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Www.mobilevce.com © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G 20041. www.mobilevce.com © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G 20042 19 th October 2004 Regional Blackouts: Protection of Broadcast.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.mobilevce.com © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G 20041. www.mobilevce.com © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G 20042 19 th October 2004 Regional Blackouts: Protection of Broadcast."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G 20041

2 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G th October 2004 Regional Blackouts: Protection of Broadcast Content on 3G Networks Alexander W. Dent Allan Tomlinson, Information Security Group, Royal Holloway, University of London

3 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Introduction Motivation Collaboration between broadcast and mobile networks Potential to deliver broadcast content over 3G networks Potential issues with content protection Digital Rights Management (DRM) Ownership of Content Distribution Rights Licensing

4 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Background Regional Blackouts Broadcast Content subject to restrictions Geographical In the region around a stadium where a live event is taking place Time During the time when a live event takes place Immediately after the event

5 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Background Current Solutions Conditional Access systems Scrambled content Regional codes Embedded in receivers Entitlement management Descrambling authorised according to regional codes Broadcast time controlled by broadcaster

6 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Background

7 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Background Mobile Receivers Current solutions assume Relatively static receivers Broadcaster controls play-out and billing Mobile receivers No longer static Content forwarding

8 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Background

9 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G New Problem Content Provider may trust broadcaster to control distribution to initial receiver Content Provider cannot trust initial receiver to control further distribution Further distribution is controlled by the user End Device can be any IP enabled device End Device may be completely controlled by user Impact on future mobile services

10 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Potential Solutions Trusted Hardware Insist on trusted hardware on End Device Install GPS on end device Expensive Trusted Network Network provides time and location data End Device must be connected directly to network Secure Protocols

11 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Network Model

12 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Assumptions STB and ED have a secure execution environment and a tamper-proof data storage area All cryptographic processing on STB and ED is carried out in the secure execution environment Only applications running in the secure execution environment have access to the tamper-proof data storage areas in the STB and the ED At least one authenticated key, K, is shared by STB and ED and is stored in the tamper-proof data storage areas

13 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Assumptions At least one of the ED or STB possesses a public verification transform, V CA, for a certification authority CA, stored in its tamper-proof data storage area At least one of the ED or STB possesses a DRM application stored in its tamper-proof data storage area At least one of the ED or STB has knowledge of the usage criteria for each service received

14 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Protocol 1

15 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Protocol 1 Advantages Simple Disadvantages Heavy computational load on the intermediary network. Heavy computational load on the end device (which may have limited computational power) Trust in DRM application on the end device

16 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Protocol 2

17 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Protocol 2 Advantages Simple Low computational load for the end device Good source of nonces from scrambled broadcasts Most DRM performed on STB, less trust in ED Disadvantages Still heavy computational load on the intermediary network

18 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Conclusions Protocols deliver secure time and location information from mobile devices to DRM applications. Computational load on intermediary network. Potential for Denial of Service attacks

19 © 2004 Mobile VCE 3G Thank you ! For further information please contact: Dr. Allan Tomlinson Tel:+44 (1784) WWW:www.mobilevce.com


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