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Daniel O Connell The Liberator © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell Timeline 1775 Born in Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry 1791 Went to France 1798 Became a Barrister 1800 Act of Union Passed 1823 Catholic Association Established 1828 Elected MP for Co. Clare 1829 Catholic Emancipation Granted 1840 O’Connell establishes the Repeal Movement © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell Timeline 1841 O’ Connell become the first Catholic Mayor of Dublin since the Reformation 1843 Monster Clontarf Meeting banned 1845 The Great Famine commences in Ireland 1847 O’ Connell dies in Genoa, Italy © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell - Background Born in Cahirciveen in Co. Kerry in 1775 A Catholic First went to a Hedge School and later to a school in Cork Sent to France to study Law. (Saw some of the bloody events of the French Revolution) © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell - Background Became a successful Lawyer Fought for Catholic Emancipation (the removal of the Penal Laws against Catholics) Became known as The Liberator © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Penal Laws Laws passed towards the end of the 17th century Known as the "Penal Laws" as they "penalised" or punished Catholics Designed to ensure that Catholics remained poor, ignorant and without spiritual guidance The laws were grouped under the headings of education, religion, property and civil life © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
1800 Act of Union After 1798 Rebellion, Britain was worried about further rebellion in Ireland In 1800, the Act of Union was passed, joining the Irish and British parliaments Irish people now had no say in the making of any laws used in Ireland Daniel O Connell decided to fight to repeal the Act of Union © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Catholic Emancipation O’ Connell decided to firstly fight for Catholic Emancipation This meant the removal of all Penal Laws against Catholics He wanted Catholics to be allowed to vote, sit in parliament, represent people in all courts, hold high positions in the Civil Service and hold high positions in the Army He believed in only peaceful means to achieve his aims © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
“NO POLITICAL CHANGE WHATSOEVER IS WORTH THE SHEDDING OF A SINGLE DROP OF HUMAN BLOOD”. - Daniel O’ Connell
The Catholic Association In 1823, O’Connell founded the Catholic Association to campaign for Catholic Emancipation He started the Catholic Rent – one penny per month to support the campaign The Association became very popular, also getting support from the clergy © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
1828 By-Election Catholics were allowed to vote, but not allowed to sit in Parliament Voting was not in secret so tenants usually voted the way their landlord wanted them to In a By-Election in Clare in 1828, O’ Connell stood for election and managed to persuade tenants to vote for him The election went on for five days and O’ Connell easily won, becoming MP (Member of Parliament) for Co. Clare © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
1829 Catholic Emancipation But O’ Connell was a Catholic and could not enter Parliament in London Irish people became angry that their MP was forced to remain outside Parliament The Government in Britain was afraid of another rebellion in Ireland In 1829, the Government granted Catholic Emancipation O’ Connell famously became known as “The Liberator” © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
The Repeal Association Next, O’Connell turned his attention to the repeal (abolition) of the Act of Union In 1840 he founded a new organisation called The Repeal Association He wanted the British Government to restore the Irish Parliament in Dublin He again wanted to achieve this by peaceful means © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
The Repeal Association He began to hold huge open-air meetings around the country which became known as Monster Meetings In October 1843, O’Connell planned a Monster Meeting at Clontarf, Dublin A huge crowd was expected The government in London became alarmed and banned the meeting In order to avoid bloodshed, O’Connell cancelled the meeting © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
The Repeal Association This disappointed many people and O’Connell lost much of his popularity Shortly afterwards, O’Connell was arrested and sentenced to one year in jail He was released after three months On his release from jail, O’Connell continued his campaign but without success In 1845, the potato crop failed and people were more concerned about getting food © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell – Final days By 1847, O’ Connell had more or less left public life He was in poor health He decided to go on a pilgrimage to Rome On his way there, he stopped off in Genoa, Italy, where he died on May 15th, 1847 In his will, he asked that his heart be buried in Rome and that his body be buried in Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell Memorial A high Round Tower marks the spot in Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin where Daniel O’ Connell is buried © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
Daniel O’ Connell Statue O’ Connell Street in Dublin is named after Daniel O’ Connell and a statue of him is prominently placed in the centre of the street © Seomra Ranga 2013 www.seomraranga.com
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