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Bylaw Development Using Your Powers Wisely Presented by: Ministry of Municipal Affairs Advisory Services.

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Presentation on theme: "Bylaw Development Using Your Powers Wisely Presented by: Ministry of Municipal Affairs Advisory Services."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bylaw Development Using Your Powers Wisely Presented by: Ministry of Municipal Affairs Advisory Services

2 Ministry Overview Ministry Overview Programs and Services Programs and Services Growth and Development Growth and Development Funding Funding Municipal Administration Municipal Administration Health and Safety Health and Safety Legislation Legislation

3 Canadian Constitution Under the Canadian Constitution, provinces have the authority to create municipalities and to delegate to them certain law-making powers. Under the Canadian Constitution, provinces have the authority to create municipalities and to delegate to them certain law-making powers. Laws passed by municipalities are called BYLAWS. Laws passed by municipalities are called BYLAWS.

4 The Cities Act The Municipalities Act Natural person powers Natural person powers similar legal powers/responsibilities as other business entities similar legal powers/responsibilities as other business entities Governmental powers Governmental powers bylaws, levying taxes, etc bylaws, levying taxes, etc

5 Power to pass a bylaw The power of a municipality to pass a bylaw is to be interpreted broadly for the purpose of: a) providing a broad authority to its council and respecting council’s right to govern the municipality in whatever manner the council considers appropriate, within the jurisdiction provided to the council by law; and b) enhancing the council’s ability to respond to present and future issues in the municipality.

6 Council Sets Policy A municipality acts through Council. A municipality acts through Council. A council exercises power through the passing of bylaws and resolutions. A council exercises power through the passing of bylaws and resolutions.

7 Bylaw vs Resolution Formalities for passing resolution are less restrictive than a bylaw Formalities for passing resolution are less restrictive than a bylaw Resolutions deal with matters of a minor, administrative nature Resolutions deal with matters of a minor, administrative nature Legislation may state when a bylaw is required Legislation may state when a bylaw is required Bylaw used for important ongoing matters or where a penalty is involved Bylaw used for important ongoing matters or where a penalty is involved

8 Bylaw Municipal law Municipal law Require legislative authority Require legislative authority Administrative Administrative Regulatory Regulatory

9 Limitations to Municipality’s Authority When statutory authority does not support a bylaw, expressed or implied, it is ultra vires When statutory authority does not support a bylaw, expressed or implied, it is ultra vires Where provisions in a local bylaw conflict with a provincial Act, the provincial statutory provision normally takes precedence Where provisions in a local bylaw conflict with a provincial Act, the provincial statutory provision normally takes precedence

10 Limitations to Municipality’s Authority Approval of a provincial government ministry or agency. Approval of a provincial government ministry or agency. Public notice may be required. Public notice may be required.

11 Points to consider when drafting a bylaw If the bylaw is long, break it up into numbered sections and use headings; If the bylaw is long, break it up into numbered sections and use headings; Try to stick to terms, phrases and wording used in the statute or in the definition section of the bylaw; Try to stick to terms, phrases and wording used in the statute or in the definition section of the bylaw; Avoid legal jargon and words other than from the English language; Avoid legal jargon and words other than from the English language; Use “shall” to show that a certain action must or must not be done; Use “shall” to show that a certain action must or must not be done; Use “may” to show an action that is permissive; Use “may” to show an action that is permissive;

12 Points to consider when drafting a bylaw Use only those clauses that are necessary Use only those clauses that are necessary Schedules and forms should be designated with numbers or letters Schedules and forms should be designated with numbers or letters Distribute copies of the draft bylaw to all members of council. Distribute copies of the draft bylaw to all members of council. Public participation may be a wise option before the final reading. Public participation may be a wise option before the final reading.

13 Structure of a Bylaw Provincial municipal legislation does not require bylaws to be adopted in any particular form, content or ordering of content. Provincial municipal legislation does not require bylaws to be adopted in any particular form, content or ordering of content.

14 Content of a Bylaw A. Corporate name of municipality B. Bylaw number C. Bylaw title D. Enactment clause E. Citation clause F. Interpretation clause G. Operative clause H. Schedule clause I. Penalty clause J. Repeal clause K. Effective date clause L. Signing and sealing M. Dating the bylaw

15 Content of a Bylaw A. Name of Municipality The entire corporate name of the local government should be set out at the top of the bylaw. The entire corporate name of the local government should be set out at the top of the bylaw. Examples: Examples: “Village of ____________________.” “Village of ____________________.” “Town of _____________________.” “Town of _____________________.” “City of ______________.” “City of ______________.” “Northern Village of_____________.” “Northern Village of_____________.”

16 Content of a Bylaw B. Bylaw Number The bylaw should include the number of the bylaw and the year it was passed. Bylaws should be numbered consecutively. “Bylaw No. 4/2008” means the fourth bylaw passed in 2008

17 Content of a Bylaw C. Bylaw Title States the purpose of the bylaw

18 Content of a Bylaw D. Enactment Clause This clause states that the council is the body that enacts the bylaw. “The council of the Town of _______, in the Province of Saskatchewan, enacts as follows: …”.

19 Content of a Bylaw E. Citation Clause (optional) This bylaw may be cited as “The Nuisance Abatement Bylaw”.

20 Content of a Bylaw F. Interpretation Clause This clause contains a statement of the meaning of a word or a group of words.

21 Content of a Bylaw G. Operative Clause(s) The operative clause or clauses state what the bylaw is intending to do and how it is to be done.

22 Content of a Bylaw H. Schedule Clause Matters that are customarily included in schedules include application forms, fees, and so on.

23 Content of a Bylaw I. Penalty Clause Legislation limits penalties Legislation limits penalties May refer to The General Penalty Bylaw May refer to The General Penalty Bylaw No provision to set minimum penalties No provision to set minimum penalties

24 Content of a Bylaw J. Repeal Clause Example: “Bylaw No.21/1952, passed March 15, 1952, being a bylaw to license dogs, is hereby repealed.” “Bylaw No.21/1952, passed March 15, 1952, being a bylaw to license dogs, is hereby repealed.”

25 Content of a Bylaw K. Effective Date Clause Example: “This bylaw shall come into force and take effect on September,.” “This bylaw shall come into force and take effect on September,.”or “This bylaw shall come into force and take effect when approved by the Minister of (applicable Provincial department).” “This bylaw shall come into force and take effect when approved by the Minister of (applicable Provincial department).”or “This bylaw shall come into force and take effect when approved by the Saskatchewan Municipal Board.” “This bylaw shall come into force and take effect when approved by the Saskatchewan Municipal Board.”

26 Content of a Bylaw L. Signing and Sealing Example: __________________ Mayor Seal __________________ Administrator Seal

27 Readings Every proposed bylaw must have three distinct and separate readings. Every proposed bylaw must have three distinct and separate readings. A “reading” means “a stage of consideration”. A “reading” means “a stage of consideration”.

28 Adoption Procedures The procedure to adopt a bylaw shall involve the following steps: (a) The Administrator prepares the bylaw for council to consider (b) First reading of the bylaw is moved, discussed and a vote is taken; (c) Second reading of the bylaw is moved, discussed and again a vote is taken; (d) Amendments after first/second reading are proposed by resolution which, if carried, becomes part of the proposed bylaw;

29 Adoption Procedures (e) If all three readings are to be given at the same meeting, a resolution must be introduced to allow three readings at that meeting. This resolution must be passed unanimously; (f) Third reading of the bylaw is moved and if the vote is carried the bylaw is considered passed and adopted; (g) Signing and sealing of the bylaw should take place immediately or very soon after the adoption of the bylaw.

30 Adoption Procedures If any of the resolutions authorizing first, second or third readings are not carried, the bylaw does not proceed beyond that point. If council wishes to reintroduce the bylaw, the entire adoption procedure must start over. If any of the resolutions authorizing first, second or third readings are not carried, the bylaw does not proceed beyond that point. If council wishes to reintroduce the bylaw, the entire adoption procedure must start over. A proposed draft bylaw is defeated if it does not receive the third reading within two years after the first reading. A proposed draft bylaw is defeated if it does not receive the third reading within two years after the first reading.

31 Retention of Bylaws The original bylaw should be included as an attachment to form part of the minutes at the meeting where the bylaw received the third and final reading. The original bylaw should be included as an attachment to form part of the minutes at the meeting where the bylaw received the third and final reading. A certified copy is kept in bylaw register A certified copy is kept in bylaw register

32 Amending or Repealing Bylaws The same process that applies to the passage of bylaws also applies to amending or repealing bylaws. The same process that applies to the passage of bylaws also applies to amending or repealing bylaws. The Amending Bylaw A bylaw that is in effect may only be amended via another bylaw. The purpose of an amending bylaw is to reflect a desired change in an existing bylaw.

33 The Repealing Bylaw Bylaws may be repealed at the time it is replaced by another. Bylaws may be repealed at the time it is replaced by another. A bylaw that is in effect may only be cancelled by passing a repealing bylaw. A bylaw that is in effect may only be cancelled by passing a repealing bylaw. Some bylaws, for example lease agreements, are for a fixed period of time. Upon expiration, they should be repealed to officially remove them from the bylaw register. Some bylaws, for example lease agreements, are for a fixed period of time. Upon expiration, they should be repealed to officially remove them from the bylaw register.

34 Severability Bylaw is adopted as a whole.

35 Quashing a Bylaw A voter may apply to the court to quash a bylaw: Ultra Vires Ultra Vires Bad faith Bad faith Discretion Discretion Discrimination Discrimination Improper delegation Improper delegation Uncertainty Uncertainty An application to quash must be taken within 60 days of the bylaw passing.

36 Bylaw Enforcement Enforcement is an area which perplexes many councils. Enforcement is an area which perplexes many councils. Municipalities have not only the right, but the duty, to enforce bylaws. Municipalities have not only the right, but the duty, to enforce bylaws. Council may decide which offenders to prosecute. Council may decide which offenders to prosecute. Resource for case law Resource for case law

37 Bylaw Enforcement Education and information is a form of bylaw enforcement. Education and information is a form of bylaw enforcement. Encouraging voluntary compliance is preferable to prosecution. Encouraging voluntary compliance is preferable to prosecution. Enforcement includes inspection and issuing remedial orders. Enforcement includes inspection and issuing remedial orders. Prosecution should be a municipality's final option. Prosecution should be a municipality's final option.

38 Bylaw Enforcement Remedial orders must meet technical requirements: Remedial orders must meet technical requirements: Recipient must be advised of the right to appeal. Recipient must be advised of the right to appeal. Remedial action must be specific, including the deadline to complete the work. Remedial action must be specific, including the deadline to complete the work. Order includes consequences of non-compliance. Order includes consequences of non-compliance. The municipality will perform the required work. The municipality will perform the required work. The recipient will be charged the cost of the work. The recipient will be charged the cost of the work. If the costs are not paid, the amount will be added to taxes. If the costs are not paid, the amount will be added to taxes.

39 Bylaw Enforcement Municipalities may, on their own or with other municipalities, appoint a bylaw enforcement officer. Municipalities may, on their own or with other municipalities, appoint a bylaw enforcement officer. Municipal administrators may provide limited bylaw enforcement services. Municipal administrators may provide limited bylaw enforcement services. Municipalities may contract to provide limited bylaw enforcement services. Municipalities may contract to provide limited bylaw enforcement services.

40 Bylaw Enforcement Bylaws create offences and establish penalties for non-compliance. Bylaws create offences and establish penalties for non-compliance. Municipalities cannot impose fines. Municipalities cannot impose fines. Fines are imposed by the courts. Fines are imposed by the courts. Fines cannot be added to taxes. Fines cannot be added to taxes. Limited exceptions exist Limited exceptions exist

41 Questions Thank you for participating in today's workshop! Contact information: Regina Saskatoon


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