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G LOBAL T HREAT R EDUCTION I NITIATIVE D OMESTIC V OLUNTARY S ECURITY E NHANCEMENTS FOR N ON -P OWER N UCLEAR R EACTORS AND R ADIOACTIVE M ATERIAL F ACILITIES.

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Presentation on theme: "G LOBAL T HREAT R EDUCTION I NITIATIVE D OMESTIC V OLUNTARY S ECURITY E NHANCEMENTS FOR N ON -P OWER N UCLEAR R EACTORS AND R ADIOACTIVE M ATERIAL F ACILITIES."— Presentation transcript:

1 G LOBAL T HREAT R EDUCTION I NITIATIVE D OMESTIC V OLUNTARY S ECURITY E NHANCEMENTS FOR N ON -P OWER N UCLEAR R EACTORS AND R ADIOACTIVE M ATERIAL F ACILITIES O RGANIZATION OF A GREEMENT S TATES A NNUAL M EETING A UGUST 2011 UNCLASSIFIED

2 GTRI Mission  Mission: Reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide  Goals:  Convert research reactors and isotope production facilities from HEU to LEU (permanent threat reduction)  Remove and dispose of excess nuclear and radiological materials (permanent threat reduction)  Protect high priority nuclear and radiological materials from theft and sabotage 2 UNCLASSIFIED

3 Global Partners UNCLASSIFIED 3

4 Primary Materials of Concern in the United States Cs-137: Self-shielded irradiators (research and sterilization), brachytherapy (cancer treatment), and calibrators (dosimeter and detector calibration) Co-60: Teletherapy and Gamma Knife units (cancer treatment), self-shielded and panoramic irradiators (research and sterilization) Ir-192: Brachytherapy (cancer treatment) and radiography (industrial imaging) Am-241: Oil well logging (industrial imaging) 4 UNCLASSIFIED Radiological Material NRC-led US interagency task force endorsed definitions, radioactive sources, and thresholds for RDDs and REDs of national significance. The analysis identified 16 radionuclides that met the criteria. An additional seven materials could be considered, but only at production facilities where they may be found in large quantities. Spent nuclear fuel also meets the criteria and is included in GTRI’s list. Spent Nuclear Fuel: Non-Power Reactors (research and isotope production)

5 GTRI’s Domestic Mission  GTRI provides voluntary security assistance which includes:  Removal of disused or unwanted radioactive sources;  Voluntary security enhancements;  Specialized training for local law enforcement;  No-fault table top exercises;  Transportation Security 5 UNCLASSIFIED

6 Relationship to Regulatory Orders and Requirements  The NRC and State regulatory agencies working together have created a strong and effective regulatory framework that includes licensing, inspection, and enforcement. This partnership ensures the security of 32 civilian nuclear research and test reactors and over 60,000 high-risk radioactive sources without adversely impacting their beneficial uses. This framework provides a common baseline level of security to ensure adequate protection of public health and safety and the common defense and security.  NNSA works with the NRC, the materials licensees and state, local and tribal governments to build on the existing regulatory requirements by providing voluntary security enhancements.  These voluntary security enhancements are complementary to and do not replace the licensees requirements to meet NRC and Agreement State regulations.  The voluntary security enhancements are sound, cost- effective, and prudent best practices which further improve security above regulatory requirements.  NRC published information summaries about GTRI programs  RIS The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) Federally Funded Voluntary Security Enhancements For High-Risk Radiological Material, 1/21/2010, NRC ADAMS ML  Partnership for Securing Nuclear and Radioactive Materials, 3/31/2010, NRC ADAMS ML  GTRI notifies the appropriate regulatory agency before GTRI initiates work at a site  GTRI sends out credential letters for its staff and contractors who visit a site UNCLASSIFIED 6

7 GTRI Site Prioritization  Prioritization Factors:  Site Requests / Volunteers  Material Attractiveness*  UASI Region Proximity  IDD Candidates  Co-Location  Strategic Partnerships  Constraining Factors:  Budget  Regional Approach * Consistent with IAEA Category 1 and 2 definitions UNCLASSIFIED

8 GTRI Security Enhancement Process  Voluntary and Site Specific  Proposed enhancements designed specifically for, and negotiated with, each site and local law enforcement agency  Federally Funded  Assessments, equipment, installation, procedures, and training  Minimum 3 years of equipment warranty and maintenance provided  In return for enhancements sites are expected to use, maintain, exercise and sustain equipment and procedures (documented in a “Sustainability Statement” which indicates the site’s good faith commitment to operate and maintain federally funded security enhancements) Volunteer (Licensee) Assess (NNSA) Design (NNSA/Licensee) Agree (Licensee) Install (NNSA) Test/Train (NNSA) Operate/ Maintain (Licensee) Contract (NNSA/Licensee) UNCLASSIFIED 8

9 Principles of GTRI Security Enhancements 9 UNCLASSIFIED Prompt Detection and Reliable Notification Extended Adversary Task Time Timely, Aware, Equipped, and Trained Response GTRI CONTAINMENT STRATEGY DETECTDELAYRESPOND

10 Sample Security Enhancements Tamper Indication: Broken seal will result in transmission of images and alarms wirelessly Remote Monitoring System (RMS): Critical alarms trigger notification and assessment at multiple on-site and off-site monitoring stations Area Radiation Detector: Release of radiation triggers alarm and data transmission Dual Technology Motion Sensors: Motion or heat triggers alarm Balanced Magnetic Switch (BMS): Unauthorized entry triggers alarm Multi-Factor Access Control: Requires combination of card, pin, or biometric scan for entry 10 UNCLASSIFIED Prompt Detection and Reliable Notification DETECT

11 Sample Security Enhancements In-Device Delay (IDD) Kit: Increases time needed to access sources in certain radiation devices 11 UNCLASSIFIED Extended Adversary Task Time DELAY Device Tie-Downs and security Cages: Increases time needed to remove entire device Facility Hardening: Security doors, bulletproof glass, and egress security grating increases time needed to enter or exit a room

12 Sample Security Enhancements On-Site and Off-Site Alarm Monitoring: Enhanced on-site alarm integration systems and remote monitoring system review stations for instantaneous off-site critical alarm notification 12 UNCLASSIFIED Timely, Aware, Equipped, and Trained Response RESPOND Local Law Enforcement Outreach and Awareness: LLEA and FBI Information sharing, outreach meetings, and inclusion in all GTRI security assessment visits Personal Radiation Detector: Assists responders in protecting themselves when responding to a potential radiological theft incident Alarm Response Training and Table Top Exercises: No-fault training and exercises for on-site and off-site responders to nuclear and radiological facilities

13 GTRI Remote Monitoring System 13 UNCLASSIFIED

14 In-Device Delay (IDD)  Passive barrier attached directly to the shielding, underneath the irradiator covers, over likely point(s) of source removal  Provides significant additional access delay over unhardened unit  IDD benefits are maximized if used in conjunction with detection and response elements of a security system 14 UNCLASSIFIED

15 Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, TN Realistic scenarios using radioactive sources, irradiators and security equipment Classroom instruction and hands-on exercises GTRI Alarm Response Training Three-day course for first responders that teaches site security and local law enforcement how to protect themselves and their communities when responding to alarms indicating the possible theft/sabotage of civilian nuclear and radioactive materials. DHS certified and included in the DHS training course catalog Personal Radiation Device (PRD) “Train the Trainer” Course Research and Test Reactor Course Trained to current GTRI standard security upgrades, RFID Tamper indicating devices, Remote Monitoring System, etc. GTRI pays for all attendee costs except for salary (e.g. travel, lodging, car rental, and per diem) 15 UNCLASSIFIED

16 GTRI Table Top Exercises Players and participants usually include: Federal (FBI, DHS, DOE) State (Emergency Management, Regulator, etc.) Local /Private (Site Personnel, RSO, Site Security, LLEA, Fire Department, County/City Personnel, etc.) Promote cross-sector communications, cooperation, and team building among Federal, State, local, and private sector first responders Prepare site-specific integrated response plan with Federal, State, local and private sector partners Examine newly developed tactics, techniques, and procedures resulting from GTRI voluntary security enhancements One day (~6 hours) near-real time game play customized to your specific site Realistic events based on actual FBI threat information Video injections with mock-media involvement for fast paced action Challenges first responders to: Stop theft Recover missing material Execute post-dispersal consequence management FBI and NNSA sponsor no-fault, site-specific scenarios where Federal, State, Local, and Private sector officials can exercise their response to terrorist acts involving nuclear and radioactive materials. UNCLASSIFIED 16

17 GTRI Progress 17 UNCLASSIFIED  Security Enhancements  Identified an estimated 2,795 buildings that meet GTRI criteria for assistance  271 buildings completed  264 buildings assessed and in progress  122 additional buildings have volunteered and are awaiting assessments  In-Device Delay  Completed 245 installations out of 843 known candidate devices  Industry partners (irradiator manufacturers) have begun to incorporate hardening into production of new devices  Alarm Response Training and Table Top Exercises  Conducted 36 ART courses and trained 1,268 students from 23 states and Washington, D.C.  16 ART courses planned in FY2012  Conducted 16 TTXs in 14 states with one additional TTX planned in FY2011 (NY)  Tentatively planning 7 TTXs in FY2012 in MA, HI, CA, VA, WA, OH, and NC

18 Security Enhancement Progress by State 18 UNCLASSIFIED StateTotal (Est.)CompletedIn-ProgressVolunteered AK17000 AL60011 AR24160 AZ10100 CA CO38661 CT30231 DC12340 DE4001 FL GA GU1000 HI13700 IA21010 ID6001 IL80992 IN77080 KS23100 KY18014 LA83002 MA MD ME10000 MI MN41050 MO35400 MS24200 StateTotal (Est.)CompletedIn-ProgressVolunteered MT11030 NC ND14000 NE27010 NH7001 NJ NM26100 NV8000 NY OH OK72030 OR22110 PA PR10002 RI15040 SC43013 SD4000 TN62582 TX UT28430 VA78053 VI1000 VT3000 WA58590 WI41001 WV12021 WY7000 Grand Total 2,

19 Regional and Industry Outreach 19 UNCLASSIFIED  Regional Outreach and Coordination  GTRI has partnered with state regulators, local law enforcement and the FBI to conduct regional outreach meetings and workshops to increase awareness and kick off regional security enhancement projects  Currently conducting coordinated regional efforts in Philadelphia, State of New York, New York City, Chicago, State of New Jersey, Washington, D.C., East Tennessee, Commonwealth of Kentucky, Los Angeles and Orange County (CA)  Large-scale regional alarm monitoring agreements with several major metropolitan, county or state police departments  Industry Outreach  GTRI, in coordination with other state and federal partners, conducts industry outreach meetings and workshops to increase awareness and explore areas for GTRI security enhancement assistance  Current efforts included:  Radioactive material shippers and carriers  Well-Logging Security Initiative  Radiography industry (NDTMA)  Panoramic irradiation companies

20 Questions and GTRI Contacts Questions? Ioanna Iliopulos Office Director North and South American Threat Reduction Pete Tensmeyer Deputy Directory North and South American Threat Reduction UNCLASSIFIED 20


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