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14873 252039 Annuity Basics 101. 14873 252039 2 Products and riders are available in most states. Availability of some product features may vary by state.

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Presentation on theme: "14873 252039 Annuity Basics 101. 14873 252039 2 Products and riders are available in most states. Availability of some product features may vary by state."— Presentation transcript:

1 Annuity Basics 101

2 Products and riders are available in most states. Availability of some product features may vary by state. Please consult your attorney or accountant for legal and tax advice. All value and numerical demonstrations are for illustration only. Actual results may vary.

3  An annuity is a contract between an insurance company and the individual purchasing the annuity (the owner). In return for a sum of money (the premium), the insurance company makes guarantees to the purchaser. ◦ a guaranteed minimum interest rate for a guaranteed period of time, ◦ a lifetime guarantee that the owner will never receive less than a minimum interest rate while the money is with the insurance company (regardless of how low interest rates go)

4  You start an annuity by sending money (called the “premium”) to the insurance company ◦ Depending upon the annuity’s provisions, the owner may have the ability to pay additional premiums into the contract value  The premium goes into the annuity’s contract value (or accumulated value)  The account value has a way that it can grow ◦ Fixed and fixed indexed annuities credit interest to the account value similar to a bank savings account or certificate of deposit ◦ Variable annuities may credit interest and/or have unit values that can increase or decrease the value of the account similar to a mutual fund Guarantees provided by annuities are subject to the financial strength of the issuing insurance company; not guaranteed by any bank or the FDIC.

5  The owner has the ability to take withdrawals (called “partial withdrawals” or “partial surrenders”) from the contract value ◦ Doing so may possibly incur a back-end sales charge, called a “withdrawal charge”  The owner also has the ability to terminate the contract and receive the accumulated value, less any surrender charge  If the owner dies, the owner’s beneficiary receives the “death benefit,” which is usually equal to the contract value ◦ The beneficiary has no rights under the contract, other than to receive the death benefit ◦ Most carriers do not assess a withdrawal charge on the death benefit

6  Tax deferred growth  Safety of principal and earnings  Guaranteed minimum interest rate  Long-term accumulation vehicle  May avoid probate with current beneficiary designation  Protected from creditors (varies by state)  Liquidity options  Flexible income payouts  No limits on contributions (non-qualified annuities) There is no additional tax deferral benefit for contracts purchased in an IRA or a tax-qualified plan, since these are already afforded tax- deferred status. Therefore, an annuity should only be purchased if the client values some of the other features of the annuity. Guarantees provided by annuities are subject to the financial strength of the issuing insurance company; not guaranteed by any bank or the FDIC. Annuities contain limitations including withdrawal charges, fees and a market value adjustment which may affect contract values. Guaranteed principal assumes no withdrawals in excess of the free amount.

7 Ways that Your Annuity Value Can Grow

8  There are three different types of annuities  They differ primarily in how your contract value has the opportunity to grow ◦ Fixed annuity: credits a fixed interest rate declared by the insurance company ◦ Fixed Indexed annuity: credits interest based on a portion of upward movement of a stock market index ◦ Variable annuity: is invested in stock, bond, or other sub-accounts that can increase or decrease in value daily based on the market performance and underlying funds  All three types offer tax deferral of growth Tax-deferral offers no additional value if an annuity is used to fund an IRA; purchase an annuity for reasons other than tax-deferral benefits beyond those inherently provided by an IRA, such as lifetime income and a death benefit.

9  Fixed Annuity ◦ Contractually guarantees that your principal is protected from loss, subject only to a surrender charge, which is an avoidable charge ◦ Credits a fixed interest rate that is declared in advance by the company and is typically guaranteed not to change for one or more years at a time  After that initial guarantee period, the interest rate is subject to change by the carrier and is typically set at the carrier’s sole discretion ◦ Has a liquidity restriction in the form of a withdrawal charge which is assessed against large withdrawals or total cancellation in the early years of the contract

10  Fixed Indexed Annuity ◦ Just like a traditional fixed annuity, contractually guarantees that your principal is protected from loss, subject only to a surrender charge, which is an avoidable charge ◦ Declares at the beginning of each policy year a formula, based on a stock market index, that will be used to calculate the interest credit that will occur at the end of the policy year  At the beginning of each subsequent policy year, at least one element of the formula is subject to change by the carrier and is typically set at carrier’s sole discretion ◦ The appeal of an fixed indexed annuity is that you have growth potential, along with protection from loss ◦ Fixed Indexed annuities are a type of fixed annuity, therefore they are not registered as securities and may be sold by licensed life/annuity agents Fixed Indexed annuities are not registered securities or stock market investments and do not directly participate in any stock or equity investments. Market Indices do not include dividends paid on the underlying stocks, and therefore do not reflect the total return of the underlying stocks; neither an Index nor any market-indexed annuity is comparable to a direct investment in the equity markets. Clients who purchase Fixed Indexed annuities are not directly investing in a stock market index.

11  Variable Annuity ◦ Allows the owner to choose from a variety of mutual fund-like sub-accounts, such as bond and stock accounts, which can increase or decrease in value daily, along with a menu of standard and optional benefits that can provide important and valuable protections against loss ◦ Can provide a hedge against inflation and an increased opportunity for growth, but there is also a risk the investment performance will be poor and the annuity’s value will be reduced or lost ◦ Variable annuities are securities, thus to sell them you must hold a valid FINRA Series 6 and state license series 63 where required

12 This hypothetical example is for illustration purposes only and is not indicative of past, nor intended to predict future performance of any Index or annuity. This example includes the optional restart of the Accumulation Period at the end of the 10th Contract Year. The Income Account Value may not quadruple if you do not elect the restart. The owner is responsible for electing the restart. 1.What is your tax rate? 28% 2.What rate would you like to earn? 6% 3.How much can you invest? $100,000

13 $142,429 $162,889 $169,979 $207,293 $265,330 $202,859 The illustration assumes a $100,000 payment, a 5.0% interest rate, and a 28% tax bracket. It is important to remember that money distributed from an annuity will be subject to taxation at that time. This hypothetical example is for illustration purposes only and is not indicative of past, nor intended to predict future performance of any Index or annuity product. Tax-deferral offers no additional value if an annuity is used to fund an IRA; purchase an annuity for reasons other than tax- deferral benefits beyond those inherently provided by an IRA, such as lifetime income and a death benefit.

14 Benefits of Owning an Annuity

15  The following provisions might not be available on all contracts and there might be an extra charge:  Withdrawal Privileges  Guarantee Return of Premium  Disability Waiver  Terminal Illness Waiver  Nursing Home Waiver  Lifetime Income Options Waiver availability varies by State; additional limitations may apply. Guarantees provided by annuities are subject to the financial strength of the issuing insurance company; not guaranteed by any bank or the FDIC.

16 Benefits Fixed or Index Annuity Money MarketCDCorporate Bond Contractual Protection from Loss of Value Ability to Add Money at Any Time Tax Deferral No Fees Required To Purchase X X X X X X X Comparison of Benefits Legend: =Benefit Included X =Benefit Not Included X

17 Details on Annuity Taxation This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice. Please consult with a professional specializing in these areas regarding the applicability of this information to your situation.

18 This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice. Non-qualified Plans An annuity purchased by an individual to meet retirement income needs. Non-qualified contributions are made with after- tax funds, interest accumulations grow tax-deferred until withdrawn. The policyholder has already paid income taxes on the money that is placed into this policy. When the money is taken out, taxes are paid on the “gain.” Qualified Plans A retirement plan offered by an employer and established under the federal income tax code which permit the exclusion of plan contributions from current income tax (pre-tax funds). Interest accumulates tax-deferred until it’s withdrawn. Examples: 401K and 403b Tax-Advantaged Annuities Offer similar tax benefits as employer-sponsored qualified plans, but they set up and owned by an individual. Examples: IRAs & SEPs

19 ◦ Tax-free exchange of a non-qualified annuity to a new non-qualified annuity, usually through a direct transfer between insurance companies. Also refers to such an exchange of a life insurance policy for a non- qualified annuity. For the exchange to be tax-free, ownership of the new policy must be identical to the old policy being exchanged, and the exchange is limited to cash value/surrender value of the old policy. ◦ A tax-free transfer of funds, usually by the owner of an IRA, SEP, or 401k, transferring funds to a new IRA, SEP or 401k or from a qualified plan to make an IRA or SEP. With a rollover, the owner receives the funds from the current plan and makes the transfer to a new plan. To be tax-free, a rollover must be completed within 60 days from the time the owner takes possession of the funds. ◦ A tax-free transfer of funds, usually by the current company to the new company. In order to be tax-free the ownership must be identical from the old plan to the new plan. Section 1035 Tax-Free Exchange RolloverTransfer This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

20 The original investment, paid for with after-tax dollars represents the cost basis in the annuity and will be returned tax free. 2. The untaxed earnings on the principal will be subject to tax. Non Taxable Portion Cost Basis Taxable Portion Tax Authority This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

21 Accumulation Annuities Taxation Interest is tax- deferred No tax until withdrawal Principal is never taxed (non- qualified) 10% Federal penalty may apply on withdrawals prior to age 59 ½ 1035 tax-free exchanges Most annuities allow you to take unscheduled partial or full withdrawals from your annuity contract. If you make such a withdrawal, for tax reporting purposes, you are deemed to be withdrawing any untaxed interest or growth first, and any untaxed amounts must be exhausted before you are deemed be withdrawing non-taxable cost basis. Annuities also optionally allow you to receive the proceeds of your annuity as a series of scheduled periodic payments over a period of years. The rules in section 72 of the Internal Revenue Code govern the income taxation of such payments. In general, section 72 permits you to recover your non-taxable cost basis in the contract on a pro rata basis over your life expectancy. To achieve this, each annuity payment is divided into two parts: 1. The nontaxable portion that represents the return of premiums paid into the annuity (cost basis). 2. The taxable portion that represents the interest earnings that were not taxed previously during the accumulation period. This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

22  In order to discourage the use of annuity contracts as short-term tax sheltered investments, a 10% tax is imposed on certain “premature” payments under both qualified and non-qualified annuity contracts. On qualified annuities, the penalty is on the entire amount. On non-qualified annuities, the penalty is on the gain of the contract. The 10% excise penalty does not apply to any of the following distributions: 1)Distributions made on or after the date on which the taxpayer becomes age 59 ½. 2)Distributions after the owner’s death. 3)Distributions over the life expectancy of the participant or the joint life expectancy of the policyholder and their primary beneficiary. 4)Distributions due to the policyholder becoming disabled. 5)Distributions made from an annuity purchased by an employer upon the termination of a qualified plan and held by the employer until the employee’s separation from service. 6)Distributions made under an immediate annuity contract.  The 59 ½ rule pertains to the age of the annuitant, not the policy owner.  When does the 20% Mandatory Withholding apply? ◦ Distributions from qualified retirement plans or tax sheltered annuities are subject to a mandatory income tax withholding rate of 20% unless the transfer is handled by means of a direct rollover or transfer. (IRA’s and SEP’s are exempt from this.) This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice. Source: Internal Revenue Service Publication 575 – Pension and Annuity Income.

23 PrincipalInterestAccumulationWithdrawalInterestPrincipal Taxable + Penalty Not Taxable, No Penalty The 10% penalty for withdrawals prior to age 59½ does not apply in the case of death, disability, or lifetime payouts. Withdrawals in excess of the contract’s free amount may not be credited with interest for that term, are subject to withdrawal charges which may result in the loss of principal if taken during the first 5-10 years of the contract. This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

24 AnnuityIRA401(k)Securities Original Investment Not deductible Maybe deductible Made with pre-tax dollars Not deductible EarningsTax-deferred Taxable unless in tax-exempts DistributionsPartially taxable Taxable, except for nondeductible contributions TaxableBoth earnings and capital gains are taxable Estate TaxIncluded in gross estate This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice. Tax consequences may vary by state.

25 Annuitization

26  At some point, the owner (or, after the owner’s death, the beneficiary) may come to prefer to receive the value of the annuity as a stream of income  The owner can always choose to simply take partial withdrawals from the annuity’s contract value instead of annuitizing the contract  Or, the owner can choose to “annuitize” the contract, that is, trade the contract value to the insurance company in exchange for a guaranteed stream of income ◦ After the trade, the account value becomes zero, but the insurance company is obligated to make the promised payments ◦ Payments are made to the “annuitant,” who is usually the same person as the owner Annuitization

27 Annuitization cont. Premium Payments Growth Period “Annuitization” or Payout Period Annuity Starting Date: Account Value is Traded In Account Value

28  Life Only: The annuitant receives payments for as long as he or she lives with all payments stopping when the annuitant dies.  Life with a Period Certain: The annuitant receives payments for as long as he or she lives. If the annuitant dies within the certain period (for example, 20 years), the remainder of the certain period payments will continue to a stated beneficiary.  Period Certain: Rather than having payments tied to the lifetime of the annuitant, the annuitant receives payments over the specified period chosen. If the annuitant dies within the certain period, the remainder of the certain period payments will continue to a stated beneficiary. Annuitization Options

29  Joint and Survivor: The annuitant and the chosen survivor receive the annuity payments for as long as they are alive. Upon death of one of the named individuals, a percentage of the annuity will continue to be paid to the survivor for as long as he/she lives. The percentage can be as high as 100% of the payout or can be reduced to a lower selected percentage. The spouse is the most commonly selected beneficiary. Annuitization Options cont.

30  Account Value at the time of annuitization  Gender ◦ Statistics show that females live longer than males; therefore, the amount paid monthly to a female is less than to a male.  Age ◦ The younger age at which a policy owner elects to “annuitize,” the longer the payments will be made to the annuitant. The longer the payout period, the lower the monthly payments.  Interest Rate ◦ The higher the interest rate the insurance company expects to earn after the trade, the higher the initial monthly payments will be.  Annuity payout option ◦ The more guarantee chosen, the higher the minimum payout by the insurance company, and the lower the monthly payments made to the annuitant.

31  After annuitization, unless the annuity is part of a tax-qualified plan or an IRA:  Each payment is taxed as partly interest and partly return of principal ◦ The “exclusion ratio” is the portion of each payment that is considered return of principal and is thus not considered taxable income ◦ The remainder of each payment is considered interest and is thus reported as taxable income Taxation After Annuitization This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

32 Investment in the Contract Expected Return EXCLUSION RATIO = Investment in the contract is the total of premiums paid minus any interest received. This amount is also minus any other amounts received under the contract that were excluded from gross income as a tax-free recovery of cost basis. If the contract has a refund feature or unpaid policy loan, the investment in the contract is reduced by the value of the refund feature or the unpaid loan. Expected return is the estimated or actual amount to be received under the contract. For a fixed annuity, simply multiply the periodic payment amount by the number of periods it will be paid, based on the annuitants life expectancy. The expected return multiples are determined from the IRS tables or from the installment amount and period, whichever is appropriate.  Exclusion Ratio formula This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

33 Premiums (Accumulation Period) Income (Payout Period) Tax deferred growth Designated in Agreement Policy Owner or Annuitant Insurance Company Beneficiary(s) Greater income No greater tax Income that cannot be outlived Creditor proof Death benefit paid to designated beneficiary(s) This material has been prepared for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, accounting, legal, tax or investment advice.

34 Summary

35 The information contained herein is based on our current understanding of federal tax laws as they relate to life insurance and/or annuities or other subject matter discussed. These laws are subject to change in the future. Please consult your own personal advisor for legal, tax or accounting advice.


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