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PURPOSIVE TRANSITION ANALYSIS: DYNAMICS OF INDIAN SANITARY REGIMES GOVIND GOPAKUMAR PhD Candidate, Dept. of Science & Tech Studies Rensselaer Polytechnic.

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Presentation on theme: "PURPOSIVE TRANSITION ANALYSIS: DYNAMICS OF INDIAN SANITARY REGIMES GOVIND GOPAKUMAR PhD Candidate, Dept. of Science & Tech Studies Rensselaer Polytechnic."— Presentation transcript:

1 PURPOSIVE TRANSITION ANALYSIS: DYNAMICS OF INDIAN SANITARY REGIMES GOVIND GOPAKUMAR PhD Candidate, Dept. of Science & Tech Studies Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA

2 INTRODUCTION Motivations Multi-level Socio-technical Transition Framework for Purposive Transition Analysis Case Studies Discussion of Results

3 MOTIVATIONS Agendas of Sustainable development - Green vs Brown. Adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Target 10: To cut in half by 2015 lack of access to WSS Paradigm shift required (a Transition?) Shift from supply-side approaches Public-Private Partnerships

4 MULTI-LEVEL TRANSITIONS Characterizing transitions Interlinked levels. Reorientation of core rule sets. Internal/External Coordinated/Uncoordinated Four dynamics of transitions (Smith et al 2005): Endogenous renewal Reorientation of trajectory Emergent Transformation Purposive Transition

5 PURPOSIVE TRANSITIONS Purposive “ [T]ransitions … draw on external resources, but … have been deliberately intended and pursued from the outset to reflect an explicit set of social expectations or interests ” (Smith et al 2005). Dynamic: Alignment of social actors catalyze the transition Bring about a common vision of successor regime.

6 Purposive Transitions (contd.) Key features: Presence of Innovation patterns Role of outsiders in regime transformation Role of mechanisms in outsider involvement. Deliberate step-wise transformation Use of tactical maneuvers. Purposive Alignment Strategy Analogous with Bourdieu’s Field Theory Creation of local sociotechnical orders

7 PURPOSIVE TRANSITION ANALYSIS Analyzing the acquisition of durability in sanitary partnerships Four parameters for analysis of durability: Role Allocation Coalition resources Focus of Technology Development Mechanisms of intervention

8 CASE STUDIES PartnershipLocationObjectivePartnersSuccess SNP AhmedabadLow-cost sanitation City, NGO & Industry No NBP BangaloreModern Public Toilet City, BATF & consultant No SWSSP BangaloreSanitary Connection Utility, NGO & SDU Yes ASP ChennaiModern sewer system City, RWA & TNUIFSL Yes

9 ROLE ALLOCATION Case StudySNPNBPSWSSPASP Critical Actor IndustrialHi-tech service industry Political NGO Municipal Chairman Role of Critical Actor Financial Mobilization Tech & Managerial Expertise Mobilization Focal Mediational Role of Non-critical Actor Derivative Independent

10 COALITION RESOURCES & FOCUS OF TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDYTangible Resources Non-tangible resources Focus of technological dev SNPFinancial & technical Largely absentArtifact NBPFinancial, tech & managerial Nascent attempts Artifact SWSSPTechnical & communication Accumulated credibility Artifact & design criteria ASPFinancial, tech & communication Official Legitimacy Artifact & service criteria

11 MECHNISMS OF INTERVENTION Case StudySNPNBPSWSSPASP Niche LevelFinancial mgmt Technical profession Mobilization Regime Level (absent) Jurisdictional vacancy Accountability deficit Landscape Level Modern- ization Anti- commodification Environmental sustainability AlignmentNo Yes SuccessfulNo Yes

12 Conclusion Purposive transitions are deliberately governed with external resources Success of partnerships contingent on ability to establish durable linkages with regimes and political landscapes Key facet to understand linkages is to fathom the mechanisms for intervening in contexts.


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