Preliminary Planning How do I select a house and site that will fit my needs and format in AutoCAD?
The Ground (contours):The Structure: Plantings:Utilities: Site Plans Contour matches house and client needs Plan for solar and wind benefits Good drainage Proper location and angle “Curb Appeal” Maximize land use Style matches surroundings Public water and sewer or well and septic/sand mound Gas lines? Electrical service- above or underground? Types and locations to maximize heating and cooling Foundation plants Trees- existing or adding?
Vocabulary Site Plan- Plan used to show land features, utility and structure placement Zoning- Rules governing land use and placement of structures on land Easement- Road locations and set-backs, right- of-way Bearing- direction of property lines, expressed from north List Command- AutoCAD command used to provide information of an objects or area.
Bearing of a Line Property line bearings are read in a clockwise direction listing North or South first, the degree angle from north, then the second bearing (East or West). The length of the property line is also noted. No degrees >90. Ex. N 72 °E 219.6’
Zoning Limits Zoning Limits: Zoning limits are set-backs from the property lines that represent the closest you can build to the edge of your property. Zoning limits vary between municipalities and are usually different at edges bordering roads and other properties. Zoning limits protect homeowners from road expansion projects and from neighbors building too close to the property line. Our zoning limits are as follows: Roadside: 30’ Other properties: 5’ Right-Of-Way: The right-of-way is the roadway area. The right-of-way can be wider than the actual road and include area that represents grass, curbing and sidewalks. Even though you don’t own that property, you can be held responsible for it. Brookside Estates right-of-ways are 50’ (5’ between edge of road and property line).
Topography and Features How do I develop a topographical map in AutoCAD with consideration given to roads, streams and other land features?
Topographical Maps: The contour of ground (also called grade or topography) is represented by contour lines on a map. Contour lines can represent 1’, 5’, 10’, or 100’ increments depending on the details of the map. Brookside Estates uses 5’ increments by default, but you will need to develop the land to 1’ increments.
Waterfalls Pond Outflow Inflow Stream and Waterfall
Using Polylines: A polyline is a connected string of lines and arcs. You can switch from lines to arcs and vice-versa by pressing (L) and (A). Always start with a line, and then switch to arc to maintain smooth, tangent lines. Width of polylines can also be set by typing (W) while in the command. With a little practice, contour lines can be easily drawn using polylines in AutoCAD or ProgeCAD.
Vocabulary: Topography- The contour of the ground- hills, valleys, depressions, etc. Contour Line- A line that represents the elevation change of the topography. Grade- angle, or incline of the ground. Poly Lines- a connected line segment in AutoCAD.
Utilities and Plantings What are my utility requirements and how do I develop them on a plan?
Water:Waste: Natural Gas:Electric: Utilities Use public water where available Need a well where it isn’t available Types of wells: Above ground pump (shallow) Artesian (natural pressure) Submersible pump (deep) Use sewer where available Septic System or Sand Mound where sewer isn’t available Need a certain amount of land for septic. Everyone has electric service Service across property is above ground or underground Poles every 200’ Only available to houses adjacent to service Alternative is propane tank, oil, or electric.
Vocabulary: Utilities- Water, waste, power services Septic- Traditional waste treatment option- tank and drain field Sand Mound- Newer system where waste is filtered before draining Well- water from natural ground source Planting Zones- Climate planting zones Vegetation- trees, shrubs, ground cover
Water: Represented by a circle and label for well or line connection and labels for public water hook-up. Electric: Poles every 200’ or less. Line to house, broken with “E” for reference. Label Pole Number. Natural Gas: If available, you can connect to a natural gas line for cooking and heating. Treat symbol the same as you would a water hook-up. Waste: If you have access to public sewer lines, connect to them and label the manhole number. Otherwise, you will need to create a septic system. The tank should be drawn approx. 4’ x 4’ with at least 100’ of drain field.
Why is a planting schedule important and how do I include those features on my site plan? What do I include? Forest Lines Tree Symbols & names, trunk diameter Shrubs and other foundation plantings Ground Cover Symbol