3 A journal does not show, in one place, all the changes in a single account. A form is used to summarize in one place all the changes to a single account.
4 Relationship of a T Account to an Account Form An account form is based on and includes the debit and credit sides of a T account.The major disadvantage of the account form shown is that no current, up-to-date account balance is shown.
5 Relationship of a T Account to an Account Form Continued Because the form has columns for the debit and credit balance, it is often referred to as the balance-ruled account form.The account balance is calculated and recorded as each entry is recorded in the account.
6 Chart of Accounts A group of accounts is called a ledger. A ledger that contains all accounts needed to prepare financial statements is called a general ledger.The number assigned to an account is called an account number
7 Chart of Accounts Continued Accounts in a general ledger are arranged in the same order as they appear on financial statements.5 General Ledger Divisions:AssetsLiabilitiesOwner’s EquityRevenueExpenses
8 Account NumbersEncore Music assigns a 3-digit account number to each account.The first digit of each account number shows the general ledger division in which the account is located.The second two digits indicate the location of each account within a general ledger division.Ex. 120 Accounts Receivable – Terry Vaughn
9 Account Numbers Continued Initially assigns account numbers by 10s so that new accounts can be added in between.The procedure for arranging accounts in a general ledger, assigning account numbers, and keeping record current is called file maintenance.As the number of general ledger accounts increases, a business may change to four or more digits.
10 Opening an Account in a General Ledger Writing an account title and number on the heading of an account is called opening an account.A general ledger account is opened for each account listed on a chart of accounts.-they are arranged in the same order as in the chart of accounts.
11 5.2 Posting Separate Amounts from a Journal to a General Ledger
12 Posting an Amount from a General Debit Column Transferring info from a journal entry to a ledger account is called posting.2 rules for posting amounts from a journal1. Separate amounts in a journal’s general amount columns are posted individually to the account written in the Account Title column.2. Separate amounts in a journal’s special amount columns are not posted individually.
13 Posting a Second Amount to an Account The numbers in the Post Ref. column serve 3 purposes:1. An entry in an account can be traced to its source in a journal.2. An entry in a journal can be traced to where it was posted in an account.3. If posting is interrupted, the accounting personnel can easily see which entries in the journal still need to be postedThe posting reference is always recorded in the journal as the last step in the posting procedure.
14 5.3 Posting Column Totals from a Journal to a General Ledger
15 Check Marks Show That Amounts Are Not Posted Journal Entries that are not posted individually:These include forwarding totals and amounts recorded in special amount columns.Separate amounts in the special amount columns are not posted individually – Sales Credit, Cash Debit, Cash Credit – Instead these totals of the special amount columns are posted.
16 Check Marks Show That Amounts Are Not Posted Continued Totals of General Debit and General Credit Amount ColumnsAll of the separate amounts in the General Debit and General Credit amount columns are posted individually – column totals are not posted – (/) placed there instead.ONLY THE TOTALS OF SPECIAL AMOUNT COLUMNS ARE POSTED!