Pontiac’s War King’s Proclamation (1763) Pontiac’s War (1763) - Indians were united - small-pox blankets
Ottawa Chief Pontiac accepted the English as his brothers with the understanding that the English did not own the land, but were merely leasing it. The English went along with this provision, but with no intention of keeping to it peace in 1764
Pontiac’s Assassination, April 20, 1769 Whether it was jealousy of his favor with the English or just a desire to destroy the power of a legendary warrior, Pontiac was murdered in 1769
Reform & taxation of the colonies Seven Years War bankrupted England Parliament passes Sugar Act of 1764 Quartering act of 1765
The Controversial Stamp Act Army costs & Indian gifts Stamp Act of 1765 - all legal documents & papers void unless officially stamped - affects all colonists - taxation without representation - British rule w/out consent
Resistance to the Stamp Act Newspapers & Legislatures Sons of liberty no one used stamps - united colonist
Repeal of Stamp Act Franklin urges Parliament Repeal of tax - detrimental to England’s commerce
Townshend Act of 1767 Imposed new duties on certain imports from Britain: tea, paper, glass, paint etc
Strategies of resistance Boston Gazette called for nonimportation Sons of Liberty British send 1,000 troops to Boston
The Boston Massacre soldiers & civilians collide Sons of Liberty - 11-yr old boy dies (1770) tensions reach climax Colonists & Soldiers clash - 5 civilians killed - guards stand trial
British picked off on return (275 casualties) Charges of British tyranny spread What was important about the battles of Lexington & Concord?
1 st Continental Congress response to the Coercive Acts (1774) 1 st congress- Sept 1774 - endorsed nonimportation - petitioned king not parliament - agreed to meet again
Continental Congress 2 nd Continental Congress- May 1775 - formed continental army - no longer see themselves as Englishmen - declared independence Was the congress a gov’t?
Struggle for middle colony loyalties By 1776, many favored independence Royal gov’ts Thomas Paine’s Common Sense - What did Pain’s pamphlet urged Americans to do? - “there is something absurd in supposing a continent to be governed by an island”
Independence Taxation without representation England was waging war against colonists Self defense demanded a permanent separation
July 4, 1776 2 nd Continental Congress approves Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence (A-1)