2 DisclosuresProducts and riders are available in most states. Availability of some product features may vary by state. Please consult your attorney or accountant for legal and tax advice. All value and numerical demonstrations are for illustration only. Actual results may vary.
3 An Overview of Annuities An annuity is a contract between an insurance company and the individual purchasing the annuity (the owner). In return for a sum of money (the premium), the insurance company makes guarantees to the purchaser.a guaranteed minimum interest rate for a guaranteed period of time,a lifetime guarantee that the owner will never receive less than a minimum interest rate while the money is with the insurance company (regardless of how low interest rates go)
4 An Overview of Annuities cont. You start an annuity by sending money (called the “premium”) to the insurance companyDepending upon the annuity’s provisions, the owner may have the ability to pay additional premiums into the contract valueThe premium goes into the annuity’s contract value (or accumulated value)The account value has a way that it can growFixed and fixed indexed annuities credit interest to the account value similar to a bank savings account or certificate of depositVariable annuities may credit interest and/or have unit values that can increase or decrease the value of the account similar to a mutual fundGuarantees provided by annuities are subject to the financial strength of the issuing insurance company; not guaranteed by any bank or the FDIC.
5 An Overview of Annuities cont. The owner has the ability to take withdrawals (called “partial withdrawals” or “partial surrenders”) from the contract valueDoing so may possibly incur a back-end sales charge, called a “withdrawal charge”The owner also has the ability to terminate the contract and receive the accumulated value, less any surrender chargeIf the owner dies, the owner’s beneficiary receives the “death benefit,” which is usually equal to the contract valueThe beneficiary has no rights under the contract, other than to receive the death benefitMost carriers do not assess a withdrawal charge on the death benefit
6 The Benefits of an Annuity Tax deferred growthSafety of principal and earningsGuaranteed minimum interest rateLong-term accumulation vehicleMay avoid probate with current beneficiary designationProtected from creditors (varies by state)Liquidity optionsFlexible income payoutsNo limits on contributions (non-qualified annuities)There is no additional tax deferral benefit for contracts purchased in an IRA or a tax-qualified plan, since these are already afforded tax-deferred status. Therefore, an annuity should only be purchased if the client values some of the other features of the annuity. Guarantees provided by annuities are subject to the financial strength of the issuing insurance company; not guaranteed by any bank or the FDIC. Annuities contain limitations including withdrawal charges, fees and a market value adjustment which may affect contract values. Guaranteed principal assumes no withdrawals in excess of the free amount.
8 Types of Annuities There are three different types of annuities They differ primarily in how your contract value has the opportunity to growFixed annuity: credits a fixed interest rate declared by the insurance companyFixed Indexed annuity: credits interest based on a portion of upward movement of a stock market indexVariable annuity: is invested in stock, bond, or other sub-accounts that can increase or decrease in value daily based on the market performance and underlying fundsAll three types offer tax deferral of growthTax-deferral offers no additional value if an annuity is used to fund an IRA; purchase an annuity for reasons other than tax-deferral benefits beyond those inherently provided by an IRA, such as lifetime income and a death benefit.8
9 Types of Annuities cont. Fixed AnnuityContractually guarantees that your principal is protected from loss, subject only to a surrender charge, which is an avoidable chargeCredits a fixed interest rate that is declared in advance by the company and is typically guaranteed not to change for one or more years at a timeAfter that initial guarantee period, the interest rate is subject to change by the carrier and is typically set at the carrier’s sole discretionHas a liquidity restriction in the form of a withdrawal charge which is assessed against large withdrawals or total cancellation in the early years of the contract
10 Types of Annuities cont. Fixed Indexed AnnuityJust like a traditional fixed annuity, contractually guarantees that your principal is protected from loss, subject only to a surrender charge, which is an avoidable chargeDeclares at the beginning of each policy year a formula, based on a stock market index, that will be used to calculate the interest credit that will occur at the end of the policy yearAt the beginning of each subsequent policy year, at least one element of the formula is subject to change by the carrier and is typically set at carrier’s sole discretionThe appeal of an fixed indexed annuity is that you have growth potential, along with protection from lossFixed Indexed annuities are a type of fixed annuity, therefore they are not registered as securities and may be sold by licensed life/annuity agentsFixed Indexed annuities are not registered securities or stock market investments and do not directly participate in any stock or equity investments. Market Indices do not include dividends paid on the underlying stocks, and therefore do not reflect the total return of the underlying stocks; neither an Index nor any market-indexed annuity is comparable to a direct investment in the equity markets. Clients who purchase Fixed Indexed annuities are not directly investing in a stock market index.10
11 Types of Annuities cont. Variable AnnuityAllows the owner to choose from a variety of mutual fund-like sub-accounts, such as bond and stock accounts, which can increase or decrease in value daily, along with a menu of standard and optional benefits that can provide important and valuable protections against lossCan provide a hedge against inflation and an increased opportunity for growth, but there is also a risk the investment performance will be poor and the annuity’s value will be reduced or lostVariable annuities are securities, thus to sell them you must hold a valid FINRA Series 6 and state license series 63 where required
12 Time is Money What is your tax rate? 28% What rate would you like to earn? %How much can you invest? $100,000This hypothetical example is for illustration purposes only and is not indicative of past, nor intended to predict future performance of any Index or annuity. This example includes the optional restart of the Accumulation Period at the end of the 10th Contract Year. The Income Account Value may not quadruple if you do not elect the restart. The owner is responsible for electing the restart.
13 The Power of Tax-Deferred Compounding $265,330$207,293$162,889$202,859$169,979$142,429The illustration assumes a $100,000 payment, a 5.0% interest rate, and a 28% tax bracket. It is important to remember that money distributed from an annuity will be subject to taxation at that time.This hypothetical example is for illustration purposes only and is not indicative of past, nor intended to predict future performance of any Index or annuity product. Tax-deferral offers no additional value if an annuity is used to fund an IRA; purchase an annuity for reasons other than tax-deferral benefits beyond those inherently provided by an IRA, such as lifetime income and a death benefit.
15 Provisions of a Fixed Annuity Contract The following provisions might not be available on all contracts and there might be an extra charge:Withdrawal PrivilegesGuarantee Return of PremiumDisability WaiverTerminal Illness WaiverNursing Home WaiverLifetime Income OptionsWaiver availability varies by State; additional limitations may apply. Guarantees provided by annuities are subject to the financial strength of the issuing insurance company; not guaranteed by any bank or the FDIC.
16 Comparison of Benefits Fixed or Index AnnuityMoney MarketCDCorporate BondContractual Protection from Loss of ValueAbility to Add Moneyat Any TimeTax DeferralNo Fees RequiredTo PurchaseXXXXXXXXLegend: =Benefit Included X=Benefit Not Included
17 Details on Annuity Taxation This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice. Please consult with a professional specializing in these areas regarding the applicability of this information to your situation.
18 Non-qualified vs. Qualified Annuities Non-qualified PlansAn annuity purchased by an individual to meet retirement income needs. Non-qualified contributions are made with after-tax funds, interest accumulations grow tax-deferred until withdrawn. The policyholder has already paid income taxes on the money that is placed into this policy. When the money is taken out, taxes are paid on the “gain.”Qualified PlansA retirement plan offered by an employer and established under the federal income tax code which permit the exclusion of plan contributions from current income tax (pre-tax funds). Interest accumulates tax-deferred until it’s withdrawn. Examples: 401K and 403bTax-Advantaged AnnuitiesOffer similar tax benefits as employer-sponsored qualified plans, but they set up and owned by an individual. Examples: IRAs & SEPsThis material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
19 Types of Company to Company Transfers Tax-free exchange of a non-qualified annuity to a new non-qualified annuity, usually through a direct transfer between insurance companies. Also refers to such an exchange of a life insurance policy for a non- qualified annuity. For the exchange to be tax-free, ownership of the new policy must be identical to the old policy being exchanged, and the exchange is limited to cash value/surrender value of the old policy.A tax-free transfer of funds, usually by the owner of an IRA, SEP, or 401k, transferring funds to a new IRA, SEP or 401k or from a qualified plan to make an IRA or SEP. With a rollover, the owner receives the funds from the current plan and makes the transfer to a new plan. To be tax-free, a rollover must be completed within 60 days from the time the owner takes possession of the funds.A tax-free transfer of funds, usually by the current company to the new company. In order to be tax-free the ownership must be identical from the old plan to the new plan.Section 1035Tax-Free ExchangeRolloverTransferThis material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
20 Income Taxes on Annuity Payments 1. The original investment, paid for with after-tax dollars represents the cost basis in the annuity and will be returned tax free.2. The untaxed earnings on the principal will be subject to tax.Non Taxable PortionTaxable PortionTax AuthorityCost BasisThis material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
21 How is an Annuity Taxed?Most annuities allow you to take unscheduled partial or full withdrawals from your annuity contract. If you make such a withdrawal, for tax reporting purposes, you are deemed to be withdrawing any untaxed interest or growth first, and any untaxed amounts must be exhausted before you are deemed be withdrawing non-taxable cost basis.Annuities also optionally allow you to receive the proceeds of your annuity as a series of scheduled periodic payments over a period of years. The rules in section 72 of the Internal Revenue Code govern the income taxation of such payments. In general, section 72 permits you to recover your non-taxable cost basis in the contract on a pro rata basis over your life expectancy. To achieve this, each annuity payment is divided into two parts:1. The nontaxable portion that represents the return of premiums paid into the annuity (cost basis).2. The taxable portion that represents the interest earnings that were not taxed previously during the accumulation period.Accumulation AnnuitiesTaxationInterest is tax-deferredNo tax until withdrawalPrincipal is never taxed (non-qualified)10% Federal penalty may apply on withdrawals prior to age59 ½1035 tax-free exchangesThis material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
22 Early Withdrawal Penalty In order to discourage the use of annuity contracts as short-term tax sheltered investments, a 10% tax is imposed on certain “premature” payments under both qualified and non-qualified annuity contracts. On qualified annuities, the penalty is on the entire amount. On non-qualified annuities, the penalty is on the gain of the contract. The 10% excise penalty does not apply to any of the following distributions:The 59 ½ rule pertains to the age of the annuitant, not the policy owner.When does the 20% Mandatory Withholding apply?Distributions from qualified retirement plans or tax sheltered annuities are subject to a mandatory income tax withholding rate of 20% unless the transfer is handled by means of a direct rollover or transfer. (IRA’s and SEP’s are exempt from this.)Distributions made on or after the date on which the taxpayer becomes age 59 ½.Distributions after the owner’s death.Distributions over the life expectancy of the participant or the joint life expectancy of the policyholder and their primary beneficiary.Distributions due to the policyholder becoming disabled.Distributions made from an annuity purchased by an employer upon the termination of a qualified plan and held by the employer until the employee’s separation from service.Distributions made under an immediate annuity contract.Source: Internal Revenue Service Publication 575 – Pension and Annuity Income.This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
23 LIFO-Taxation of Withdrawals PrincipalInterestAccumulationWithdrawalNot Taxable,No PenaltyTaxable + PenaltyThe 10% penalty for withdrawals prior to age 59½ does not apply in the case of death, disability, or lifetime payouts. Withdrawals in excess of the contract’s free amount may not be credited with interest for that term, are subject to withdrawal charges which may result in the loss of principal if taken during the first 5-10 years of the contract. This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
24 Federal Tax Comparison of Financial Products AnnuityIRA401(k)SecuritiesOriginal InvestmentNot deductibleMaybe deductibleMade with pre-tax dollarsEarningsTax-deferredTaxable unless in tax-exemptsDistributionsPartially taxableTaxable,except fornondeductible contributionsTaxableBoth earnings and capital gains are taxableEstate TaxIncluded in gross estateThis material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice. Tax consequences may vary by state.24
26 AnnuitizationAt some point, the owner (or, after the owner’s death, the beneficiary) may come to prefer to receive the value of the annuity as a stream of incomeThe owner can always choose to simply take partial withdrawals from the annuity’s contract value instead of annuitizing the contractOr, the owner can choose to “annuitize” the contract, that is, trade the contract value to the insurance company in exchange for a guaranteed stream of incomeAfter the trade, the account value becomes zero, but the insurance company is obligated to make the promised paymentsPayments are made to the “annuitant,” who is usually the same person as the owner
27 Annuitization cont. Premium Payments “Annuitization” or Payout Period Account ValuePremium Payments“Annuitization” or Payout PeriodGrowth PeriodAnnuity Starting Date:Account Value is Traded In
28 Annuitization Options Life Only: The annuitant receives payments for as long as he or she lives with all payments stopping when the annuitant dies.Life with a Period Certain: The annuitant receives payments for as long as he or she lives. If the annuitant dies within the certain period (for example, 20 years), the remainder of the certain period payments will continue to a stated beneficiary.Period Certain: Rather than having payments tied to the lifetime of the annuitant, the annuitant receives payments over the specified period chosen. If the annuitant dies within the certain period, the remainder of the certain period payments will continue to a stated beneficiary.
29 Annuitization Options cont. Joint and Survivor: The annuitant and the chosen survivor receive the annuity payments for as long as they are alive. Upon death of one of the named individuals, a percentage of the annuity will continue to be paid to the survivor for as long as he/she lives. The percentage can be as high as 100% of the payout or can be reduced to a lower selected percentage. The spouse is the most commonly selected beneficiary.
30 Factors Affecting Annuity Payout Account Value at the time of annuitizationGenderStatistics show that females live longer than males; therefore, the amount paid monthly to a female is less than to a male.AgeThe younger age at which a policy owner elects to “annuitize,” the longer the payments will be made to the annuitant. The longer the payout period, the lower the monthly payments.Interest RateThe higher the interest rate the insurance company expects to earn after the trade, the higher the initial monthly payments will be.Annuity payout optionThe more guarantee chosen, the higher the minimum payout by the insurance company, and the lower the monthly payments made to the annuitant.Note: Once funds within an annuity have been annuitized, the annuitant surrenders the rights to withdraw funds, to change the payout option, or to continue to defer taxes.30
31 Taxation After Annuitization After annuitization, unless the annuity is part of a tax-qualified plan or an IRA:Each payment is taxed as partly interest and partly return of principalThe “exclusion ratio” is the portion of each payment that is considered return of principal and is thus not considered taxable incomeThe remainder of each payment is considered interest and is thus reported as taxable incomeThis material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
32 What is the Exclusion Ratio? Exclusion Ratio formulaInvestment in the ContractEXCLUSION RATIO =Expected ReturnInvestment in the contract is the total of premiums paid minus any interest received. This amount is alsominus any other amounts received under the contract that were excluded from gross income as a tax-freerecovery of cost basis. If the contract has a refund feature or unpaid policy loan, the investment in the contract is reduced by the value of the refund feature or the unpaid loan.Expected return is the estimated or actual amount to be received under the contract. For a fixedannuity, simply multiply the periodic payment amount by the number of periods it will be paid, based on the annuitants life expectancy. The expected return multiples are determined from the IRS tables or from the installment amount and period, whichever is appropriate.This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
33 Summary of the Annuity Process Premiums(Accumulation Period)Tax deferredgrowthIncome(Payout Period)Policy Owner or AnnuitantInsurance CompanyGreater incomeNo greater taxIncome that cannot be outlivedCreditor proofDeath benefit paid to designated beneficiary(s)Designatedin AgreementBeneficiary(s)This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.
35 The information contained herein is based on our current understanding of federal tax laws as they relate to life insurance and/or annuities or other subject matter discussed. These laws are subject to change in the future. Please consult your own personal advisor for legal, tax or accounting advice.