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FluidEarth 2 Launch – 18 th April 2013 Integrated modelling and the OpenMI From vision to mission Roger Moore OpenMI Association.

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Presentation on theme: "FluidEarth 2 Launch – 18 th April 2013 Integrated modelling and the OpenMI From vision to mission Roger Moore OpenMI Association."— Presentation transcript:

1 FluidEarth 2 Launch – 18 th April 2013 Integrated modelling and the OpenMI From vision to mission Roger Moore OpenMI Association

2 ... Ian, please will you begin narrow and finish broad: begin where... Begin broad and finish narrow: Begin with: the motivation the vision the thinking which gave rise to HarmonIT and OpenMI-LIFE Chart the course of these projects Narrow to the conclusion discussing: OpenMI version 2.0 Its suitability as a ratified standard alongside other worthy standards

3 Motivation – planning for the WFD Realization that: –IWM places huge demands on policy makers/water managers Must consider wider impacts of policy/measures - biofuels > starvation –Major challenges ahead: Some foreseen... Some not... –Need help/tools –Models/DSS – obvious solution but need to be much more sophisticated – Earth system models –Infeasible/undesirable to abandon existing and write new –Therefore must link existing... –... but how to do it? Fluid Earth Launch, HR Wallingford, UK – 18 th April 2013

4 The R&D programme Early work - Netherlands, USA & Australia Frustrated by: –Technology – H/W & S/W –‘politics’ – not invented here, proprietary, national,... –Funds 2002 EC DG RTD – HarmonIT – FP5 €6M –Planned for success: Recognition i) in US, ii) globally Future funding 2006 EC DG ENV – OpenMI-Life – LIFE €4M+ €2M –Best of LIFE award 2007 OpenMI Association 2013 Fluid Earth

5 The outcome HarmonIT –Research –OpenMI Version 1 –A vision OpenMI-Life –Demonstration and testing under operational conditions –OpenMI Version 2 –OpenMI Association OpenMI Association –Maintenance and development of the OpenMI –A strategy for promoting IEM World standard – OGC Fluid Earth –Providing the tools –Making it easy to use –Delivering integrated modelling to those who can exploit it FluidEarth 2 Launch – 18 th April 2013

6 ... Ian, please will you begin narrow and finish broad: begin where... Begin broad and finish narrow: Begin with: the motivation the vision the thinking which gave rise to HarmonIT and OpenMI-LIFE Chart the course of these projects Narrow to the conclusion discussing: OpenMI version 2.0 Its suitability as a ratified standard alongside other worthy standards

7 Thank you FluidEarth 2 Launch – 18 th April 2013

8 Challenges foreseen...

9 Groundwater status GW status and the impact of measures –Quantitative – abstraction leading to: 1.Sustained downward trends in WL’s 2.SW objectives not being achieved 1.Flow 2.Ecology 3.Damage to wetlands 4.Intrusion of poor water quality in GW –Chemical - GW pollutant concentrations leading to: 1.GWQ deterioration and compromise of drinking WQ 2.Degradation of other uses, e.g. Irrigation, industry,... 3.SW chemical and ecological objectives not being achieved 4.Damage to wetlands, e.g. Nutrient rich GW damaging ecosystem 5.Intrusion of poor water quality in GW

10 Groundwater Impacts of: –Extremes on: Groundwater resources Groundwater flooding and flood damage costs –Ground water quality on: Health Ecosystems –... Risks arising from: –Carbon capture and storage... Dry bed of River Pang, Summer 2006 Groundwater flooding at Great Shefford on the River Lambourn Winter

11 Water Security How will climate change affect the frequency of drought conditions and hence security of water supply and biological diversity?

12 Landslides and transport systems How will climate change affect the incidence of road and rail closures due to landslides? How can network and transport design be improved to adapt to environmental change?

13 Coastal Risk Management How will climate change affect the number of insurance claims for properties lost to inundation and cliff erosion?

14 Carbon Capture and Storage How economically viable will it be to store CO2 in a geological formation under the North Sea?

15 Geogmagnetically induced currents What would be the impact of a “Carrington” type space weather event on electrical distribution systems and civil society?

16 Challenges not foreseen...

17 Japanese tsunami What is the risk to infrastructure of multiple natural disasters?

18 Deepwater Horizon What would be the impact of leakage from an oil and gas well in UK waters on the national economy, coastal and marine biodiversity and the well-being of the population affected?

19 Volcanic eruptions What impact will a volcanic ash cloud from an Icelandic volcano have on civil aviation and subsequent economic losses for a country?

20 Fracking

21 Disease vectors How will climate change affect the global distribution of malaria?

22 OpenMI Version 1

23 What is the OpenMI? Hydraulics Output data Input data User interface Application Rainfall/Runoff Output data Input data User interface Application OpenMI A generic interface standard for: run time data exchange between models, databases and other components Whose purpose is to: improve ability to model process interactions

24 What does it do? Key features: –Generic –Core and extensions –Components can be models, databases, analytical or visualisation software –Models can be simple or complete applications –Models can be static or dynamic with respect to time Time steps may be different –Models can be spatial or non-spatial Spatial resolution and representation may be different –Request/reply mechanism –One and two way data exchange between modelling components at run time –Data exchanged can be numeric or categorical –Adaptors handle differences temporal, spatial and unit transformations –State management –Open –Standard is platform independent –SDK for.Net – Java and Python SDK’s in hand

25 The OpenMI interface functions Descriptive To provide information that allows other components to find out what items this Linkable Component can exchange : Quantities (What) ElementSets (Where) Configurative To define what will be exchanged Run time To enable the model to request and receive data at run time Engine

26 Linking modelled quantities AcceptsProvides Rainfall (mm) Runoff (m 3 /s) Temperature (Deg C) Evaporation (mm) AcceptsProvides Upstream Inflow (m 3 /s) Outflow (m 3 /s) Lateral inflow (m 3 /s) Abstractions (m 3 /s) Discharges (m 3 /s) River Model

27 Linking element sets Groundwater Model River Model Elements are the locations where quantities are calculated

28 Adapting outputs Component 1 Component 3 Component 2 Iput 1 Input 2 Input 1 Input 2 Input 3 Output 3 Output 2 Output 1 Input 1 Spatial adaptation a Spatial adaptation b Time adaptation a Time adaptation b SI-conv b SI-conv a

29 A practical example Interacting processes: Flood damage cost Channel flow Sewer flow (urban) Surface runoff (catchment) Rainfall Flood levels  €, $, £, … Policy issue …….. Impact of climate change on flood damage costs

30 How it works Rainfall.GetValues River Rainfall (database) Sewer RR.GetValues Rainfall-Runoff Trigger Sewer.GetValues call data Economic River.GetValues

31 A vision

32 Immense opportunity for innovation Huge pool of linkable components from many disciplines IEM and IM become accessible to all Linking models as simple as plugging a camera into a PC Easy to use tools for developers and end users –SDK’s, GUI’s, composition editors –Analysis, visualisation, etc. –QC/QA Specialised search and assembly engines for building model chains Small set of standards: –Model component descriptions –Interface definitions –Semantics – especially variables The market changes and opens up –Barriers to entry reduced –Play to strengths Model marts for model components/apps and services: –Open source –Commercial

33 Demos and testing under operational conditions

34 Linking a sewer model to a river model Objective: to optimise investments and operational strategies for sewers and rivers so as to minimise flooding Study Case: City of Leuven and River Dijle Partners: Aquafin and VMM Use case A: linking a sewer model to a river model + => InfoWorks CS InfoWorks RS

35 Linking a tidal model to a river model Objective: to improve flood maps, forecasts and storage pond operation Study Case: Dijle and river Scheldt Partners: FH and VMM Scheldt operational use case B Location and extent of the models in Use Case B within Flanders + => InfoWorks RS Mike 11

36 Linking two river models to a water quality model Objective: to improve interaction between water quantity and water quality Study Case: Dijle and Dender Partners: FH, VMM and ULg InfoWorks RS Mike11 Pegase Scheldt operational use case C The basin of the rivers Dijle and Demer and the location of the common linked reaches on the river Dijle in Use Case C

37 Linking a 1D river model to a 2D tidal model Objective: to improve flood maps and improved knowledge of model integration Study Case: River Scheldt & Dender Partners: FH and Deltares Scheldt operational use case D Kustzuid model Leie-Bovenscheldt model WAQUAMIKE11 +

38 OpenMI Version 2

39 A strategy for promoting IEM OGC Bonn - 2nd March 2011

40 Barriers to progress Lack of awareness Lack of confidence Not readily available or accessible No skills base Few tools No underpinning R & D programme Little take up by government, industry and the public Few resources

41 Strategy Raise awareness Build confidence Ensure availability and accessibility Build the skills base Create tools Establish an underpinning R & D programme Grow take up by government, industry and the public Secure resources

42

43

44 OGC Bonn - 2nd March 2011

45

46

47 Junk slides

48 Begin broad and finish narrow: Begin with: –the motivation –the vision –thinking which gave rise to HarmonIT and OpenMI-LIFE –chart the course of these projects –narrow to the conclusion of OpenMI discussing: OpenMI version 2.0 its suitability as a ratified standard alongside other worthy standards Ian, please will you begin narrow and finish broad: begin where... Roger left off with OpenMI and broaden to the vision behind FluidEarth, the opportunities and successes it created, the issues and vision for the wider modelling world. The title could be something like “FluidEarth 2: Motivations and Opportunities”.

49

50 Status 2002 HarmonIT 2006 OpenMI 1.0 released 2006 OpenMI-Life 2007 OpenMI 1.4 released 2007 OpenMI Association formed as legal entity to: Develop and maintain OpenMI standard Disseminate information Promote integrated modelling 2008 OGC approaches OA 2010 OpenMI 2.0 released 2012 OpenMI standard re-written in OGC style 2013 OpenMI approved by OAB for OGC member review 2013 Fluid Earth 2 SDK for OpenMI to be released in April 11 Years 5 Years

51 Why integrated modelling? To understand and predict the interactions between processes Hence to understand wider impacts/ sustainability GW status and the impact of measures –Quantitative – abstraction leading to: 1.Sustained downward trends in WL’s 2.SW objectives not being achieved 1.Flow 2.Ecology 3.Damage to wetlands 4.Intrusion of poor water quality in GW –Chemical - GW pollutant concentrations leading to: 1.GWQ deterioration and compromise of drinking WQ 2.Degradation of other uses, e.g. Irrigation, industry,... 3.SW chemical and ecological objectives not being achieved 4.Damage to wetlands, e.g. Nutrient rich GW damaging ecosystem 5.Intrusion of poor water quality in GW


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