Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions What You ’ ll Learn  How to record the sale of merchandise on account.  How to use the accounts receivable subsidiary.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions What You ’ ll Learn  How to record the sale of merchandise on account.  How to use the accounts receivable subsidiary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions What You ’ ll Learn  How to record the sale of merchandise on account.  How to use the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.  How to post to the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.  The use of the Sales Tax Payable account, and its rules of debit and credit.  The use of the Sales Returns and Allowances account, and its rules of debit and credit. What You ’ ll Learn  How to record the sale of merchandise on account.  How to use the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.  How to post to the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.  The use of the Sales Tax Payable account, and its rules of debit and credit.  The use of the Sales Returns and Allowances account, and its rules of debit and credit.

2 Why It ’ s Important It is essential to record sales transactions correctly as they reflect the revenue of the business. Why It ’ s Important It is essential to record sales transactions correctly as they reflect the revenue of the business. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Key Terms  sale on account  charge customer  credit cards  sales slip  sales tax  credit terms  accounts receivable subsidiary ledger Key Terms  sale on account  charge customer  credit cards  sales slip  sales tax  credit terms  accounts receivable subsidiary ledger  subsidiary ledger  controlling account  sales return  sales allowance  credit memorandum  contra account  subsidiary ledger  controlling account  sales return  sales allowance  credit memorandum  contra account

3 The Sales Slip A sales slip lists the details of a sale: The Sales Slip A sales slip lists the details of a sale:  The date of the sale.  The name of the customer.  The description, quantity, and price of the item(s) sold.  The date of the sale.  The name of the customer.  The description, quantity, and price of the item(s) sold. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

4 Sales Tax Most states and some cities tax the retail sale of goods and services. This tax is called a sales tax. The sales tax rate is usually stated as a percentage of the sale, such as 5%. The business keeps a record of the sales tax owed to the state in a liability account called Sales Tax Payable. Sales Tax Payable Debit – Decrease Side Credit + Increase Side Normal Balance Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

5 Credit Terms  Credit terms state the time allowed for payment.  The credit terms for the sale to Casey Klein are n/30.  The “n” stands for the net, or total, amount of the sale.  The “30” stands for the number of days the customer has to pay for the merchandise.  Credit terms state the time allowed for payment.  The credit terms for the sale to Casey Klein are n/30.  The “n” stands for the net, or total, amount of the sale.  The “30” stands for the number of days the customer has to pay for the merchandise. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

6 The Accounts Receivable Ledger The accounts receivable subsidiary ledger contains an account for each charge customer. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) General Ledger Accounts Receivable—controlling account$10,000 Accounts Receivable Subsidiary Ledger Individual Accounts Within Ledger: Brown, Joshua$2,000 Clark, Gillian3,000 Greene, Jason1,000 Perez, Sarita4,000 Total$10,000 General Ledger Accounts Receivable—controlling account$10,000 Accounts Receivable Subsidiary Ledger Individual Accounts Within Ledger: Brown, Joshua$2,000 Clark, Gillian3,000 Greene, Jason1,000 Perez, Sarita4,000 Total$10,000 Controlling account balance equals total of accounts in subsidiary ledger.

7 The Accounts Receivable Subsidiary Ledger Form  The subsidiary ledger account form has lines at the top for the name and address of the customer. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

8 Business Transaction ANALYSIS Identify1.The accounts affected are Accounts Receivable (controlling), Accounts Receivable—Casey Klein (subsidiary), Sales, and Sales Tax Payable. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Recording Sales on Account Recording Sales on Account On December 1 On Your Mark sold merchandise on account to Casey Klein for $200 plus sales tax of $12, Sales Slip 50.

9 Business Transaction (con’t.) ANALYSIS Classify2.Accounts Receivable (controlling) and Accounts Receivable—Casey Klein (subsidiary) are asset accounts. Sales is a revenue account. Sales Tax Payable is a liability account. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Recording Sales on Account (con ’ t.) On December 1 On Your Mark sold merchandise on account to Casey Klein for $200 plus sales tax of $12, Sales Slip 50.

10 Business Transaction (con’t.) ANALYSIS + / –3.Accounts Receivable (controlling) and Accounts Receivable—Casey Klein (subsidiary) are increased by the total amount, $212 (dollar amount of merchandise sold plus sales tax). Sales is increased by the dollar amount of merchandise sold, $200. Sales Tax Payable is increased by the amount of sales tax charged, $12. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Recording Sales on Account (con ’ t.) On December 1 On Your Mark sold merchandise on account to Casey Klein for $200 plus sales tax of $12, Sales Slip 50.

11 Business Transaction (con’t.) Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Recording Sales on Account (con ’ t.) On December 1 On Your Mark sold merchandise on account to Casey Klein for $200 plus sales tax of $12, Sales Slip 50. DEBIT-CREDIT RULE 4.Increases to asset accounts are recorded as debits. Debit Accounts Receivable (controlling) for $212. Also debit Accounts Receivable—Casey Klein (subsidiary) for $ Increases to revenue and liability accounts are recorded as credits. Credit Sales for $200 and Sales Tax Payable for $12.

12 T ACCOUNTS 6. Accounts ReceivableSales Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Recording Sales on Account (con ’ t.) Business Transaction (con’t.) On December 1 On Your Mark sold merchandise on account to Casey Klein for $200 plus sales tax of $12, Sales Slip 50. Debit Credit Credit – Debit – Accounts Receivable Subsidiary LedgerSales Tax Casey KleinPayable Debit Credit – Debit – Credit + 200

13 Business Transaction (con’t.) Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) Recording Sales on Account (con ’ t.) On December 1 On Your Mark sold merchandise on account to Casey Klein for $200 plus sales tax of $12, Sales Slip 50. JOURNAL ENTRY 7.

14 Sales Returns and Allowances  Any merchandise returned for credit or a cash refund is called a sales return.  A price reduction granted for damaged goods kept by the customer is called a sales allowance.  Any merchandise returned for credit or a cash refund is called a sales return.  A price reduction granted for damaged goods kept by the customer is called a sales allowance. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

15 Sales Returns and Allowances (con ’ t.)  A credit memorandum lists the details of a sales return or allowance. Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

16 The Sales Returns and Allowances Account  decreases the total revenue earned by a business;  summarizes the total returns and allowances for damaged, defective, or other otherwise unsatisfactory merchandise;  is a contra account.  decreases the total revenue earned by a business;  summarizes the total returns and allowances for damaged, defective, or other otherwise unsatisfactory merchandise;  is a contra account. Sales Returns and Allowances Debit + Increase Side Normal Balance Credit – Decrease Side Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)

17 Business Transaction Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.) On December 4 On Your Mark issued Credit Memorandum 124 to Gabriel Ramos for the return of merchandise purchased on account, $150 plus $9 sales tax. JOURNAL ENTRY 7. The Sales Returns and Allowances Account

18 Check Your Understanding Businesses collect sales tax from customers. In what account is the sales tax recorded? Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions (con’t.)


Download ppt "Section 2Analyzing Sales Transactions What You ’ ll Learn  How to record the sale of merchandise on account.  How to use the accounts receivable subsidiary."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google