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1 Security & Emergency Preparedness for Water Systems A Training Toolbox presentation developed by MDEQ.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Security & Emergency Preparedness for Water Systems A Training Toolbox presentation developed by MDEQ."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Security & Emergency Preparedness for Water Systems A Training Toolbox presentation developed by MDEQ

2 2 Why are we concerned about security of our Drinking Water? Hazards or threats can prevent a utility from being able to provide a safe and reliable supply of water to consumers Hazards or threats can prevent a utility from being able to provide a safe and reliable supply of water to consumers Hazard Any individual, group, or event that could: Destroy the facility, Halt or disrupt operations/service, Threaten public health, Harm employees, Publicly embarrass a utility, Require a great deal of time and/or money to respond, Cause a general panic/distrust.

3 3 Hazards or Threats to Utilities Natural Disasters Natural Disasters Man-Made Events Man-Made Events Cause … Physical Damage Physical Damage Contamination Event Contamination Event Loss of staff Loss of staff …

4 Hazards or Threats to Utilities Consequences Physical damage to system Physical damage to system Contamination of water Contamination of water Chemical, biological, radiological Chemical, biological, radiological Natural Disasters Earthquakes Earthquakes Floods Floods Wind, ice, snow storms Wind, ice, snow storms Wild fires Wild fires Tornado Tornado Volcanic eruption Volcanic eruption Pandemic health event Pandemic health event Man-Made Events Terrorism Terrorism Cyber Hacking Cyber Hacking Vandalism Vandalism Accidents Accidents Fire Fire Threats, warnings, or hoaxes Threats, warnings, or hoaxes Loss of staff Loss of staff Injured or unavailable Injured or unavailable

5 Tools to Minimize Threats Vulnerability Assessments (VA) Vulnerability Assessments (VA) Physical Security and Hardening of Facilities Physical Security and Hardening of Facilities Emergency Response Plans (ERP) Emergency Response Plans (ERP) National Infrastructure Protection Plan National Infrastructure Protection Plan Incident Command System/National Incident Management System Incident Command System/National Incident Management System Montana Water/Wastewater Agency Response Network (MT WARN) Montana Water/Wastewater Agency Response Network (MT WARN) Partners and Contacts Partners and Contacts Other Resources Other Resources 5

6 6 Vulnerability Assessment (VA) Process of identifying, quantifying, and prioritizing system vulnerabilities Process of identifying, quantifying, and prioritizing system vulnerabilities Focuses on types of plausible possible threats Focuses on types of plausible possible threats Facility by facility evaluation of the system and its operations that are at risk Facility by facility evaluation of the system and its operations that are at risk Use findings to prioritize security upgrades and operation changes to reduce risks Use findings to prioritize security upgrades and operation changes to reduce risks Include vulnerabilities in Emergency Response Plan (ERP). Include vulnerabilities in Emergency Response Plan (ERP).

7 Physical Security and Hardening of Facilities Security Design Security Design Threat Identification Threat Identification Vulnerability Assessment Vulnerability Assessment Water Infrastructure Security Enhancements (WISE) Documents Water Infrastructure Security Enhancements (WISE) Documents 7 Example Access control: perimeter detection, fences, alarms, locks, barricades…

8 8 Creative Physical Security Photos courtesy of Mountain Water

9 Emergency Response Plan Written plan with thought-out actions to respond to emergencies of all types Written plan with thought-out actions to respond to emergencies of all types Makes use of system’s Vulnerability Assessment by addressing possible consequences of vulnerabilities Makes use of system’s Vulnerability Assessment by addressing possible consequences of vulnerabilities 9

10 Emergency Response Plan (ERP) Presents clear and logical steps to take Presents clear and logical steps to take Designates roles and responsibilities Designates roles and responsibilities Identifies essential contacts and partners Identifies essential contacts and partners Important to train and exercise with Important to train and exercise with Assists in effective coordination with first responders, law enforcement, and health officials Assists in effective coordination with first responders, law enforcement, and health officials Needs to be frequently updated Needs to be frequently updated 10

11 Emergency Response Plan Eight Core Elements Eight Core Elements System Specific Information (such as maps, “as-built” drawings, operations manuals, SOPs, etc.) System Specific Information (such as maps, “as-built” drawings, operations manuals, SOPs, etc.) System Roles and Responsibilities, (including chain of command and contact information) System Roles and Responsibilities, (including chain of command and contact information) Communication Procedures – Who, What, and When Communication Procedures – Who, What, and When Personnel Safety Personnel Safety Identification of Alternative Water Sources Identification of Alternative Water Sources Replacement Equipment and Chemical Supplies Replacement Equipment and Chemical Supplies Property Protection Property Protection Water Sampling Water Sampling 11

12 Emergency Response Plan Training, Exercises, and Drills Training, Exercises, and Drills Regularly practice implementing the ERP Regularly practice implementing the ERP Orientation exercises Orientation exercises Table-top workshops Table-top workshops Functional exercises Functional exercises Full-scale drills Full-scale drills 12

13 Security Regulations Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 CWS serving more than 3,300 people are required to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare an Emergency Response Plan CWS serving more than 3,300 people are required to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare an Emergency Response Plan USDA – Rural Development funded projects USDA – Rural Development funded projects All funded systems must complete a VA and ERP and update them every three years All funded systems must complete a VA and ERP and update them every three years Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) or (SARA Title III). Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) or (SARA Title III). Purpose is to encourage and support emergency planning efforts and to provide the public and local governments with information concerning potential chemical hazards present in their communities. Purpose is to encourage and support emergency planning efforts and to provide the public and local governments with information concerning potential chemical hazards present in their communities. MT DEQ and the State of Montana MT DEQ and the State of Montana Strongly encourage all PWS to have a current VA and ERP. Strongly encourage all PWS to have a current VA and ERP. 13

14 FEDERAL OFFENSE US CODE Title 42, Section 300i-1 (a) Tampering (b) Attempt or threat (c) Civil penalty (d) “Tamper” defined -For purposes of this section, the term “tamper” means- (1) to introduce a contaminant into a public water system with the intention of harming persons; or (2) to otherwise interfere with the operation of a public water system with the intention of harming persons.

15 National Infrastructure Protection Plan Developed by the Department of Homeland Security Developed by the Department of Homeland Security 15

16 National Infrastructure Protection Plan Goal: To protect and ensure the continuity of the critical infrastructure and key resources of the U.S. Goal: To protect and ensure the continuity of the critical infrastructure and key resources of the U.S. Objectives: Objectives: Understanding and sharing information about terrorist threats and other hazards with CIKR partners; Understanding and sharing information about terrorist threats and other hazards with CIKR partners; Building partnerships to share information and implement CIKR protection programs; Building partnerships to share information and implement CIKR protection programs; Implementing a long-term risk management program; Implementing a long-term risk management program; Maximizing the efficient use of resources for CIKR protection, restoration, and recovery. Maximizing the efficient use of resources for CIKR protection, restoration, and recovery. 16

17 National Infrastructure Protection Plan 18 Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sectors defined 18 Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sectors defined 17 Sector Specific AgencyCritical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector Department of Agriculture Department of Health and Human Services Agriculture and Food Department of DefenseDefense Industrial Base Department of EnergyEnergy Department of Health and Human ServicesHealthcare and Public Health Department of the InteriorNational Monuments and Icons Department of the TreasuryBanking and Finance Environmental Protection AgencyWater Department of Homeland Security Office of Infrastructure Protection Chemical Commercial Facilities Critical Manufacturing Dams Emergency Services Nuclear Reactors, Material, and Waste Office of Cyber security and Communications Information Technology Communications Transportation Security AdministrationPostal and Shipping Transportation Security Administration United States Coast Guard Transporation Systems Immigration and Customs Enforcement Federal Protective Service Government Facilities

18 Water Sector-Specific Plan Four goals and objectives: Four goals and objectives: Sustain protection of public health & environmental Sustain protection of public health & environmental Recognize & reduce risks Recognize & reduce risks Maintain a resilient infrastructure Maintain a resilient infrastructure Increase communication, outreach, and public confidence. Increase communication, outreach, and public confidence. 18

19 National Incident Management System Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal preparedness funding contingent upon full NIMS compliance Federal preparedness funding contingent upon full NIMS compliance 19

20 National Incident Management System A system to coordinate emergency preparedness and incident management among various federal, state, and local agencies A system to coordinate emergency preparedness and incident management among various federal, state, and local agencies Standard organizational structure for all domestic incidents regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity Standard organizational structure for all domestic incidents regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity NIMS is not an operational incident management or resource allocation plan NIMS is not an operational incident management or resource allocation plan 20

21 National Incident Management System NIMS NIMS Represents a core set of doctrines, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes that enables effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management Represents a core set of doctrines, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes that enables effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management Incident Command System (ICS) Incident Command System (ICS) Consists of a standard management hierarchy and procedures for managing incident's of any size Consists of a standard management hierarchy and procedures for managing incident's of any size Purpose: enabling incident managers to identify the key concerns associated with the incident—often under urgent conditions—without sacrificing attention to any component of managing the incident and the participants Purpose: enabling incident managers to identify the key concerns associated with the incident—often under urgent conditions—without sacrificing attention to any component of managing the incident and the participants 21

22 MT WARN: Montana Water/Wastewater Agency Response Network Established by Montana Water and Wastewater Critical Infrastructure Committee & Utilities Established by Montana Water and Wastewater Critical Infrastructure Committee & Utilities “Utilities helping utilities” approach to providing mutual aid assistance during times of crisis “Utilities helping utilities” approach to providing mutual aid assistance during times of crisis Member utilities send valuable aid in a quick and efficient manner Member utilities send valuable aid in a quick and efficient manner Free and voluntary program Free and voluntary program 22

23 Partners and Contacts Local police Local police Co. and State Disaster and Emergency Services Co. and State Disaster and Emergency Services Fire departments Fire departments Public health officials Public health officials Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) Local government/city managers Local government/city managers State and federal agencies State and federal agencies Nearby water utilities Nearby water utilities Health care providers Health care providers Equipment and chemical suppliers Equipment and chemical suppliers News and public announcement media News and public announcement media 23

24 Tools and Resources EPA’s Water Security Website EPA’s Water Security Website Water Infrastructure Security Enhancement (WISE) Water Infrastructure Security Enhancement (WISE) mensel=c57dfa7b_96_0_3588_6 mensel=c57dfa7b_96_0_3588_6 EPA, Local Emergency Planning Committee age?openForm EPA, Local Emergency Planning Committee age?openForm age?openForm age?openForm 24

25 Tools and Resources Department of Homeland Security, NIPP Department of Homeland Security, NIPP Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA), NIMS/ICS Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA), NIMS/ICS Emergency Planning and Community Right- to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) Emergency Planning and Community Right- to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) and_Community_Right-to-Know_Act and_Community_Right-to-Know_Act 25

26 Tools and Resources MT Disaster and Emergency Services MT Disaster and Emergency Services and (406) Statewide MT WARN Network Statewide MT WARN Network MT DEQ PWS Security website cpx MT DEQ PWS Security website cpx cpx cpx 26

27 27 Questions? How would your community get along without water for days to weeks? How would your community get along without water for days to weeks? Who would you call for help? Are phone lines working? Who would you call for help? Are phone lines working? Are you ready to notify the public with what precautions they should take with their drinking water? Are you ready to notify the public with what precautions they should take with their drinking water? Do you have procedures for criminal events and sampling concerns? Do you have procedures for criminal events and sampling concerns? Are your employees available and their families taken care of? Are your employees available and their families taken care of? Do you have Memorandum of Understanding (MOUs) with suppliers? Do you have Memorandum of Understanding (MOUs) with suppliers? Do you have a relationship with your responders in your community? Do you have a relationship with your responders in your community? Are you prepared? Are you prepared? …


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