Presentation on theme: "Consolidated Security Credential for Persons Who Transport Hazardous Materials Consolidated HazMat Security Credential."— Presentation transcript:
Consolidated Security Credential for Persons Who Transport Hazardous Materials Consolidated HazMat Security Credential
Project Overview Objective Perform a detailed evaluation of the hazardous material (HazMat) transportation worker credentialing system to identify duplicative elements and redundant costs throughout the process. Key Outcome Determining the feasibility of consolidating many or all of the existing credentials, necessary under current regulations and policies, into one credential for all transportation modes that is cost-effective and maintains an equal or greater level of security and safety.
Project Key Tasks Task 1 (Phase I) Identify credentials and credential elements Task 2 (Phase I) Conduct time and cost analysis Task 3 (Phase I) Conduct regulatory analysis Task 4 (Phase I) Determine feasibility of consolidation Task 6 (Phase II) Develop and evaluate options for consolidation
NameAcronym Issuing Agency Mode Transport Worker Identification CredentialTWICTSAMarine Merchant Mariner’s LicenseMMLUSCGMarine Merchant Mariner’s DocumentMMDUSCGMarine Merchant Mariner’s CredentialMMCUSCGMarine Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping for Seafarers STCW International Maritime Organization/USCG Marine Florida Uniform Port Access CredentialFUPACFL DHSMVMarine Local Port IDsN/ALocal Port AuthorityMarine Secure Identification Display Area BadgeSIDAIndividual Airport AuthoritiesAir Pilot’s LicenseN/AFAAAir e-RAILSAFEN/Ae-VERIFILE.COM, Inc.Rail Engineer’s LicenseN/AFRARail Commercial Driver’s License with HazMat Endorsement CDL-HMEStates/TSAHighway Free and Secure Trade cardFASTCBPHighway United States Postal Service credentialUSPSUnited States Postal ServiceHighway NEXUSN/ACBPHighway Secure Electronic Network for Travelers Rapid Inspection SENTRICBPHighway U.S. PassportN/AU.S. State DepartmentAll RAPIDGateN/AEid Passport, Inc.Highway Common Access CardCACDepartment of DefenseHighway
Categorized Credentials (Candidates for Consolidation)
# of credentials Requirements to Obtain
# of credentials Credential Attributes
CredentialTechnology Information Stored TWIC Smart Card Dual Interface Integrated Circuit Chip (ICC) Magnetic Strip Bar Code Photograph, Fingerprints, Personal ID # Meets FIPS & ANSI 322 Standards Durability Tests Performed: -Flexure -Surface abrasion -U/V Exposure - Fading -Humidity - Laundry test CDL-HME 3D Bar Code Name, Address, Endorsements, Restrictions, Birth Date, Expiration Date, Identification Number, Sex, Eye Color, Height There may be some variance due to issuing State. SIDA Magnetic Strip-26 bit encryption. Different badge colors for levels of access. Embedded hologram. Contains a 6-digit number defining levels of access. FAST NEXUS SENTRI An antenna and integrated-circuit radio frequency identification (RFID) containing a unique number to verify the identity of the bearer to Border Protection Officers. Unique Serial Number The number is read wirelessly and sent to back-end computer systems. The systems retrieve personally identifiable information. (The unique number does not in itself contain any personally identifiable information). The systems involved are law enforcement databases, watch lists, and credential application information. Passport Embedded Electronic Chip (RFID) New ePassports contain an embedded chip which is a duplicate electronic copy of all information from the data page. Name, date of birth, place of birth, issuing office, and a digitized photo. Credential Technologies
Disqualifying Offenses Each credential has a set of crimes, or actions, that a person may not have in their background to receive the credential. Each item on the list is a disqualifying offense. Although, not having any disqualifying offenses is not a guarantee that an applicant will receive the credential, they can guarantee that the applicant will not receive the credential (in some cases the applicant can appeal). To fully understand the building blocks of each credential, the research found each disqualifying offense for each credential considered. A total of 93 disqualifying offenses were identified. A complete listing of the disqualifying offenses, and the associated credential, can be found in HMCRP Report 6, Feasibility of a Consolidated Security Credential for Persons Who Transport Hazardous Materials (2011).
Time to Acquire Data Questionnaire Used to provide the broadest range of responses Posted online for approximately 7 weeks Collected Demographic data Years involved with the transportation of hazardous materials Transportation mode Credentials held Total time to obtain credentials (application – physical receipt) Perception of the total time to obtain credential (Way too short – Way too long) Time to complete application (start application – provide to agency) Perception of the time to complete application (Way too short – Way too long) Total time to pick-up credentials Perception of the time to pick-up credentials (Way too short – Way too long) Additional Comments
Number of Respondents by Mode
Respondents per Credential
Total Time to Obtain Credential
Way Too ShortToo ShortAbout RightToo Long Way Too Long Total CDL-HME TWIC FAST FUPAC MMC MMD MML SENTRI SIDA Other Total Percent 0.2%0.8%39.7%39.1%20.2%100.0% *Note: Due to rounding, the totals may not add up to 100%. Perceptions Regarding Total Time to Obtain Credential
CredentialStated CostsSecondary FeeValid for (years) SIDAVariableN/A2 Passport$100.00N/A10 TWIC$132.50$ MMD$100.00$ MMC$100.00$ FAST$50.00N/A5 USPSNot ReportedN/A4 NEXUS$50.00$ SENTRI$122.25N/A5 CACUnavailableN/A3 Credential Costs Credential Fees Data Obtained from issuing-agencies’ websites Discussions with company representatives
Two processes: Consolidated Non-Consolidated Two perspectives: Security Cost-Effectiveness Positive Negative Internal External StrengthsWeaknesses OpportunitiesThreats Feasibility of a Consolidated Security Credential for Persons who Transport Hazardous Materials
Consolidated ApproachNon-Consolidated Approach Strengths and Opportunities One credential for end-user Uniform look and design on the credential Ensures a minimum threshold for security Simplify training for security personnel Simplify “Threats” to mitigate list Only one issuing-agency to notify if problems arise Quickly adapt policy for new threats Better tracking of applicants Tailored credentialing Focused applicant assessment Weaknesses and Threats Institutional resistance State and federal legislative actions required Increased ability to abuse/misuse Decreased resolution with regards to the “Threats” to mitigate list International Issues Inconsistent vetting processes Re-vetting of the same people Inefficient information and data collection Data collection or processing errors Complexity of information sharing Variance in credential appearances Security Perspective (SWOT)
Consolidated ApproachNon-Consolidated Approach Strengths and Opportunities Eliminate redundancies for the issuing agencies Eliminate redundancies for the credential users Increased availability of enrollment centers Decrease training requirements for security personnel None identified Weaknesses and Threats Require new or additional technologyIncreased administrative costs Multiple enrollment centers and forms. Multiple credential costs Multiple enrollment centers and various forms. Requires more training for facility security personnel Cost-Effectiveness Perspective (SWOT)
Consolidation Options Consolidation appears to be feasible for five security credentials TWIC, MMD, SIDA, USPS, and CAC Four consolidation options were developed using input from the Technical Advisory Group, the results of the online survey, and based on the Phase I research effort. The purpose of developing four distinct options was to evaluate the potential for any of the options to succeed as a consolidated credential for persons who transport hazardous materials in any and all modes. The consolidation options evaluated were: 1.TWIC 2.TWIC, MMD, SIDA, USPS, CAC 3.TWIC, MMD 4.TWIC, SIDA, CAC, MMD
Consolidation Options There are 64 total unique elements (40 requirements to obtain, 24 attributes) amongst the five credentials considered feasible for consolidation. Each consolidation option was compared to the overall list to gauge applicability. Specifics can be found on page 44 of HMCRP Report 6 Feasibility of a Consolidated Security Credential for Persons Who Transport Hazardous Materials (2011). Additionally, the specific background checks for each consolidation option were compared to each other to determine each option’s comprehensiveness. Options1234 Fingerprint-Based Criminal Records CheckXXXX Name-Based Relevant Database CheckXXXX Drug TestXXX National Driver Register CheckXXX
Policy Implementation Analysis Consolidation of any credential requires implementation of some policy, and has the potential to fail due to organizational resistance, poor implementation, and/or a lack of clear overall focus. A multi-perspective analysis was done to better understand the feasibility of credential consolidation policy. The three perspectives analyzed were: 1.Organizational Perspective Impetus and Authority Organizational Form 2.Technical Perspective Organizational Climate Financing Risk Technology Trends 3.Personal Perspective
Conclusions The results of this research indicate feasibility in consolidating five HazMat credentials: TWIC, MMD, SIDA, USPS, and CAC. The research also indicates that significant changes must occur to consolidate these credentials, and is dependent on information that is currently not available such as a full cost benefit analysis regarding the consolidation process. In addition, the research found that the consolidation of background checks for these five credentials, and six others (FAST, NEXUS, SENTRI, CLD-HME, MMC, and U.S. Passport), are feasible. Furthermore, the background consolidation effort appears to be the most feasible first step in the overall consolidation process.
Conclusions (cont.) Based on the findings of this research: Cost Benefit Analysis: It is imperative to understand the short-term and long-term costs and benefits associated with consolidation of the considered credentials. Consolidation of applicable background checks: The consolidation of certain credential’s background check processes pose a less significant impact to the system while offering the greatest potential for positive impact to the credential holders. Details supporting these conclusions and the entire research effort can be found in HMCRP Report 6, Feasibility of a Consolidated Security Credential for Persons Who Transport Hazardous Materials (2011).