily entered into between Indian Party and overseas party through an Escrow account opened in India in US dollar RBI will consider those counter trade proposal, which involve adjustment of value of goods imported into India against value of Goods exported from India in an arrangement voluntarily entered into between Indian Party and overseas party through an Escrow account opened in India in US dollar All imports and exports under arrangement should be at international prices in conformity with FTP and FEMA All imports and exports under arrangement should be at international prices in conformity with FTP and FEMA No interest will be payable on balances standing to credit of Escrow account, funds rendered surplus maybe held in short term deposit for total of 3 months in a year and bank may pay interest at applicable rate No interest will be payable on balances standing to credit of Escrow account, funds rendered surplus maybe held in short term deposit for total of 3 months in a year and bank may pay interest at applicable rate No fund based/or non-fund based facilities would be permitted against the balances in the Escrow account No fund based/or non-fund based facilities would be permitted against the balances in the Escrow account Application for opening Escrow account can be routed through AD category-I bank to regional office concerned of RBI Application for opening Escrow account can be routed through AD category-I bank to regional office concerned of RBI Counter Trade Arrangement

28 Units in SEZ are permitted to undertake job Units in SEZ are permitted to undertake job work abroad and export goods from that country work abroad and export goods from that country subject to conditions that: subject to conditions that: Processing/manufacturing charges are suitably loaded in export price and are borne by the ultimate buyerProcessing/manufacturing charges are suitably loaded in export price and are borne by the ultimate buyer Exporter has made satisfactory arrangements for realisation of full export proceeds subject to usual GR procedureExporter has made satisfactory arrangements for realisation of full export proceeds subject to usual GR procedure Export of Goods by SEZs

29 Project exports are export of engineering goods on deferred payment terms, execution of turnkey projects and civil construction contracts abroad are collectively called ‘Projects Exports’. Project exports are export of engineering goods on deferred payment terms, execution of turnkey projects and civil construction contracts abroad are collectively called ‘Projects Exports’. Such projects need approval of AD category-I banks/EXIM Bank/Working Group at post- award stage before execution of contracts Such projects need approval of AD category-I banks/EXIM Bank/Working Group at post- award stage before execution of contracts These contracts are governed by Memorandum of instructions on Project and Service Exports (PEM-October 2003) These contracts are governed by Memorandum of instructions on Project and Service Exports (PEM-October 2003) To provide greater flexibility to these projects, following guidelines have been modified: To provide greater flexibility to these projects, following guidelines have been modified: Inter-project transfer of machineryInter-project transfer of machinery Inter project transfer of fundsInter project transfer of funds Deployment of temporary cash surplusesDeployment of temporary cash surpluses Repatriation of funds in case of On -site software contractsRepatriation of funds in case of On -site software contracts Project Exports & Service Exports

30 Follow up of overdue bills Ads to closely watch realisationof bills Ads to closely watch realisationof bills Extension requests should be reported to RBI Extension requests should be reported to RBI To submit XOS statement to RBI on half yearly basis To submit XOS statement to RBI on half yearly basis

31 Reduction in invoice value Ads can approve reduction in invoice value after the bills is negotiated or sent for collection Ads can approve reduction in invoice value after the bills is negotiated or sent for collection Reduction should not exceed 25% of invoice value Reduction should not exceed 25% of invoice value Exporter is not caution listed Exporter is not caution listed Exporter to be advised to surrender proportionate export incentives Exporter to be advised to surrender proportionate export incentives Exporters of over 3 years of export business may be permitted for write of without ceiling provided the export outstanding does not exceed 5% of the average annual realisation during the preceding 3 years Exporters of over 3 years of export business may be permitted for write of without ceiling provided the export outstanding does not exceed 5% of the average annual realisation during the preceding 3 years

32 Self Write Off All exporters permitted write off and reduction of invoice value and extend the period of realisation beyond 180 days provided All exporters permitted write off and reduction of invoice value and extend the period of realisation beyond 180 days provided The aggregate value of such export bills written off does not exceed 10% of the export proceeds due during the calendar year and such export bills are not a subject of investigation by ED/CBI or any other agencies The aggregate value of such export bills written off does not exceed 10% of the export proceeds due during the calendar year and such export bills are not a subject of investigation by ED/CBI or any other agencies

33 Extension of Time Exporters to submit the application through the Authorised Dealer (Form ETX) Exporters to submit the application through the Authorised Dealer (Form ETX) Ads are permitted to extend the period beyond 6 months where the invoice value does not exceed $1,00,000 Ads are permitted to extend the period beyond 6 months where the invoice value does not exceed $1,00,000 Such extension may be grated for a period of 3 months at a time Such extension may be grated for a period of 3 months at a time When extension granted more than one year, the total export outstanding should not be more than 10% of the average of export realisations during the preceding 3 financial years When extension granted more than one year, the total export outstanding should not be more than 10% of the average of export realisations during the preceding 3 financial years

34 ISSUES RELATED TO EXPORT FINANCE Cost of Export Credit: India Double Digit, competing countries of the order of 6% p.a.

35 ISSUES RELATED TO EXPORT FINANCE - High Bank service charges - Insurance cover (Whole Turnover Packing Credit Premium also adding to the cost of Credit) - Collateral vs. Exposure Norms - Crystallization of Bills - Penalty on Overdue Bills

36 Rupee Appreciation

37 ECGC’s Policies Standard Policies -Not exceeding 180 days -For turnovers less than 50 lacs in the next 12 months -Approval needs to be sought for credit limit of each buyer -Specific approval of ECGC incase of restricted cover countries [Shipment Comprehensive Risk Policy ; Small Exporter Policy ; Exporter Turnover Policy]

38 ECGC’s Policies Specific Policies -Buyer Specific Policy -Specific Shipment Policy Exposure Policy -Buyer Exposure Policy -Multi-Buyer Exposure Policy

39   Consignment Policy Country Grouping For covering commercial & political risks Buyer / Bank For covering only political risks A A B B C C D Premium rate Paise per Rs.100/- of loss limit

40 Guarantees to Banks Packing Credit Guarantee Export production finance guarantee Post-Shipment export credit guarantee Export finance guarantee Export performance guarantee

41 Letter of Credit A credit is a letter written by the buyer’s bank to the seller advising him that he may draw a bill of exchange up to a particular amount for the shipment of certain goods and assuring him of payment on his submitting certain specified documents. (Always irrevocable Art.3 UCPDC 600)

42 Parties to the Letter of Credit I. I. Buyer II. II. Seller III. III. Buyer’s Bank IV. IV. Intermediary /Advising/Notifying Bank V. V. Correspondent Bank VI. VI. Confirming Bank VII. VII. Nominated Bank VIII. VIII. Negotiated Bank IX. IX. Paying Bank


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