Presentation on theme: "Going Green and Staying Green: Options for Green Infrastructure (GI) Operation & Maintenance (O&M) in Southeast Wisconsin A Community Conversation with."— Presentation transcript:
Going Green and Staying Green: Options for Green Infrastructure (GI) Operation & Maintenance (O&M) in Southeast Wisconsin A Community Conversation with Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewer District (MMSD) September 18, 2014
Overview of GI O&M Issues Smaller-scale, dispersed strategies Mix of strategies on publicly and privately owned land Mix of current and potential entities with O&M responsibilities and capabilities –MMSD staff –Municipal department staff –Private property owners –Contactors/landscapers –Workforce development organizations –Volunteers Variety of current and potential funding sources
Overview of GI Strategy O&M Needs Varies from strategy to strategy Several factors to consider: –Time commitment –Skill and training –Equipment –Frequency and timing
Rain Harvesting O&M Needs Check for: –Low levels of water –Visible damage and leaks –Debris and obstructions in gutter, downspout, diverter Drain, clean, store cistern or barrel Minimal equipment needs (ladder and hose) Minimal skill
Rain Garden and Native Landscaping O&M Needs Check for: –Litter and plant debris –Weeds and invasives Thin, trim, and weed Add new mulch Replace dead or diseased plants Mow turf Water during hot/dry periods Minimal equipment needs (shovel, rake, shears, mower) Minimal skill
Stormwater Trees O&M Needs Check for: –Exposed tree roots and clumps of grass –Leaning Rake, collect, and dispose/compost leaves Add new mulch Trim dead branches Water during hot/dry periods Minimal equipment needs (shovel, rake, shears, hose) Minimal skill
Bio-Swale O&M Needs Check for: –Water that doesn’t properly drain –Trash and debris –Bare areas, exposed roots, cracks in the soil Remove: –Dead/diseased plants –Materials that might clog Trim vegetation Minimal equipment needs (shovel, rake, shears) Some training required
Wetlands O&M Needs Check for: –Erosion –Clogged riser or bypass structure –Failing riser, barrel, embankment, lining –Leaking low-level release valve –Bare areas Remove: –Dead/diseased plants –Materials that might clog Trim vegetation Revegetate bare spots Minimal equipment needs (shovel, rake, shears) Training required
Discussion Are there other O&M needs (e.g., equipment, training, inspections) for the GI strategies presented?
Current GI O&M Approaches in Southeast Wisconsin MMSD has a 10 yr maintenance requirement associated with GI funding MMSD recently asked municipalities about GI O&M approaches (8 responded) –Two municipalities stated O&M a deterrent to GI implementation –Of six w/GI strategies, five have formal approach for assessing condition –Using a mix of staff, contractors, and volunteers; approaches vary
Discussion How are current approaches to GI O&M working in your municipality/community? What’s your perspective on how GI O&M activities in your municipality/community will change in the future?
Potential Business Models for Improving GI O&M Identified potential business models for GI O&M –Public property –Private property Business models examine associated factors: –Compliance tracking –Inspection –Equipment and training needs –Economic impacts/benefits
Potential O&M Entities Considered in Business Models MMSD Municipalities Contractors Volunteers Property Owners
Centralized Regional Model (GI Strategies on Public Property) MMSD Municipalities Contractors Volunteers Performs all maintenance Integrates GI database with asset management system Conducts/contracts inspections Expand maintenance workforce for seasonal O&M Trains crews Possible inspection support Property Owners
Centralized Regional Model w/Contractors (GI Strategies on Public Property) MMSD Municipalities Contractors Volunteers MMSD responsible, but contracts out maintenance Contractors use MMSD’s GI database Conducts or contracts inspections MMSD oversees contractor activities Can train contractor Increase or decrease contract activity as needed Possible inspection support Maintenance support Property Owners
Regional Model w/Partnerships (GI Strategies on Public Property) MMSD Municipalities Contractors Volunteers MMSD responsible, but partners with volunteers for O&M on select GI strategies MMSD conducts/contracts other maintenance MMSD uses GI database Conducts or contracts inspections MMSD oversees and/or trains volunteers MMSD provides equipment Generates job skills and promotes pride/ownership Possible inspection and maintenance support Smaller scale GI strategy maintenance and inspection support Property Owners
Local Model (GI Strategies on Public Property) Municipalities Contractors Volunteers Responsible for all maintenance Integrates with MMSD’s GI database Conducts/contracts inspections Expand maintenance workforce for seasonal O&M or contract Trains crews or contractors Possible maintenance and inspection support MMSD Possible tracking support Property Owners
Owner-Led Model (GI Strategies on Private Property) Contractors Volunteers Responsible for all maintenance via ordinance or maintenance agreements, but can outsource Self-inspect OR MMSD, municipalities or 3 rd party w/reports to MMSD Expand demand for inspectors or seasonal O&M Training needed for crews or contractors MMSD Possible tracking and inspection support Property Owners Municipalities Possible maintenance and inspection support Possible inspection support
Hybrid Model Based on GI Strategy (GI Strategies on Private Property) Contractors Volunteers Property owners responsible for simple GI strategies, but can outsource MMSD/municipalities responsible for complex GI strategies Self-inspect OR MMSD, municipalities or 3 rd party w/reports to MMSD Expand demand for inspectors or seasonal O&M Training needed for crews or contractors MMSD Maintenance for complex GI; possible inspection support; tracking Property Owners Municipalities Possible maintenance of simple GI and inspection support
Discussion What are the significant challenges associated with each model? Which models are best suited for Southeast Wisconsin and why? Which models would work best for specific GI strategies and why?
Next Steps Community conversations this afternoon More detailed feedback from stakeholders on current/desired O&M approaches Update GI O&M business models based on stakeholder feedback Prepare recommendations Present updated findings and recommendations in October/November