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Chapters 11 & 12 Review. Reteaching Activity 11 #1 Bull Market Enticed buyers to buy on margin and pushed prices up without regard to value #2 Speculation.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapters 11 & 12 Review. Reteaching Activity 11 #1 Bull Market Enticed buyers to buy on margin and pushed prices up without regard to value #2 Speculation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapters 11 & 12 Review

2 Reteaching Activity 11 #1 Bull Market Enticed buyers to buy on margin and pushed prices up without regard to value #2 Speculation Buyers made risky stock purchases without regard to a company’s earnings and profits. They were betting on the continuation of the bull market

3 Reteaching Activity 11 #3 Stock Market Crash Once professional investors sensed stocks were overpriced and began selling, panic selling and margin calls followed. By mid-November, stock prices had dropped by over one- third. #4 Bank Runs Speculations could not repay loans to banks. Banks did not have cash reserves to fulfill withdrawal demands when nervous depositors rushed to withdraw all their money.

4 Reteaching Activity 11 #5 Bank Failures Bank failures when they could not fulfill all withdrawal demands. News of one bank failure caused depositors at other banks to panic and make a run, repeating the cycle of bank failures. #6 Installment debt During the 1920s people brought expensive goods on installment plans. Eventually, paying off installment debt forced some buyers to stop making new purchases, resulting in decreased sales, lowered production, and employee layoffs.

5 Reteaching Activity 11 #7 Mass Layoffs On business failure impacted all related businesses. Consumption fell as workers lost jobs, continuing their cycle of manufacturing slowdowns, business failure, and layoffs. #8 Hobos Some people were so poor they were homeless. Many young boys and men took to “riding the rails” and traveling, performing odd jobs whenever they went.

6 Content Vocabulary Activity Some lawmakers were alarmed by Roosevelt’s policies because he abandoned a balanced budget and began to rely on ________________, which is spending borrowed money rather than raising taxes to pay for his programs. 2. President Roosevelt suffered from ___________________, an incurable disease that causes paralysis. 3. Roosevelt’s policies provided a ______________________for Americans, giving them some security against misfortune through government relief programs.

7 Content Vocabulary Activity General Motors workers participated in the first __________________by refusing to leave the establishment. 5. People began withdrawing their money from banks in the early 1930s because of their concern that Roosevelt would abandon the ________________. 6. The National Labor Relations Act set up a process called ___________, in which a neutral party listens to opposing sides of a conflict and makes a decision that both sides must accept.

8 Content Vocabulary Activity The New Deal established the ______________, in which the government played a mediating role in working out conflicts among competing interest groups. 8. Some state governors declared _____________, closing banks before bank runs could put them out of business. 9. Roosevelt spoke to the nation in his _______________, radio addresses in which he told the American people what he hoped to accomplish. 10. The president's attempt to add more justices to the Supreme Court in order to increase his influence with the court became known as _____________ in the press.

9 Reteaching Activity 12 Name of ProgramDescriptionOpposition

10 Reteaching Activity 12 Name of ProgramDescriptionOpposition Securities Act of 1933 a. Required companies that issued stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful information to investors b. Investors in the stock market

11 Reteaching Activity 12 Name of ProgramDescriptionOpposition Securities Act of 1933 a. Required companies that issued stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful information to investors b. Investors in the stock market Public Works Administration a. Awarded contracts for vast construction projects that improved highways and built dams, sewer systems, waterworks, schools, and government facilities. b. Unemployed construction workers

12 Reteaching Activity 12 Name of ProgramDescriptionOpposition Securities Act of 1933 a. Required companies that issued stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful information to investors b. Investors in the stock market Public Works Administration a. Awarded contracts for vast construction projects that improved highways and built dams, sewer systems, waterworks, schools, and government facilities. b. Unemployed construction workers Agricultural Adjustment Acta. Government paid farmers for nonproduction of certain crops or livestock in order to decrease the farm surplus and raise farm income b. Farmers

13 Reteaching Activity 12 Name of ProgramDescriptionOpposition National Industrial Recovery Act a. Set up codes of fair competition for industrial producers; shortened work hours; established minimum wage level; outlawed child labor; gave workers right to unionize. b. union workers; some businesses.

14 Reteaching Activity 12 Name of ProgramDescriptionOpposition National Industrial Recovery Act a. Set up codes of fair competition for industrial producers; shortened work hours; established minimum wage level; outlawed child labor; gave workers right to unionize. b. union workers; some businesses. Social Security Acta. Set up payroll tax to pay for monthly retirement benefits after age 65 and unemployment compensation; assisted certain disabled groups b. retired workers; people with disabilities


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