Presentation on theme: "SCF SOLUTIONS Segmentation and Value Proposition of SCF 2012 年 2 月 张晓夏."— Presentation transcript:
SCF SOLUTIONS Segmentation and Value Proposition of SCF 2012 年 2 月 张晓夏
SCF SOLUTIONS Chapter 4 Segmentation of SCF Solutions Supply Chain Finance solutions are segmented by: Supply Chain Finance solutions are segmented by: 1 geographic aspects 1 geographic aspects 2 payment methods 2 payment methods 3 different types of platforms 3 different types of platforms 4 the market players 4 the market players
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.1 Geographic Boundaries Cross-border transactions vs Domestic transactions: Cross-border transactions vs Domestic transactions: 1 multiple currencies 1 multiple currencies 2 different languages 2 different languages 3 multiple legal jurisdictions 3 multiple legal jurisdictions Exp: The lien of an A/R Exp: The lien of an A/R
SCF SOLUTIONS 现状： 现状： cross-border payments: slow, inefficient and costly cross-border payments: slow, inefficient and costly The increase in global trade SCF:Improvement in the efficiency and effectiveness of cross-border payments can be reached with adequate SCF solutions,
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.2 Payment Methods 4.2.1 Letter of Credit （信用证 L/C ） 4.2.1 Letter of Credit （信用证 L/C ） 4.2.2 Open Account O/A 4.2.2 Open Account O/A
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.2.1 Letter of Credit （ L/C ） based on documents based on documents The weakness ： The weakness ： 1 the cost 2 high discrepancy rates （ presented documents as well as the cost- intensive administrative processes related to manual document checking. ）
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.2.2 Open Account O/A according to the agreed terms. according to the agreed terms. The weakness ： The weakness ： fully on the financial creditworthiness risks ： risks ： 1 The absence of documents and banking channels 2 The exporter might pursue collection abroad, difficult and costly. 3 receivables :harder to finance
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.3.1 Focal Company 特点： 特点： 1 the primary drivers of SCF 1 the primary drivers of SCF 2 exporter (supplier) & importer (buyer) 2 exporter (supplier) & importer (buyer) 3 mostly large 3 mostly large SCF solutions require a certain size SCF solutions require a certain size ( efficient and profitable) ( efficient and profitable) Eg: IBM Lenovo Eg: IBM Lenovo
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.3.2 Suppliers and Buyers as a supplier or buyer. as a supplier or buyer. benefit from: benefit from: 1. SCF arrangements :shorter payment terms on the supplier side 2. extended credit limit facilities on the buyer side. mostly smaller than the focal company and are introduced to an SCF solution by the focal company. mostly smaller than the focal company and are introduced to an SCF solution by the focal company.
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.3.3 Funders and Risk Takers Financing institutions Financing institutions offer various types of financing. Banks and risk takers ： Banks and risk takers ： 1. provide risk management services （ leverage the supply chain relationship between parties ） 2. offer risk mitigation 风险消减 （ areas: country risk, liquidity risk, commodity risk, interest risk and foreign exchange. ） （ areas: country risk, liquidity risk, commodity risk, interest risk and foreign exchange. ）
SCF SOLUTIONS Eg : the main funders 1 IBM Global Financing 1 IBM Global Financing Target customers: Middle market, large multinationals Customers ： Nortel 北电网络有限公司 ---- 业界知名的 IT 产品 公司, Juniper, Lenovo, Advanced Micro Devices Comments ： Finance arm of IBM 2 GE Capital 通用电气金融服务公司 2 GE Capital 通用电气金融服务公司 Customers ： Konica ， Minolta, Cisco Finance arm of General Electric 3 Siemens Financial Services 3 Siemens Financial Services 4 HSBC 4 HSBC 5 Wells Fargo 5 Wells Fargo
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.3.4 SCF Service Providers the enablers of SCF the enablers of SCF 作用： 1 facilitate the process of reconciliation 作用： 1 facilitate the process of reconciliation exchanging Pos( 邮政汇票 ), invoices, credit notes( 欠款票据 ), payments and related information as well as helping integrate this information between the different supply chain constituents. exchanging Pos( 邮政汇票 ), invoices, credit notes( 欠款票据 ), payments and related information as well as helping integrate this information between the different supply chain constituents. 2 offer services 2 offer services credit risk management (CRM), the setup of SCF programs and the legal infrastructure for SCF participants. credit risk management (CRM), the setup of SCF programs and the legal infrastructure for SCF participants. 3 bring various parties together such as funders, risk takers, buyers and vendors and understand the needs of each party 3 bring various parties together such as funders, risk takers, buyers and vendors and understand the needs of each party
SCF SOLUTIONS Eg: the main SCF service providers Global Supply Chain Finance Global Supply Chain Finance Trade Card Trade Card 一 B2B 电子商务交易平台 （ http://www.tradecard.com. ），提供国际贸易相 关业者使用之跨国贸易网路，所有买卖交易及款 项收付皆可透过该电子商务交易平台完成，系一 无纸化之交易流程。目前主要承做之地区为美国、 加拿大、香港、台湾、新加坡、韩国、日本等地 区。 一 B2B 电子商务交易平台 （ http://www.tradecard.com. ），提供国际贸易相 关业者使用之跨国贸易网路，所有买卖交易及款 项收付皆可透过该电子商务交易平台完成，系一 无纸化之交易流程。目前主要承做之地区为美国、 加拿大、香港、台湾、新加坡、韩国、日本等地 区。 http://www.tradecard.com.
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.4 Platform Types 4.4.1 L/C and O/A platforms 4.4.2 Risk Management Systems 4.4.3 Third Party Financing Platforms 目的： facilitating and accelerating informational and financial flows 目的： facilitating and accelerating informational and financial flows 方式： different types of financing and payment arrangements between the supply chain partners. 方式： different types of financing and payment arrangements between the supply chain partners.
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.4.1 L/C and O/A Platforms L/C Letter of credit platforms L/C Letter of credit platforms 1. 1. aim at facilitating and ccelerating the L/C process. 2. 2. costs are driven down
SCF SOLUTIONS O/A Open account platform O/A Open account platform 1. supports a company ’ s trade performed in an O/A environment 2. offering transparency 3. automation 4. decision support (usually being operated via banks or applied by companies directly)
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.4.2 Risk Management Systems Provided by service providers Provided by service providers Credit risk management （ CRM 信贷风险管理 ） systems risk monitoring, collection of financials, risk assessment, rating and reporting. Credit risk management （ CRM 信贷风险管理 ） systems risk monitoring, collection of financials, risk assessment, rating and reporting. Transaction risk management (TRM) systems Transaction risk management (TRM) systems 1. collects information 2. increase information transparency
SCF SOLUTIONS 4.4.3 Third Party Financing Platforms This solution ’ s approaches mainly focus on working capital optimization through C2C cycle reduction and risk mitigation Offer the important prerequisites of transparency (=risk mitigation) and automation (=accelerated data processing) Facilitates collaboration and enables triggers for third party financing at lower risk premiums (because of transparency) and at the right point in time (because of automation).
SCF SOLUTIONS 188.8.131.52 Export Financing Platforms In export financing solutions, the relevant focus is on A/R.
SCF SOLUTIONS 184.108.40.206 Import Financing Platforms the focus is on the A/P of the focal company, the importer
SCF SOLUTIONS 220.127.116.11 Inventory Financing Platforms 作用： enables the exploitation of growth opportunities 作用： enables the exploitation of growth opportunities 适合： small and medium capitalized entities 适合： small and medium capitalized entities 限制因素： 限制因素： 1 amount of capital made available through inventory financing is limited 1 amount of capital made available through inventory financing is limited 2 the costs of this financing method are high 2 the costs of this financing method are high
SCF SOLUTIONS Chapter 5 Value Proposition of SCF
SCF SOLUTIONS The quantitative benefits include: Funding, liquidity and working capital savings; Risk cost savings; and Administrative cost savings. The qualitative benefits of SCF solutions include: Reporting benefits; Enhanced supply chain relationships; and Enhanced compliance worthiness.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.1 Funding, Liquidity and Working Capital Savings The cost of Inventory and A/R funding can be measured via the WACC( 加权平均资金成本 ). payment will be received from the funder. Through innovative SCF solutions assets can be isolated and funded at a cost significantly below either the company ’ s WACC or the marginal cost of debt. Save assets costs, Save assets costs, 并利用节约资金再投资，从而减 少整体 WACC 加权平均资金成本。
SCF SOLUTIONS For buyers For buyers 1. receive any required working capital through increased credit limits within a SCF program. 2. provides a flexible pipeline of working capital with which to fund the cash cycle on a given product. These credit limits are generally accounted for as trade credits in comparison to short-term debts. Therefore, their leverage can be kept low and the company ’ s credit rating can be protected.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.2 Risk Cost Savings 现状：由 L/C 转向 O/A 现状：由 L/C 转向 O/A SCF provides ： SCF provides ： the assurance of payment 结果： a lower cost of credit risk than typical credit insurance premiums 来源于 Transparency: provide the risk taker — which could be a bank or a credit insurer — with highly transparent views of financial and operational risks.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.3 Administrative Cost Savings SCF solutions provide cost improvements on several administrative tasks within supply chain transactions such as reconciliation and credit limit management: With an automated system, reconciliation can be accomplished earlier, faster and at much lower cost.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.3 Administrative Cost Savings A two-step matching process (Electronic): Firstly, on the payment from the funder to the vendor where all remittance( 汇款 ) details are provided to the vendor by the SCF system Secondly, upon receipt of the payment from the buyer, the cash is matched with the original invoice details and then notified to the funder accordingly.
SCF SOLUTIONS Monitoring credit limits and in real-time is difficult for vendors. SCF service providers have specialized staff to assess credit risk and provide financial analysis as well as standardized credit limit management procedures. Because of economies of scale and dedicated systems, SCF service providers are able to provide this function in a more cost- effective manner.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.4 Reporting Benefits Reporting platforms commonly used in SCF solutions allow all participants access to real- time SCF information. Such reporting solutions contain sufficient detail to allow line item inquiries and provide enhanced transparency to all parties, thereby avoiding the need for constant manual intervention and dispute resolution.
SCF SOLUTIONS SCF solutions not only benefit those directly involved in financial functions, but also provide in-depth analytical data for vendor sales and supplies, logistics and other process areas.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.5 Enhancing Supply Chain Relationships SCF solutions create a new customer relationship channel since they provide the tools and workflow necessary to identify and quickly resolve financial transaction discrepancies and disputes in a mutually agreeable, fact-based manner. The ‘‘ free ’’ financing that results for suppliers is a powerful competitive tool: to obtain the financing a supplier must simply supply products. a compelling effect on interaction behavior and supply chain relationships
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.6 Enhanced Compliance Worthiness With regulations such as the SOX Act.,management needs to understand the effectiveness of internal controls on the sales ledger. Managing compliance with such regulations becomes easier if a company has more standardized and well-managed processes through SCF solutions.
SCF SOLUTIONS 5.7 Summary of Benefits for Supply Chain Constituents Benefits for the focal company: Working capital improvement for reducing required debt and improving cash flow. Possibility of off-balance sheet funding. Mitigation of credit risks. Increased sales growth through liquidity injection into the supply chain. Lower operational costs because of automatic data processing, collection and reconciliation. Improved transparency for all related parties enables more accurate cash flow forecasting, finally enabling lower working capital holdings. Improved collaboration with suppliers and buyers through better communication between trading partners, which might reduce disputes over discrepancies.
SCF SOLUTIONS Benefits for the suppliers or buyers of the focal company: Extended DPO or reduced DSO enabling off-balance sheet funding, which increases overall business opportunities, saves debt and improves credit rating. Automated invoice presentment solution allows viewing real-time information, monitoring invoice and payment status, enabling a more predictable cash flow. Increased transparency reduces any other costs associated with disputes or collection and payment processes.