2Agenda Overview Modes of Operation Installation Programming Features, Specifications, Message Formats, Model Variations, and Radio RequirementsModes of OperationFactory, Quiet, Run, Audit, GeoModeInstallationRemote, Integral Mount, and Pit Box/LidProgrammingEndpoints and Telemetry DevicesTroubleshootingFailure to read and Tamper EventsMaintenanceEnsuring reliability
4100 Series Water Endpoint Features Available configurationsIntegral mount (remote model)5-foot flying lead cable20-inch flying lead cable8-inch Inline ConnectorCapabilitiesLeak detectionCommunication error (Cut Detected flag)Cut Cable FlagReverse flow detectionDataloggingTelemetry Devices (100W+ endpoints)Transmission modes set in programmingFixed Network modeMobile and Handheld modeMobile High Power modeHard to Read modeGeoMode (100W+ endpoints)
5Transmission Modes Type Bubble-up time Power output Standard SCM or SCM+ mobile bubble-upSCM: 9-second intervalSCM+: 10 second interval10 dBm (10 mW)(Optional) SCM or SCM+ mobile “Hard to Read” bubble-up*30-second interval24 dBm (500 mW)(Optional) mobile high power mode (Park-n-Read)60-second interval24 dBm (250 mW)Datalogging response2-way On-demand24 to 27 dBm(250 mW to 500 mW)Fixed Network bubble-upstandard SCM or SCM+Network Interval Message (NIM)300-second interval27 dBm (500 mW)GeoModeGeo NIM at 12 min interval and standard NIM at 6 min interval22-27 dBm (158 mW-500 mW)* Battery life is affected
6Message FormatsEndpoints are manufactured with a specific message format enabled, either SCM or SCM+. These settings cannot be changed by the end user.100W Series (Standard Consumption Message—SCM)Can read up to 8 digit or 10 digit registers depending on manufacturing dateMobile (SCM) and Fixed NetworkTruncates meter reading to 7 digits; truncation method varies by manufacturing dateTamper information includes: Cut Cable, Communication Error, Leak status, Reverse Flow statusEndpoint Types limited to 16100W+ Series (Standard Consumption Message Plus—SCM+)Can read up to 10 digit registersTruncates meter reading to most significant9 digitsIncreased tamper/status indicatorsEndpoint Types expanded to 128Remote Disconnect Valve SupportGeoModeItron Security Manager
7Message FormatsEndpoints are manufactured with a specific message format enabled, either SCM or SCM+. These settings cannot be changed by the end user.100W Series (Standard Consumption Message—SCM)Can read up to 8 digit or 10 digit registers depending on manufacturing dateMobile (SCM) and Fixed NetworkTruncates meter reading to 7 digits; truncation method varies by manufacturing dateTamper information includes: Cut Cable, Communication Error, Leak status, Reverse Flow statusEndpoint Types limited to 16Manufacturing DatesWith Leak Sensor:12/07/11 to 3/27/12Without Leak Sensor:02/10/12 to 3/16/12With Leak Sensor:03/26/12 to 07/02/12Without Leak Sensor:03/16/12 to 07/13/12With Leak Sensor:07/18/12 to PresentWithout Leak Sensor:07/09/12 to PresentUp To 8 Digit Register ReadingUp To 10 Digit Register ReadingUp To 10 Digit Register Reading1235467123456789123456789Mobile/Handheld & Fixed Network ResponseMobile/Handheld & Fixed Network ResponseMobile/Handheld & Fixed Network Response7123546123456789123456789
8Message Formats 100W+ Series (Standard Consumption Message Plus—SCM+) Can read up to 10 digit registersMobile (SCM+) and Fixed NetworkTruncates meter reading to most significant 9 digitsIncreased Tamper/Status IndicatorsEndpoint Types Expanded to 128Remote Disconnect Valve SupportGeoModeItron Security Manager7Up To 10 Digit Register ReadingMobile/Handheld & Fixed Network Response51234689
9SCM+ System Requirements Application RequirementsTo utilize the new features of SCM+ messaging reading systems must be capable of accepting the new message structure. Below are the minimum application requirements for processing SCM+ messages.MV-RS v8.3 or higher (released March 2012)Field Collection System (FCS) v2.3 or higher (released in 2011)ChoiceConnect Fixed Network software v4.1 or higher (released in 2011)Field Deployment Manager (FDM) v3.3 or higher (released in March 2013)
10SCM+ System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements
11SCM+ System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements (continued)
12SCM+ System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements (continued)
13SCM+ System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements (continued)
14Model VariationsSeveral models of 100 series endpoints have been produce since the first released in The below table provides details of the major differences.ModelPart NumberDescription100W Phase 2ERW XInitial release of 100W series100W Phase 3ERW XXMajor firmware update for reading truncation100W Phase 3.5ERW XXAdded Silver Springs Network support100W+ Phase 4ERW XXAdded SCM+, security, and remote disconnect valve support
15The Handheld Device To read and program endpoints use one of the following handhelds:FC200SRFC300SR (with S-Read)Ensure the selected handheld device has the latest release of Field Data Manager (FDM) installed.FC200FC300
17100W Series Operating Modes 100 series water endpoints can be configured for the following operating modes.Factory ModeInitial shipping modeModule’s transmitter is turned off but receiver listens for commandsEncoder models monitor for meter register connectionWhen detected the register reading is extracted at the top of the hour and transitions endpoint to Run ModePulser models require programming to exit Factory ModeCut Cable and Cut Detected tamper flags are activeQuiet ModeA special mode used by meter manufacturers that allows meter/endpoint functional verification before leaving their factory. At the end of a selected time period the endpoint automatically reverts to its previous operating mode
18100 Series Start-up Run Mode Standard operating mode Endpoint transmissions based on mobile or fixed network environmentPulser endpoints require programming to set the selected register parameters, initial consumption, and Utility IDAudit ModeSimilar to Run Mode except endpoint transmission rate changes to every 4 seconds and receiver listens for commands at 4 second intervalsA Check endpoint command places the endpoint in Audit Mode for one hour then it exits to Run ModeGeo ModeA special fixed network mode that enables a hard to read endpoint to use a close by endpoint as a relay
20InstallationDepending on the model of endpoint, pit or remote, decide how the endpoint will be installed: wall mount, through the lid, shelf mount or rod mountFor water meter pit boxes the type of lid material and its configuration will govern how the endpoint should be mounted. Follow the installation procedures outlined in the 100W/100W+ and 100WP/100WP+ ERT Module Installation Guide (Itron publication, TDC XX)Rod MountThrough LidShelf Mount
21InstallationFor remote endpoints, select mounting locations that provide the closest distance to the intended reading device with minimal obstructionsFor Mobile: Closest to the street of the route drive-byFor Fixed Network: Closest to the location of the Cell Control UnitWhen the module is installed in basements try to mount the unit as high as possible, preferably on the upper floor joist near a windowWall Mount
22InstallationFollow the instructions in the appropriate installation manual, TDC XX (pit model) or TDC XX (remote) and connect the endpoint to the meter register using one of the following methods:Inline connector (ILC)Direct wireDirect mountInline ConnectorDirect WireDirect Mount
23Wiring Configurations Endpoint modules are available with various meter register wiring options. Refer to specific installation manual (pit models: TDC XX or TDC XX for remotes) for wiring details.Pit ModelItron’s inline connector (ILC) system incorporates O-ring sealed twist lock connectors to ensure a water tight attachmentDirect wiring to the meter register using the endpoint’s 5 foot or 20 inch flying lead cableRequires application of a water repellant material over the meter screw/wire connectionsRemote ModelDirect connection using the register’s internal wiresItron approved cabling that can be used in lengths up to 300 feet
25Programming Encoder Endpoints Programing water endpoints requires the use of an FC200 or FC300 handheld radio. Follow the instructions given in FDM application guide, TDC XX.Encoder EndpointsAutomatic register detection is a feature of 100W series encoder modules. When connected to approved encoded meter registers, initial programming is not required to activate the endpoint. Register consumption values will be automatically updated at the top of each hour.Encoder endpoints will require programming if:A Neptune E-Coder 8-dial register is connectedA Utility ID is requiredA change in mode is required. For example, Fixed Network to MobileImmediate Run Mode is requiredEndpoint Security is to be enabled
26Programming Encoder endpoints (continued) When programming is required, perform the following steps:From Endpoint ToolsSelect Endpoint from Endpoint Tools listSelect required function (Program Endpoint shown)
27Programming Encoder Endpoints (continued) Select proper register type Verify programming attributesConfirm Endpoint was programmedPerform Check Endpoint
28Programming Pulser Endpoints Pulser endpoints always require programming to:Establish the endpoint starting meter consumption countSelect connected meter registerFrom Endpoint ToolsSelect Program EndpointSelect correct meter register
29Programming Pulser Endpoints (continued) Enter meter reading Verify programming attributesConfirm endpoint was programmedPerform Check Endpoint
30Programming Fixed Network A fixed base system that utilizes strategically placed Cell Control Units to relay endpoint and meter information to a central location.Enter endpoint ID, select meter register If endpoint is a pulser enter register readingVerify programming informationFrom Endpoint ToolsSelect 100W FNSelect Program EndpointAfter programming, perform a Network Coverage Test (NCT) to verify the endpoint is communicating with the Fixed Network system.
31ProgrammingGeoModeA special fixed network mode to improve the detection of a hard to read endpoint by using an adjacent endpoint as a relay. GeoMode is only possible with endpoints programmed for Fixed Network operation.From Endpoint ToolsSelect GeoMode CommandEnter hard to read endpoint IDSelect Establish LinkEnter GeoMode (relay) endpoint ID
32Programming Telemetry Devices Programming for approved telemetry products is not required. The endpoint automatically detects and displays these devices as “Peripheral Device” within the Check Endpoint table. Additionally, the state of the device—Operational or Connected—and related firmware and hardware versions will be shown.
33Programming Telemetry Devices—Secure Commands To access some telemetry devices, the 100W+ must have enhanced security enabled and be programmed with Secure Commands and Security Keys issued by the Itron Security Manager. This is achieved by accessing the Get Commands screen in the FDM Endpoint Tools application on the FC300 handheld reader.
34Programming Telemetry Devices—Remote Disconnect Valve A device to control interruption of water service without the need to remove the water meter.From Endpoint ToolsSelect Valve CommandsEnter endpoint IDSelect the type of function requiredConfirm service status
35Programming Telemetry Devices—Acoustical Leak Sensor A device that monitors sound signatures from the meter service line to the street distribution line. Data is analyzed and stored in the endpoint. The sensor will be automatically detected within 22 ½ minutes of being attached to the endpoint.From Endpoint ToolsPerform a Check Endpoint, verify the Leak Sensor is visible at Peripheral Device, and the LS State is operational.
36ProgrammingAfter programming, always perform a Check Endpoint to view various endpoint parameters and verify that everything is working properly. A Check Endpoint:Aligns the endpoint time to the handheld’s current timeChecks communication with telemetry devicesGenerates an immediate request for a read from an encoded register or returns the current accumulated reading from a pulser registerIndicates state of tamper and status flags
38Troubleshooting Unable to read or program Verify the correct endpoint ID was entered in reading deviceMove closer to the endpointMake sure the endpoint is mounted correctly and not under water. If it is under water, use a through the lid mount.Make sure the endpoint is in an upright positionDetermine if the installed endpoint is working properly by temporarily substituting a known good unitVarious conditions can create problems with reading the endpoints. These include wrong endpoint ID, water, distance, metal lids/boxes, and mounting too deep in the pit. This could also be caused if the endpoint is still in programming mode.
39Troubleshooting Register and endpoint readings do not match Verify that the cable is connected and not damaged or pinchedGel connectors may not be crimped properlyVerify the endpoint is wired correctlyVerify that the endpoint and meter register are correctly matchedRefer to the Meter and Telemetry Device Compatibility List, PUBDetermine if the installed endpoint is working properly by temporarily substituting a known good unitFor an encoded type register determine if it is working correctly by temporarily substituting a known good unitCheck for physical damage
40Troubleshooting Register reading is not reported A No Read will be indicated if the endpoint is not wired correctlyFor Remote endpoint modules check that the gel connectors are properly crimpedVerify that the endpoint and meter register are correctly matchedRefer to the meter compatibility list, PUBDetermine if the installed endpoint is working properly by substituting with a known good unitFor an encoder type endpoint and register an Invalid Read is reported if there is improper register/endpoint communications or if the register is trying to transfer unacceptable dataCheck physical damage
41Troubleshooting Cut Cable is indicated Cut Cable indicates that at some point within the last 40 days the endpoint was not communicating with an encoded meter register or was not recording pulses from a pulser type register.Verify that the cable is connected and not damaged or pinchedGel connectors may not be crimped properlyVerify that the endpoint is wired correctlyVerify that the endpoint and meter register are correctly matched.Refer to the meter compatibility list, PUBDetermine if the installed endpoint is working properly by substituting with a known good unitCheck physical damage
42Troubleshooting Cut Detected is indicated Cut detected indicates that the endpoint is not currently communicating with the meter register. If the condition exists for a 24 hour period for an encoder ERT or for 2 consecutive read attempts for a pulser ERT, the Cut Cable flag will be set.Verify the endpoint and meter register are correctly matched.Refer to the meter compatibility list, PUBVerify the cable is connected and not damaged or pinchedGel connectors may not be crimped properlyVerify the endpoint is wired correctlyCheck physical damage
43Troubleshooting Leak Sensor not detected Verify the cable is connected and not cut or pinchedFor a remote endpoint, verify it is wired correctly and gel connectors are crimped properlyCheck for physical damageVerify the endpoint is programmed correctly by doing a Check Endpoint functionAttach a known good leak sensor and reprogramIf you do not detect the sensor, replace the endpointLeak Sensor100W/100W+Leak Sensor installed
44Maintenance Tips for maintaining installations When reading, check for physical damage, water submersion, cut cable or debris covering the endpointUse remote antennas for hard-to-read locations and metal lidsEnsure endpoints are installed in accordance with the requirements stated in the respective installation manualThe endpoint should always be in a vertical upright position
45Please Evaluate the Training. Evaluation forms may be found in the my.itron.com Knowledge Center. Search on “instructor-led evaluation.”