PACKAGING Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use.
W HY DO WE PACK OUR F OOD ? Because if the product is not packed, it could be damaged or deteriorated, which means it could even be dangerous for us.
I DEAL FOOD PACKAGING protects food from outside influences and damage provides information to consumers permits product tracability allows product marketing is tamper-proof does not affect the food's quality can be produced with minimal environmental impact (chemical pollution, energy, emissions)
IF THE PRODUTS AREN’T PACKED RIGHT,WHAT HAPPENS? The quality of food can be deteriorated and package can be changed,it can lose its own protection so the package shouldnt be made of a substance that is unhealthy and can interract with the substance due to a tempature change...!
T HE PACKAGE There are many different ways to pack products, because every product has a different structure. Scientists keep developing new packages for different products. Packages manufactured by nano- technology are being used for packing the products.
T YPES OF PACKAGING MATERIAL : The packaging can be made of different materials: Glass packaging: Resistant to bacteria Can be transparent It is healthy Aluminum packaging: Provides long shelf life for food Industrial experiences are high Barrier properties are really good
T YPES OF PACKAGING MATERIAL : Wooden packaging: It is cheap Can be used more than once If it gets wet, it might rot. Plastic packaging: It is lighter than glass It is resistant to bacteria If it is exposed to much sunlight, it might turn into a chemical danger.
T YPES OF PACKAGING Primary packaging - materials in direct contact with the packaged product. Secondary packaging - a second coating, used for protection or to create a more appealing aspect for the purchase. Tertiary packaging - (e.g. in large cardboard boxes, platforms, etc.) - connected with transport of goods. Tanks or other can serve as a primary and tertiary packaging.
F ORMS OF PACKAGING CARDBOARD – could contain diisopropyl- naphthalene, which could migrate into food. PVC plastic - its manufacture and destruction produce dioxins, responsible for cancer and hormone disruption. CLING FILM – can contaminate some sorts foods. Do not use it in contact with microwaved food. POLYSTYRENE - can contain chemicals that can migrate into food. More research needed to state their safety
T HE INFORMATION HAS TO BE ON THE PACKAGING I S ; The physical description of the product The name and address of the company (producer, packer or seller) The net quantity The date of expiry (only vegetables and fruits have no expiration date) Ingredients Storage conditions Weight/ litres
T HE EFFECTS OF THE PACKAGING ON PEOPLE : They are more eager to buying it They think it is healthy (even when it is not) They believe it contains less sugar (light products) The products may look more natural due to the packaging
S YMBOLS ON PACKAGES Do not use hand hooks This way up Keep away from sunlight Keep away from water Centre of gravityClamp as indicated Do not clamp as indicated
I NTERESTING FACTS ON PACKAGING WITH REGARDS TO MARKETING : Most yoghurts do not contain much fruit or milk, although the packaging makes us believe they do Dairy products for children look tasty and funny, to attract the target audience In general the packaging tries to manipulate us into thinking that the product is healthier than it actually is. Fair-trade products are often easier to recycle
Buy food in glass or metal containers Avoid heating food in plastic containers, or storing fatty foods in plastic containers or plastic wrap Do not give young children plastic teethers or toys Use natural fiber clothing, bedding and furniture Avoid all PVC and Styrene products Packages are good if they are used and made right... Don’t buy the product if there’s a hole in the package or the sign of any damages. Don’t throw away them but Recycle them..! R ECOMMENDATIONS
THANKS FOR YOUR PARTICIPATION By M. Rasit Toprak (Turkish Team) 6 Florian rath (Austrıan Team)