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SAP- ERP What is ERP? An Enterprise Resource Planning system is a packaged business software system that allows a company to:  Automate.

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Presentation on theme: "SAP- ERP What is ERP? An Enterprise Resource Planning system is a packaged business software system that allows a company to:  Automate."— Presentation transcript:


2 What is ERP? An Enterprise Resource Planning system is a packaged business software system that allows a company to:  Automate and integrate the majority of its business processes  Share common data and practices across the entire enterprise  Produce and access information in a real-time environment

3 What is S A P

4 What is S A P S A P Stands for Systems Applications and Products

5 About SAP SAPSAP ystems, pplications, roducts... Founded in Walldorf, Germany in 1972

6 4th largest independent software supplier in the world Largest ERP vendor More than 2,500,000 users in over 50 countries Over 21,000 R/3 installations worldwide An average of 25% of revenue invested in R&D High customer and employee satisfaction World Leader in enterprise business software solutions World Leader in enterprise business software solutions

7 Why SAP is Unique Highly integrated Comprehensive functionality Complex data structures Availability of data Single point of entry On-line data capture and real-time update Requires strong application knowledge Causes personnel and organizational structure changes Causes business process changes

8 SAP Business Partners Business Development Partners Logo and Implementation Partners Technology Partners Platform Partners

9 Support & Services User Groups CompetenceCenters SAP Employees over 18,330 worldwideHotline ( 24 hours a day 7 days a week ) OSSOnlineServiceSystem RemoteSupport CCMS Computing Center Management System Early Watch Logo/Implementation Partners over 10,000 consultants trained in SAP worldwide Training over 400 different SAP training courses

10 Industries Served By SAP 01 Raw Materials, Mining Agriculture 02Oil and Gas 03Chemical 04Pharmaceutical 05Building Materials, Clay, Glass 06Building and Heavy Construction 07Primary Metal, Metal Products, Steel 08Industrial and Commercial Machinery 09Automotive 10Ship, Aerospace & Train Construction 11Transportation Services, Tourism 12Electronic/Optic Equip., Common Devices 13Wood and Paper 14Furniture 15Consumer Packaged Goods - Food 16Consumer Packaged Goods - Non-Food 17Clothing and Textiles 18Retail and Wholesale 19Communication Services, Media 20Storage, Distribution, Shipping 21Utilities 22Financial Services, Banks and Insurance 23Government, Public Admin. and Services 24Museums and Associations 25Healthcare and Hospitals 26Educational Institutions, Unis, Research 27Consulting, Software 28Services

11 SAP - The Product Original product was SAP R/2 on the mainframe introduced in 1972 SAP R/3 introduced for smaller platforms in 1992 Developed using a fourth generation proprietary language developed by SAP called ABAP/4 Major SAP versions: 2.2h 3.0d, 3.0e, 3.0f, 3.1g, 3.1h, 3,1i 4.0b, 4. 5 b, 4. 6 b, 4. 6 c, , 6.0

12 SAP - Enterprise System

13 SAP - Client/Server Environment Client – Software/hardware combination that can make a request for services from a central repository of resources Server – Software/hardware combination that can provide services to a group of clients in a controlled environment

14 SAP - Three-Tier SAP Structure GUI – Graphical User Interface or Web Interface Application server (one or many) Database server (one single location)

15 SAP Components SAP R/3 is comprised of modules categorized in three core functional areas: Financial Human Resources Logistics Special software packages on top of R/3, targeted to specialized vertical industries: Industry Solutions (IS) Special set of modules positioned between the technical and functional areas of the system: Cross Application (CA) Modules Workflow (WF)

16 Financial Accounting l General Ledger l Accounts Receivable l Accounts Payable l Tax and Financial Reports l Special Purpose Ledger l Legal Consolidations FIFI Financial Applications

17 Controlling l Cost Center Accounting l Profit Center Accounting l Product Cost Controlling l Profitability Analysis l Activity Cost Management l Internal Orders COCO Financial Applications

18 Fixed Asset Management l Depreciation l Property Values l Insurance Policies l Capital Investment Grants AMAM Financial Applications

19 Project System l Project Tracking l Work Breakdown Structure l Budget Management l Cost and Revenue Planning l Networks and Resources PSPS Financial Applications

20 Sales and Distribution l Computer Aided Sales l Quotations l Sales Order Management l Pricing l Delivery l Invoicing SDSD Logistics Applications

21 Materials Management l Procurement l Inventory Management l Vendor Evaluation l Invoice Verification l Warehouse Management MMMM Logistics Applications

22 Production Planning l Sales & Operations Planning l Demand Management l Material Requirements Planning l Production Activity Control l Capacity Planning PPPP Logistics Applications

23 Quality Management l Quality Certificates l Inspection Processing l Planning Tools l Quality Control l Quality Notifications QMQM Logistics Applications

24 Plant Maintenance l Plant Maintenance l Equipment and Technical Objects l Preventive Maintenance l Service Management l Maintenance Order Management PMPM Logistics Applications

25 Human Resources l Personnel Administration l Payroll, Benefits l Time Management l Planning and Development l Organization Management HR Human Resources

26 Industry Solutions l Banks l Hospitals l Oil Companies l Publishing Sector l Telecommunications l Retail l Utilities l Others IS Industry Solutions

27 Audit Cycles Revenue Expenditure Inventory Management Fixed Assets Treasury Payroll/Personnel Business Processes Or: audits specified by your organization e.g. Cross functional, Operational

28 Management Challenges SAP Modules Three Main Functional Categories Multitude of Modules Multitude of Sub-Modules SAP Business Processes Processes Many Audit cycles Auditors will determine how all these components interrelate in order to audit effectively Management should have continuous monitoring processes in place

29 Business/SAP/Audit Process Views Audit Cycles SAP Modules BusinessProcesses Application Level - Client Environment Model Level - SAP Process Model Organizations’ Audit - Business Cycles Implementation Level - SAP Software Model

30 Relationship of Audit to SAP SAP Module Functional Categories, Modules and Components Business Cycles Audits and SAP Modules SAPComponents Audit SAP Processes SAPModules Account Balances (FinancialAccounting) (A/R) (Revenue)

31 Linking Audit Cycles to SAP Modules Expenditure Fixed Assets Inventory Management Payroll and Personnel Revenue Treasury Financial Applications Logistics Applications Human Resources Cross Applications Industry Solutions Audit Business Cycles Basis Component SAP Module Functional Category

32 BOTTOMLINE: When auditing SAP, one should not be concerned so much with which modules or sub- modules they are dealing with. What matters is what functionality is supported by the system and what system functionality we need to audit.

33 Thank You

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